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 History of Trumbull & Mahoning Counties, Ohio
Published:  Cleveland: H. Z. Williams & Bros.

Trumbull County, Ohio
Pg. 335

     GEORGE PARSONS, SR., was born in Enfield, Connecticut, Apr. 10, 1781.  He came to Ohio in 1803, and Dec. 10, 1807, was united in marriage to Francis M. Austen.  He was a clerk of the county court some thirty years, and was also president of the Western Reserve bank.  He died Aug. 29, 1865, and his wife June 19, 1850.  They raised two children - George, Jr., and Mrs. Heman R. Harman, who died in 1878.  George Parsons, Jr., was born in Warren, Sept. 3, 1810.  He studied law at New Lisbon, Ohio, and was admitted to the bar at Cincinnati, May 30, 1834, Salmon P. Chase being one of the examiners.  On account of ill health he could not practice.  June 28, 1838, he married Adaline Baldwin, by whom he had five children.  The oldest, George, was a member of the Nineteenth Ohio volunteer infantry, and died in camp in Kentucky, Mar. 10, 1862, in his twenty-second year; Adaline, born Dec. 16, 1842, Charles H., Dec. 13, 1846, both at home; William B., May 31, 1849, residing in Bazetta; Jacob H., June 14, 1852, a resident of Dakota.  Mr. Parsons' first wife died Jan. 26, 1861, and Apr. 26, 1865, he married Harriet M., daughter of Roswell Lee, born in Farmington township, Feb. 27, 1822.  He resided on a farm of Champion township until 1866, when he moved to Warren township, on the Hapgood place.  Mr. Parsons has been a member of the Episcopal church for forty years.

     HENRY STILES was born in Danbury, Connecticut, in 1798, and was nine years old when his family came to Canfield.  All aspiring boys in those days were apprenticed to learn trades, saddlery being one of the most popular.  There were no light vehicles, so that errands and pleasure-going called the saddled horse into use.  Wheeler Lewis had the principal shop in Warren, and it was to him that Mr. Stiles was apprenticed in 1812.  The usual apprenticeship at that time was seven years, but boys began so early that that they had acquired their trade and their liberty at twenty-one.  It will be seen that Mr. Stiles was “bound out,” as it was called, at the age of fourteen.  When he had completed his trade he purchased the business from Mr. Lewis.  In 1834 he sold the shop to Mr. Brewster and removed to Medina to engage in milling with his brother Jairus.  A year later he removed to Norwalk, where he was one of the first to plant shade trees, for which that city is now celebrated.  In 1837 Mr. Stiles returned to Warren and engaged in mercantile business in partnership with George Mygatt.  In 1848 he purchased Mr. Mygatt’s interest and continued in business in partnership with his sons until his death, which occurred Aug. 13, 1869. Mr. Stiles married, in 1821, Mary Reeves.  She died at Warren in December, 1859.  Their family consisted of six children, five of whom are living: Henry L., Timothy M., William R., Mary E., Sarah C. (Jones), and George M. William, Mary, and Mrs. Jones reside in Warren.  George M. died in 1873.  William R. continues the dry goods business at the old Mygatt & Stiles corner.

     ZALMON FITCH, first cashier and second president of the old Western Reserve bank, was born in 1785.  He came to the Reserve from Washington county, Pennsylvania, in 1801, his parents having settled that year at Canfield.  A few years later he engaged in mercantile pursuits in which he continued until the organization of the Western Reserve bank at Warren.  Mr. Fitch servedas cashier until General Perkins resigned the presidency in April, 1836, when he succeeded to the vacancy.  About 1840 Mr. Fitch removed to Cleveland.  He became a director in the Bank of Cleveland and also one of the directors of the Cleveland & Pittsburg railroad.  He died at Cleveland Apr. 28, 1860.  He was a man of strong character and good executive ability.  He was one of the most successful of that successful generation of early business men whose names were associated with the reliable old Western Reserve bank.

     W. N. PORTER.   One of the oldest merchants and the oldest book dealer in Warren is W. N. Porter.  He was born in New Hartford, New York, in 1804.  Having learned cabinet-making, he worked in his native place until 1832, when he removed to Warren. He continued at his trade at this place until 1836.  D. M. Ide some time before had started a bindery, and that year associated MrMr. Porter in partnership.  A general book trade was added to the bindery business.  This was the first bookstore in Warren, though, of course, other stores had kept books in their general stock.  Blank books were at that time

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made by the home manufacturer, and the trade in miscellaneous books was much larger than at present.  Blank book manufacture has, of late years, been concentrated into large establishments, but why the trade in general volumes has fallen off is at first a puzzling question.  The number of readers has increased, and as the country grows older, people have more time to spare from business to devote to reading.  A partial explanation is found in the growth of periodical literature; easy access to large city establishments may also have some influence upon the rural trade.  Mr. Ide remained in partnership with Mr. Porter about fifteen years.  He then removed to New Hampshire where he died in 1880.  Mr. Porter, excepting an interval of two years, has been in the book trade since 1836.  He was married in New York, to Mary Ann Higby.  Their family consisted of one son and one daughter.  The son had a special fondness and aptitude in art.  He opened a studio in Denver, Colorado, in 1875, but his health failed, and he died in May, 1876.  The daughter, Mrs. D. W. Jameson, resides in Warren.  Mrs. Porter died in November, 1878.  Calvin Austin was probably in Warren in 1800.  He was a prominent man, and one of the first justices of the peace.  He was also associate judge.  His sons, Seymour and Calvin, were prominent merchants.

     ASAHEL ADAMS came to Trumbull county in 1807, and to Warren about 1814.  He built the old Franklin House, on the corner of Market street and Park avenue, where he lived and kept store.  Later he built and occupied the Adams homestead on Mahoning avenue, and died in October, 1852, aged sixty-five years.  His wife, whose maiden name was Lucy Mygatt, still survives him.  Two sons reside in Warren, Whittlesey Adams, insurance agent, and George Adams, book dealer.

     ADAMSON BENTLY was born in Allegheny county, Pennsylvania, July 4, 1785, and at an early age came to Brookfield, Trumbull county.  He began life at nineteen years of age as a Baptist preacher, and was settled in Warren in 1810.  In addition to his work in the ministry, he was a merchant, a cattle drover, and managed a tavern.  He was a director in the Western Reserve bank, and built a number of houses.  About 1820 Mr. Bently became interested in the doctrines advanced by Alexander Campbell, and eventually became one of his followers.  He died in Nov. 1864.

     CYRUS BOSWORTH was born in Plymouth county, Massachusetts, Apr. 12, 1791, and came to Warren in 1811.  He busied himself, at first, in teaching school, but soon was employed as an express messenger between Warren and Pittsburg, and carried to the last named city the earliest news of Perry's victory. In 1813 he married Miss Serina Strowbridge, of New England.  After his return to Warren he built the National hotel, and also engaged in mercantile business in a frame building standing south of the hotel, and afterwards well-known as “Stiles' Store.”  He attempted to start a distillery on Red run, where it is crossed by Woodland street, but the enterprise soon failed.  Later, he purchased and occupied a farm in Lordstown, on the Canfield road.  Having lost his first wife, he was married again to Miss Sarah C. Case, a sister of the late Leonard Case, of Cleveland.  He was for many years prominent as a worker in the Interests of the Disciple church.  He also held the offices of sheriff and Representative.  His death occurred in Warren, Apr. 4, 1861.

     DcAVID BELL occupied a farm and house where the Jacob Perkins place is, on the Bazetta road, near Red run. He came to Warren, probably, previous to 1808, and was from Ireland.

     CAPTAIN OLIVER BROOKS came from New Jersey and occupied the old Brooks homestead, on South street.

     SAMUEL CHESNEY was born in Mifflin, Juniata county, Pennsylvania, Apr. 18, 1778.  He came to the Reserve in 1803, having previously taught school near Pittsburg.  He for many years held the office of deputy postmaster, and was elected justice of the peace a number of years in succession, until he declined to serve.  His death occurred May 5, 1866.  One son and one daughter survive.  Benjamin Chesney, of Painesville and Mrs. L. J. Iddings, Warren.

     WILLIAM W. COTGREAVE was in Warren as early as 1807.  He was one of the active men of the place, and a major in the war of 1812; but he seems to be best known through the number of buildings that he erected, conspicuous among which was a large house, standing upon what is now known as the VanGorder property, and sometimes called "Castle William."  He married

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a daughter of John Reed, and finally, removing to Mansfield Ohio, died there.

     HENRY HARSH came to Warren in 1801, and purchased the lot and built a house where Adams' book store now stands.  He also built a blacksmith shop at the same place, being one of the first blacksmiths in Trumbull county.  He died June 5, 1828.

     JACOB HARSH was born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, in 1783, and came to Trumbull county, Ohio, in 1803, settling in Warren.  He carried on blacksmithing for many years.  He was in the War of 1812, serving three months, from Warren.  He married Elizabeth, daughter of James Wilson, and reared a family of five children, of whom two sons are living.  He moved on the place now owned by his son H. J. Harsh in the spring of 1832, which was then but little improved.  He was a leading member of the Disciple church.  He died October, 1851.  Mrs. Harsh died August, 1853.  Henry J. Harsh was born in Warren, Ohio, Feb. 22, 1829; married, May 14, 1851, Jane M., daughter of Milton Rice, born in Parkman, Portage county.  Milton Rice was one of the early settlers of Southington township, coming with his father, Joseph Rice, about 1808.  He had a family of five children, four of whom are living.  He died
in Newton Falls Apr. 10, 1863.  Mrs. Maria Rice is still living at Newton Falls with her son, Dr. N. J. Rice, aged seventy-seven.  Mr. Harsh still occupies the old homestead.  He has dealt extensively in buying and shipping live stock, and has also paid considerable attention to stock raising and to dairying.  Mr. and Mrs. Harsh are the parents of the following children: Milton M.; Jennie E., wife of Dr. Milton Atkinson, of Cortland; J. C. Fremont; Frederick R.; William J., and Kittie P.

     JOHN HARSH was born in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, October, 1794.  When very young he settled in Warren, learned the trade of blacksmith and followed it during his life in Warren.  He was always a hardworking man and a skillful mechanic, and acquired a handsome property.  He was married in 1821 to Nancy Hall, who is still living at the age of eighty-three.  The issue of this marriage was eight children, six of whom are living, the oldest aged sixty-one.  Mr. Harsh died Apr. 25, 1882, having been an invalid for several years.

     HUMPHREY HARSH, oldest child of John and Nancy Harsh, was born in Warren, Ohio, Nov. 7, 1821.  He worked at blacksmithing until twenty-five years old.  In 1849 he was constable for two years and during his official service he acquired a knowledge of financial transactions, and he has since followed the business of loaning money and buying notes with much success.  Nov. 7, 1866, he was married to Mrs. John Kibbee, daughter of George HubbardMrs. Harsh was born in Connecticut in 1830.

     JOHN ECKMAN was born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, Mar. 24, 1789.  In 1802 he came to the Reserve from Fayette county, Pennsylvania, with his father, a gunsmith.  Although they settled in Weathersfield township, Eckman
was always more or less in Warren.  He helped to build the furnace on the old Eaton place, and speaks of having seen the first bar of iron manufactured there.  Adam Victory, of Pittsburg, was the hammerman.  Mr. Eckman is still living
(1876), at the advanced age of eighty-seven years.

     The FUSSELMANS came early, and lived many years on what is known as the Fusselman farm - one of the earliest settled farms in Trumbull county.

     LEVI HADLEY, who came to Warren in 1815, and followed the business of a wool carder and hotel keeper, soon left and became a judge in the Sangamon country, in Illinois.  Later he committed suicide by jumping from a steamboat into the Mississippi river.

     JAMES QUIGLEY, one of the first and most energetic merchants in Warren, was born in Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, in 1770.  He came to the Reserve in 1809 or 1810, and in addition to his mercantile business he dealt in live stock.  He died in 1822.

     JUSTUS SMITH came to Warren from Glen Falls, Washington county, New York, in 1810, with a view of making an exchange of property with Royal Pease, who was then a citizen of Warren, and who owned the whole lot upon which the First National bank stands.  An exchange was effected, and Mr. Smith returned east to settle up some business, sending out his family the next year, who took possession of the building vacated by Mr. Pease on the bank lot, and Mr. Smith returned later in company with Jacob H. Baldwin, and on foot.  Mr. Smith occupied the

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Pease property until 1815, in which year he died, leaving a widow and five children.  Mrs. Smith then sold her lot to the bank, and purchased the lot on the corner of High street and Mahoning avenue, now owned by Warren Packard. There she lived until 1836, when she sold her property, and passed the remainder of her life with her children.

     EDWARD SPEAR was born in Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania, Oct. 12, 1792. He moved to Warren in 1818.  For seven years Mr. Spear was associate judge of the common pleas, and held the office of justice of the peace until the time of his death.  He was for many years prominent as an elder in the Presbyterian church of Warren, and also as a Mason.  His death occurred on the 31st of January, 1873.

     JAMES SCOTT was born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania, Mar. 17, 1774, and moved to the Western Reserve in 1801.  Scott built the jail that stood on the bank of the river, which was burned in 1804.  He also had the contract for building the old court-house, 1813–16.  He died Jan. 31, 1846.

     ELIHU SPENCER, a gentleman of culture, came to Warren in 1816, and lived in a house which stood on Liberty street, on the present site of the building erected by Isaac VanGorder from the bricks of the old court-house.  He died in 1819, leaving a wife and child, who returned to the east, where the son, although dying young, attained some eminence in the literary way.

     MARK WESCOTT, one of the earliest inhabitants of Warren, lived for many years in a house recently torn down, but then standing on the southwest corner of Pine and Market streets.

     ZEBINA WEATHERBEE, a prominent early merchant, came to Warren very early, probably about the year 1803.  He died young, about 1812, leaving a widow, the sister of the late Mr. Francis FreemanMrs. Weatherbee died July, 1876, at the advanced age of ninety years.  Mr. Weatherbee was probably the third person in Warren to engage in mercantile business, as has been previously noted.  In 1803 Mr. Weatherbee had a contract to remove the trees felled upon the public square.

     SAMUEL ELLWELL.    One of the oldest citizens of Warren is Samuel Ellwell, now in his eighty-eighth year.  He was born in Salem county, New Jersey, Apr. 18, 1795.  He married Feb. 29, 1816, Anna Reeves, and the same spring removed from Bridgeton, New Jersey, to Warren, Ohio.  He had worked in a woolen factory in New Jersey, and after he came to Warren was employed in
the woolen factory of Benjamin Stevens for several years.  He then purchased of Noah Brockway, near Warren, a farm of eighty acres, on which he resided until his removal to Warren in 1860.  His wife, Anna, died in 1856 aged fifty-seven.  She was the mother of his children, of whom there were ten, seven boys and three girls, of whom six sons are living, viz: Stephen, living in Kansas; General John J. Ellwell, of Cleveland; Augustus, in Braceville; Alfred, in Willoughby; Joseph S., and William H. H., in Chicago.  In 1860 Mr. Ellwell was married to Mrs. Clarissa Hall, who died Jan. 15, 1871.

     LEWIS IDDINGS, son of Richard Iddings, was born in Warren in 1809.  He began mercantile business in Warren in 1832, and was engaged in trade without interruption until his death in 1879.  He was a man of liberal, progressive spirit, and was esteemed by his fellows both in business and in society.  He was elected director in the old Western Reserve bank in 1855, and held a great many positions of trust.  Mr. Iddings married, in 1840, Jane Chesney, who still survives.

     JAMES REED was prominent among the businessmen of Warren.  His death occurred Oct. 12, 1880.   The Western Reserve Chronicle of the next day contained the following:
Our community was suddenly shocked yesterday morning by the announcement on the streets of the death of our esteemed townsman, James Reed, of the stove firm of James Reed & Sons.  He had been sick for some ten days, but on Monday seemed much better, and the most sanguine hopes were entertained of his recovery.  When, therefore, as men were on their way to the polls yesterday morning, they learned of his death, all were filled with astonishment and the deepest sadness.
James Reed was born in Virginia in October, 1812, being, at the time of his death sixty-eight years old.  He came to this county some forty years ago, and settled in Newton Falls.  Here he engaged in the foundry business in company with Mr. Charles Boardman.  He continued the business here until January, 1859, when he moved to this city.  Here he purchased the foundry then owned by James Ward, and prosecuted his business until 1861, when he united in business with Jameson & Wheeler, under the firm name of Reed, Jameson & Co. in 1864 he sold his interest to Jameson & Wheeler, and returned to Newton Falls, where he engaged in the dry goods trade until 1870.  In that year he returned to Warren, and bought out Jameson & Wheeler. Since that, he and his two sons, Thaddeus and William, have conducted the foundry and stove business under the firm name of James Reed & Sons.

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Mr. Reed, it may be justly said, was one of the most highly respected men in this community.  It is slight praise when we say that for punctuality, thoroughness, strict honesty and integrity, he stood without reproach, and without a superior.
Among business men and all who knew him, his name was a synonym of stability and honor.  Upon the Disciple church, of which he was a member and a leading officer, his death is a terrible blow.  In that body of Christians he stood as a pillar, and the sorrow which pervades that family of worshipers is second only to that which fills his own household; and here it is crushing.  His family may be assured that they have the deepest sympathy of this whole people.

     D. J. ADAMS, president of the First National bank, Warren, is a son of Robert and Sally (Jackson) Adams, and was born in Londonderry, New Hampshire, Nov. 24, 1823.  Mr. Adams' career has been exclusively of a business and commercial character.  He lived in his native town until eleven years of age, and then went to Genessee county, New York, where he resided until twenty years old engaged in farming.  He removed to Erie county, Pennsylvania, in 1843, and was engaged in the stove business until 1853.  He married there, in 1850, Mary Smith, who is still living. In 1853 he came to Kingsville, Ashtabula county, and carried on farming until 1863.  For a few years subsequently he was engaged in the oil business in Pennsylvania, while retaining his residence in Ohio.  In 1868 he commenced trading through the Southern States, dealing extensively with sugar planters in Louisiana, which proved a profitable business.  In this he continued until 1876, when he took up his residence in Warren, where his headquarters had been since 1873.  On the organization of the Second National bank of Warren he was elected president, and is still filling that position.

     J. H. McCOMBS, cashier of the First National bank, of Warren, Ohio, was born in Weathersfield, Trumbull county, Ohio, Feb. 13, 1814, elder son of James and Elizabeth McCombsJames McCombs settled in Weathersfield in an early day and resided there until his death.  He was drafted in the War of 1812, and went to Sandusky but was subsequently discharged on account of sickness.  He died in 1847 and his wife the same year.  They were the parents of two sons, the subject of this sketch and Milo McCombs, who died in 1879, a resident of Howland township.  J. H. McCombs came to Warren in 1832, and has resided here since with the exception of two years which he spent in Youngstown.  He began here in business with H. W. Smith in a general store, with whom he continued until 1868.  Subsequently he was in partnership with Mr. Charles Smith, afterwards retiring from active business until the fall of 1879, when, in connection with George K. Ross, his son in-law, he began the wholesale grocery business, in which he still retains an interest.  He was elected a director of the First National bank upon its organization in 1863, and after wards was chosen vice-president.  In January, 1881, he was elected cashier, Mr. McCombs was married in 1837 to Miss Amarillis B., daughter of John Fitch, an early settler of Mahoning county. The fruit of this union was two daughters, Helen and CharlotteHelen, who died January, 1881, was the wife of George K. Ross.

     CHARLES SMITH.    One of the oldest business men in Warren is Charles Smith, president of the Trumbull National bank.  He was born in New York Aug. 12, 1803, and was the son of Justus and Charlotte Delamater Smith.  His parents removed to Ohio in 1808.  He began business as clerk for Judge King, and in 1822 opened a store in partnership with his brother, H. W. Smith, with whom he continued till 1835.  After the Ohio & Pennsylvania canal was opened, Mr. Smith ran a packet boat for some time. He was interested in the
canal company, and became its president.  He was one of the original projectors of the Cleveland & Mahoning railroad, and was a member of the first board of directors.  He continued merchandising till 1861.  He was the largest stockholder in the Trumbull National bank, and ever since its establishment has served as its president.  By industry and economy Mr. Smith has acquired considerable property, being among the wealthiest men in Warren.  Mr. Smith married in 1828, Angeline, daughter of James Scott, one of the pioneers of Warren. Their family consisted of five children: William H., resident of Vicksburg, Mississippi; Edward C., cashier of Tumbull National bank; Margaret S., wife of Whittlesey Adams, Warren; Eliza and Mary, Warren.  Mr. Smith has been a member of the Episcopal church for many years.  In politics he has always been a Democrat, and never voted any other ticket except for his brother-in-law, David Tod, in 1861.

     OLIVER H. PATCH, son of John H. Patch and

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Rebecca Mygatt Patch, was born in Canfield, Nov. 18, 1812.  His father, John H. Patch was a native of Danbury, Connecticut, where he married Rebecca Mygatt, sister of Comfort Mygatt.  At the age of fourteen Oliver H. Patch came to Warren to learn the saddlery trade as an apprentice of Henry Stiles.  He served an apprenticeship of seven years.  He then worked as a journeyman saddler in Brooklyn, New York, for two years, and at the age of twenty-three began business in partnership with George R. Brewster, the firm being Brewster, Patch & Co., the stock being general saddlery, harness, and carriage supplies.  This was in 1835.  Since that time Mr. Patch has been in the business and the head of the store until 1882.  He was married in 1845 to Elizabeth Opdyke, of Williams county. Her brother, Emerson Opdyke, was a partner of Mr. Patch at the opening of the war.  The firm at this time had large interests in the trade of their line at the South and lost heavily when the guns were fired on Sumter by the seizure of a large stock at Memphis, Tennessee.  Mr. Patch's family consisted of five children, two of whom are living— Lucy A., and Henry O.  Mr. Patch has been mayor of Warren and served on the council several years, also the board of education and other public positions.  Mr. Patch recoved the money he lost at the beginning of the war before its conclusion.  He has always been a progressive business man and public-spirited citizen.

     BOSTWICK H. FITCH is a son of Cook and Sarah Fitch.  His father came from Danbury, Connecticut, and settled at Canfield in 1802.  He married at Canfield Sarah Bostwick.  The family of Cook and Sarah Fitch consisted of four children – Thalia Rebecca, married to Henry F. Kirtland, of Poland; Mary, married to H. F. Kirtland after the death of Thalia Rebecca; Bostwick H., and Thomas T.  The last named lives in Poland.  Bostwick H. was born Sept. 24, 1815, at Canfield.  His father was a hatter and kept a hotel in Canfield until his death by cholera in 1834.  Bostwick H. had gone into Kirtland's store at Poland, and remained there until 1840 when he came to Warren and engaged in mercantile pursuits until 1844, since which time he has been in the wool trade.  He was married in 1840 to Frances L. Bidwell, of Poland, daughter of Chester Bidwell.  They have two children, Kirtland M., cashier of the Second National bank of Warren, and Mary F.

     REV. WILLIAM O. STRATTON was born in Baltimore, Maryland, Nov. 19, 1798.  His early occupation was that of a morocco dresser.  He left home at the age of twelve and went as cabin boy for a short time.  He was afterwards engaged in merchandise in New York city in a small way.  Having united with the church he commenced to fit himself for the ministry of the Presbyterian church, and attended the academy at Bloomfield, New Jersey, for two or three years.  He was licensed to preach in 1825, and officiated as minister for a few years in New Jersey and in western New York; came to Ohio as a licentiate in 1828 and was located at Canfield, Mahoning county, until 1844.  He was afterwards stationed at North Benton for twenty four years, where his labors were very successful.  He then retired from active work in the ministry and came to Warren in 1866, where he has since lived, occasionally occupying the pulpit of the Presbyterian church in the absence of the pastor.  Mr. Stratton was united in marriage Oct. 9, 1832, to Anna M., daughter of Hon. Elisha Whittlesey.  She was born in Canfield, Ohio, Nov. 7, 1812.  Mr. and Mrs. Stratton are the parents of seven children, of whom six are living, as follows: Rev. Howard W. Stratton, born Sept. 9, 1833, a resident of Washington Territory; Lucy J., born Apr. 19, 1835, now widow of Whittlesey Collins, and residing in St. Joseph, Michigan; Colonel Henry G., born Mar. 1, 1837, a druggist of Warren; Polly A., born Mar. 11, 1840, wife of Homer C. Reid, of Warren; Alice V., born June 9, 1848, wife of George M. Hull, residing in Virginia; Julia M., born July 10, 1855, wife of George H. Briscoe, residing in Atlanta, Georgia.  Harriet A. died in infancy.

     REV. A. R. KIEFFER, rector of Christ's church, Warren, was born in Alexandria, Huntingdon county, Pennsylvania, Apr. 2, 1842; son of Rev. Dr. M. Kieffer, for many years president of Heidelberg college, Tiffin, Ohio.  Mr. Kieffer graduated from Heidelberg in 1860.  At the first call for troops in the spring of 1861, he enlisted in the Eighth Ohio volunteer infantry, company A, and was in the service eighteeen months, when he was discharged on account of physical disa-

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bility.  Returning home, he entered the theological department of Heidelberg, and completed a course of study, but declined ordination to the ministry.  He was subsequently for a time a teacher in the Sandusky, Ohio, high school.  In 1870, having previously decided to enter the ministry of the Protestant Episcopal church, he entered the senior theological class at Kenyon college, Gambier, Ohio, and graduated the following year.  He was ordained a deacon of the Protestant Episcopal church by Bishop Bedell and sent to Ironton, Ohio, where he remained some three years, when he accepted a call to the rectorship of Christ church, Warren, delivering his first sermon here on the first Sunday after Easter, 1874.  Mr. Kieffer was married Dec. 25, 1866, to Miss Lissie Hall, daughter of Dr. Alexander Hall, a former prominent clergyman of the Disciple church and an author of a number of scientific works.  Mrs. Kieffer was born in Belmont county, Ohio, Mar. 3, 1848.  Two children is the result of their marriage: Alma Kate was born Dec. 19, 1868, and Augustus Bedell was born Oct. 14, 1871.

     REV. ALEXANDER JACKSON, pastor of the First Presbyterian church of Warren, was born in Glasgow, Scotland, Feb. 13, 1845.  When in his tenth year his father died, and his widowed mother's circumstances were such as to make it necessary for the son to depend upon his own labor for a livelihood.  He accordingly left school and sought employment in a book bindery, where he served a seven years' apprenticeship.  Possessing a studious disposition, he devoted whatever spare time he enjoyed to his books, and attended the evening classes at the normal school, thus fitting himself to enter college.  He attended the University of Glasgow for some time, and then entered the employ of a business house in Edinburgh, reserving a part of the time for study.  This arrangement enabled him to take a course of four years in the University of Edinburgh, and one in the Divinity school.  Mr. Jackson excelled in philosophical studies, and in a class of two hundred, was one of fifteen who won high honors.  A Duke of Hamilton scholarship was awarded him, and he returned to Glasgow University, where he was graduated.  He came to the United States in 1873, and continued his theological studies in the seminary at Auburn, New York.  He then entered the ministry, and was pastor of the Presbyterian church in Amenia about three and a half years.  He afterwards supplied pulpits in Newark, New Jersey, and in Chicago, until he was called to the pastorate of the church in Warren, Dec. 28, 1879.  Mr. Jackson was married Sept. 10, 1872, to Agnes, elder daughter of John Armstrong, of Townhead, Dumfriesshire, Scotland, and has three children.

     I. N. DAWSON, for many years mayor of Warren, was born in Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, Sept. 25, 1824.  He came to Ohio in 1850, and entered the employ of G. O. Griswold at Warren.  He afterwards became a member of the firm of Dawson, Hoyt & Co., manufacturers of oil, which business was continued several years.  His administration as mayor of Warren covered a longer period than that of any other man since the organization of the municipal government, and was highly satisfactory.  He also served years as justice of the peace in Warren.  He was a member of the Masonic lodge and Baptist church.  Mr. Dawson was married Feb. 28, 1852, to Nancy L., daughter of John and Sarah Reeves.  She was born in Howland township Aug. 16, 1825, and liberally educated at the common schools and seminary.  The family of Mr. and Mrs. Dawson consisted of four children, three of whom are living: William K., born Dec. 21, 1852, resides in Columbus; Lewis Reeves, born June 23, 1856; and Ella R., born June 13, 1858, wife of William C. Christy, of Youngstown.  Isaac N. Dawson died Aug. 20, 1878.  Mrs. Dawson resides in Warren.

     G. O. GRISWOLD, oldest son of Jesse and Fanny Griswold, was born in Meriden, Connecticut, Dec. 1, 1810.  When fourteen years old he commenced to do for himself, and was in an ivory comb factory and otherwise employed for six or seven years.  In May, 1831, he was married to Eliza Ann Bailey.  He engaged in the manufacture of sheet and wrought iron household implements, and then for a number of years in the manufacture of coffee-mills.  For three years subsequently he had charge of a foundry.  He came to Ohio in 1838, locating in Aurora.  In 1842 he removed to New Castle, Pennsylvania, and engaged for some six years in the linseed oil business.  Coming to Warren in 1849 he com-

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menced the business in which he is still engaged.  For the last three years it has been conducted as a branch of the Cleveland Oil works, and has done an extensive business, employing fourteen men.  The products of his manufacture find a market in Cleveland and the East, the oil cake also being shipped to Cleveland.  Mr. Griswold has been twice married, lastly in 1837 to Miss Maria M. Merriman, a native of Connecticut, and by this marriage has had three children, all of whom died in infancy.  He has been a member of the council several terms.  Mr. Griswold has made his success in life by his own efforts, having no start in life and beginning on $4 per month.

     COLONEL HENRY G. STRATTON, youngest son of Rev. William O. and Anna M. Stratton, was born in Canfield, Mahoning county, Ohio, Mar. 1, 1839.  He was brought up on a farm, attending the common schools, completing his education at Poland academy.  In the fall of 1854 he entered the employ, as clerk, of E. A. Smith, druggist of Warren, with whom he remained six years, when, in January, 1860, he was admitted as partner.  In May following he was burned out and the firm dissolved, but afterwards in connection with Lewis Hoyt, under firm name of Hoyt & Stratton, resumed business, and has since been engaged in the drug business in Warren, though with various partners, the firm now being H. G. Stratton & Co. Apr. 27, 1861, he enlisted in company C, afterward attached to the Nineteenth Ohio volunteer infantry, and was elected first lieutenant under Captain N. A. Barrett, was ordered to West Virginia and was at the battle of Rich Mountain.  After four months service he was mustered out at Camp Chase, Columbus, Ohio.  Soon after returning home he recruited a company, raising sixty-three men in three days.  He was elected captain of the company, which was afterwards known as company C, and attached to the Nineteenth Ohio volunteer infantry, and sent on detached duty to Kentucky.  Colonel Stratton was afterwards in some of the fiercest engagements of the war—at Pittsburg Landing, Corinth, and at Stone River, where Colonel Stratton acted as major.  The regiment suffered severely in this battle, 236 out of 456 men and officers being killed and wounded.  Colonel Stratton was himself severely wounded, being shot through the right hip.  He returned home on account of his injury, remaining about four months, when he returned to the army on crutches and was placed on court martial duty.  He was promoted to major and subsequently to lieutenant-colonel.  When the army moved from Murfreesboro he went with his regiment.  At the battle of Chickamauga Colonel Stratton was in command of the regiment.  He was in the engagement at Mission Ridge, and after the battle was ordered to the relief of Burnside at Knoxville, where his regiment re-enlisted as veteran volunteers, and after a brief furlough rejoined the army of the Cumberland at Dalton, Tennessee, and afterwards took part in the Atlanta campaign at Resaca, New Hope Church, Kenesaw Mountain, Peach Tree Creek (a sharp and brilliant engagement), and taking part in the siege of Atlanta.  The campaign closed at Lovejoy Station, where Colonel Manderson was wounded, and the command of the regiment devolved upon Colonel Stratton.  Returning to Atlanta he took part in the pursuit of Hood and subsequently returned with Thomas to Pulaski and Columbia, Tennessee.  He participated in the battles of Franklin and Nashville, where the regiment suffered heavily, pursuing the enemy to Huntsville, Alabama, where they went into winter quarters.  After a long and eminently successful military career Colonel Stratton, on account of physical disability, caused by his wound, resigned, and was mustered out at Huntsville, Alabama, Feb 13, 1865.  Oct. 14, 1868, he was married to Miss Susan R., daughter of General T. J. McLean, of Warren, and has one daughter, Flora May, born in 1873.

     SAMUEL FISHER DICKEY, son of Samuel Dickey, was born in Londonderry, New Hampshire, on the 11th of June, 1820.  He attended academy in New Hampshire in 1843.  He, with his father's family, came to Warren and settled on a farm.  He was married in 1846 to Mary A. Parker, of Litchfield, New Hampshire.  They have three children—Edward L., Fannie M. (wife of M. O. Messer), and Elizabeth LMr. Dickey has been city engineer since 1867, and continues to reside on his farm at Warren.  He has been a member of the board of education for five years.  He has been an elder in the Presbyterian church for thirty years.

     AARON WENTZ was born in Pennsylvania Feb. 22, 1817.  When seven years old his

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parents removed to Binghamton, New York, where, after obtaining a business education, he entered upon mercantile pursuits.  In 1838 he engaged in business in New York city.  Nine years later he came to Warren, and in partnership with Mr. Parks, under the firm name of Parks & Wentz, opened a store.  Mr. Parks retired in 1868, since which time Mr. Wentz has continued the business alone.  His line is general dry goods and groceries.  He married in 1847 Miss Sarah A. Hunt, who died in 1870.  He married for his second wife, Julia, daughter of Hiram Baldwin, a former esteemed citizen of Warren.

     COLUMBUS WARD, mayor of Warren, was born in Ashtabula county, Ohio, May 29, 1834.  His parents, William and Mary (Williams) Ward, were pioneers of Ashtabula county.  He married in 1853, and has a family of four children: C. S., physician and surgeon; Augustus, William C., and AlmonMr. Ward renmoved from Ashtabula county to Warren in 1865, and engaged as book keeper for G. O. Griswold.  From 1867 till 1878 he was in the insurance business.  In August, 1878, Mr. Ward was elected by the council to the mayoralty in place of I. N. Dawson, deceased.  At the following spring election he was re-chosen to that office, and again re-elected in 1881.  Mayor Ward gives close attention to municipal affairs, and is well regarded as a public official.

     HENRY C. CHRISTY is the son of Matthias and Jane Christy, and was born in Howland township, Mar. 23, 1847.  He remained on the farm till 1867, when he entered mercantile business as a clerk for W. H. Smith & Co.  The firm of Kirk & Christy was formed in 1868, composed of Isaac Kirk and H. C. ChristyHoward C. Bradley has since been admitted into the partnership.  Their trade consists of hard ware, house findings, and agricultural implements.  Mr. Christy married in 1877, Miss Mary Hunter, of Howland township.

     CYRUS J. VanGORDER, son of James L. and Elizabeth VanGorder, was born in Suffield, Portage county, Ohio, in 1815.  Sept. 23, 1840, he married Miss Jane Seeley, daughter of Sylvanus and Mary Seeley.  They have one daughter and one son - Mrs. John Kinsman, of Warren, and George S.  Mr. VanGorder was in business with his father for many years, and was one of the originators of the Warren Gas works.  In regard to his efforts in this direction the Scientific American of Jan. 17, 1863, says:
Mr. C. J. VanGorder, of Warren, Ohio, conceiving it his duty to provide a better illumination for his fellow-townsmen, went to work and erected a coal gas manufactory, without any further knowledge of the process than that which he has derived from reading the various articles relating to it published from time to time in the Scientific American.  His experience in overcoming obstacles and local prejudices has been no exception to the general rule, but he has the satisfaction of having triumphed over all of them, both material and mental, and the pleasure of seeing his scheme in successful operation, and his work appreciated by his towns men.

     JAMES G. BROOKS, oldest son of Oliver J. Brooks and Althea Gilbert, was born in Warren, Ohio, Apr. 22, 1831.  His father, who is still living, in Chicago, was born in New Jersey in 1795, and came to Warren about 1816 or 1817.  Oliver Brooks, the father of Oliver J., came out several years earlier, about 1808.  Oliver, Jr., was engaged in the tanning business for many years in Warren, with his brother, the firm being R. S. & O. J. Brooks.  He raised a family of three sons and three daughters.  James G. Brooks, in 1848, commenced as clerk with E. Hoyt & Co., where he remained some three years.   In 1852 he purchased, in connection with Warren Packard, the business of Harmon & Co., and has been constantly in trade since, although the partnership has undergone several changes.  In the winter of 1882 the interest of Warren Packard was purchased and the present firm of Babbitt, Brooks & Smith formed, who do an extensive business, both wholesale and retail.  Mr. Brooks was married in 1855 to Miss Maria Bennett, by whom he had two daughters, Helen, wife of J. P. Stephenson, of Ottawa, Kansas, and Mary, wife of James McCormick, of Warren.  His wife died in 1862, and in 1877 he married Caroline M. Pennock.  By this marriage he has two children, Alice and James D.

     E. P. BABBITT was born in Morris county, New Jersey, Apr. 19, 1841.  He received a common school education, and engaged in mercantile pursuits, in which he continued until coming to Ohio, in 1865.  He entered the employ of Warren Packard as traveling salesman until Jan. 1, 1869, when he was admitted to partnership.  The firm name was Packard, Cook & Co., afterward Warren Packard & Co.  Mr. Packard retired from the firm Jan. 1, 1882, when the present firm of Babbitt, Brooks & Smith was

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formed.  This firm is doing an extensive whole sale and retail business. November, 1868, Mr. Babbitt married Miss L. A. Adams, of Morris county, New Jersey.  They are the parents of three children, Mary E., Edward A., and Sarah A.  Mr. Babbitt is a member of the Presbyterian church and superintendent of the Sabbath school.

     AUGUSTUS L. Van GORDER, son of Isaac Van Gorder, one of the early settlers of Warren township, was born in Warren in 1823.  He followed carpentering and painting for several years.  In the fall of 1861 he removed to Bowling Green, Wood county, Ohio, where he remained for two years, engaged in farming.  He then returned to Trumbull county, where he was engaged at farming until his death, which occurred in May, 1869.  He married for his first wife Mary L. Beardsley, daughter of Curtis and Sophia Beardsley, of Canfield township, and had a family of six children, of whom three are living.  His first wife died in July, 1859, and in 1860 he married Alice E. Hunt, by whom he had three children, who, with their mother, now reside in Madison, Lake county.

     HENRY L. Van GORDER, son of Augustus L. and Mary S. Van Gorder, was born in Warren, July 30, 1850.  At the age of seventeen he commenced as clerk in the drug store of which he is now an owner, then the firm of Hoyt, Stratton & Hapgood.  After an absence of two years on-the home place, he returned to his former position in the same store with the new firm of Hoyt & Spear.  For a couple of years he was on the road selling agricultural implements.  He became a member of the firm of Hoyt, Bradford & Co.  In the spring of 1882 the firm was changed to Bradford & Van Gorder, wholesale and retail drugs, groceries, etc.

     MRS. DORAS (BOYLE) GASKILL was born in Butler county, Pennsylvania, July 30, 1827.  Her father, John Sullivan Boyle, was of English ancestry but of Irish birth, born in Castletown, Ireland. He came to the United States about the year 1820, and spent several years in traveling, subsequently locating in Butler county, Pennsylvania, where he engaged in teaching school.  He married in Butler county, Nancy Dunlap, whose father was a large landholder there, and an early resident of the county.  About 1830 Mr. Boyle removed to Warren, where he was engaged in teaching and in other pursuits, being for some time a clerk in the office of General Perkins.  He died at the residence of his daughter, the subject of this sketch, in April, 1865, at the age of nearly eighty years, surviving the death of his wife only a few weeks.  They were the parents of nine children, four of whom grew to mature age. Mrs. Gaskill received her early education at private schools in Warren.  She was an apt pupil, and attained such proficiency in her studies that before she had reached her thirteenth year she began teaching a private school in Warren.  She subsequently attended the Willoughby (Ohio) Collegiate institute, and also the Western Reserve seminary at Farmington, Ohio, where she completed her education.  Her connection with the Union schools of Warren, which continued for a period of about twenty years, began under the superintendency of Mr. Leggett.  She has taught in private schools in Warren for nearly an equal length of time; and so, for upwards of forty successive years, with the exception of two years - 1875 and 1876 - during which she was matron of the Chicago Female college, she has been thus prominently identified with the educational interests of the place.  As a teacher she was very popular, and her career, pursued not without difficulties often, has been attended with much success.  She was married Apr. 5, 1848, to Peter Gaskill, of Warren, and has a family of three children.

     ALONZO TRUESDELL was born in Hartford county, Connecticut, on the 14th of July, 1822.  When nine years of age he came to Trumbull county with his parents, who settled in Vienna, where his father is still living upwards of ninety years of age.  His mother died many years ago.  They reared three children, of whom two are living - Ambrose in Vienna, and the subject of this sketch in Warren.  Mr. Alonzo Truesdell came to Warren in 1839, where about 1850 he engaged in the furniture business, in which he has been engaged ever since.  In the spring of 1859 he formed a partnership with Mr. Townsend, which has existed since.  The firm manufactures furniture, selling at wholesale from the factory and retailing from the store.  Mr. Truesdell was married in 1849 to Esther S. King, and has three children - Charles, a finisher in the factory; Walter K., a farmer and county surveyor in Pawnee county, Kansas; and Frank W., ed-

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itor and proprietor of the Petroleum World newspaper, at Titusville, Pennsylvania.

     C. A. ADAMS, oldest son of Asahel and Lucy (Mygatt) Adams, was born in Warren, Ohio, Dec. 18, 1818.  Asahel Adams was born in Connecticut and came to Ohio with his father, Asahel, Sr., about the year 1802. The family settled in Liberty township, Trumbull county, where they cleared up a place which is still in possession of the family.  C. A. Adams received a common school and academic education and was brought up to mercantile pursuits.  He began in trade in Warren in 1837, and continued there several years.  He was one of the proprietors of the Western Reserve Chronicle for some ten years, firm of Adams & Hapgood, and for a time of Adams, Hapgood & Ritezel.  He was postmaster of Warren four years under Taylor and Fillmore, and was deputy-collector of United States internal revenue for Trumbull county during the war of 1861–65.  He resigned this position in 1865 and removed to Cleveland.  After removing to Cleveland he engaged in mercantile business, organizing the firm of Adams, Osborn & GoodwillieMr. Osborn afterwards retired and Mr. Adams continued with Mr. Goodwillie under the firm name of Adams & Goodwillie, until 1879, when he retired from active business.  He was married in 1863 to Mrs. K. E. Denis, and has a family of two daughters and two sons.

     SAMUEL PEW came from Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, to Trumbull county as early as 1809, and located on what is now the Dr. Woods property, west of Warren.  He brought his wife and one child, and all his worldly goods with a single horse.  The mother and child, with a feather bed, were carried by the horse, while Mr. Pew footed it, carrying his gun.  After improving the place on which he first located, he sold out and bought where Henry Ernst now lives.  He finally purchased four hundred acres where his son Seymour now lives, which was his permanent home.  He died at the home of his son, S. H. Pew, about 1855.  His wife's maiden name was Elizabeth Downey, whom he survived about two years.  He had thirteen children, all of whom were born in Ohio, except the oldest.  Only two are now living - Seymour, and Horace, who lives in Bazetta township.  Seymour Pew was born on the place where he still lives in Warren township, in 1816.  He received from his father a farm of one hundred acres in Lordstown township, where he lived for some time.  He then bought the home place where he has since lived.  He was married Dec. 25, 1840, to Sarah J. Snyder, and has had seven children, only three of whom survive - H. S., John, and Laura J. Swisher, who lives at New Straitsville, Ohio.  The two sons are engaged in the crockery, china, and silver-plated ware business in Warren, under the firm name of Pew & BrotherH. S. Pew was married in 1865 to Julia, daughter of Richard Elliott, a resident of Champion township, and has three children - Kirt E., Addie L., and Fred C.

     JULES VAUTROT, son of Francis and Marie, was born in France Oct. 17, 1819, and with his parents came to this country in 1834, the family settling near Meadville, Pennsylvania.  When sixteen he commenced an apprenticeship at the jewelers' trade in Pittsburg, and afterwards worked in Louisville, Kentucky, two years.  In 1849 he came to Warren, Ohio, and for nearly two years was in the employ of Walter King.  He then engaged in business for himself and is still engaged in the same, having had partners at various times.  The firm is now Vautrot & Hull.  He was married in November, 1844, to Miss Rosella Gandillot, who was born in France in 1825, and has one son and one daughter, Jules J. and Julia.  Mrs. Vautrot died in 1856.  Mr. Vautrot was formerly a director in the Trumbull National bank, of Warren, and is now connected with the Second National.  His son Jules was a member of the Eighty-fourth Ohio volunteer infantry in the war of the Rebellion, and was at the battle of Cumberland in 1862.  In 1864 he was in the one hundred day service, being a corporal in the One Hundred and Seventy-first Ohio national guards, and was taken prisoner with his regiment at Cynthiana, Kentucky.

     CALEB PECK was born in Cambridge, Massachusetts, in 1799; came to Ohio in 1820, and Nov. 1, 1832, was married to Rebecca J. Porter, who was born in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania, Jan. 27, 1813. Her parents, Francis and Sarah Porter, came to Ohio in 1826, settling in Howland township, afterwards, about 1831, removing to Champion, where he died in May, 1860.  Mr. Peck, the subject of our sketch, was a resident of Warren from 1836 to 1860, engaged in the grocery trade, when he was

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burnt out, losing about $10,000.  He then moved to the place now occupied by the family.  He died Dec. 3, 1880.  His widow is still living.  They have five children, namely: A. F., born in 1833, in Warren, George S., 1844, also in Warren; Elizabeth S., married and residing in Illinois, Alanson J., born in 1853, conducting the home place; Mary J., born in 1857, at home.  Mr. Peck was a member of the Disciple church.

     BENJAMIN H. PECK, oldest son of Harvey and Susan Peck, was born in New Haven county, Connecticut, July 18, 1824.  He attended anacademy at Orange and taught school for two or three years, remaining at home until of age.  In 1847 he came to Mercer county, Pennsylvania, and engaged in mercantile business; went to Pittsburg in 1849, where he was engaged in business two or three years.  He came to Warren, Ohio, in the spring of 1854, where he started in the dry goods business, soon after taking into partnership his brother, H. Peck, and has since done a successful business. The firm is Peck & Brother.  Dec. 26, 1876, he was married to Miss Margaret Matthews, a native of Ireland, born in June, 1845, who came to this country with her parents in 1846, the family settling in Farmington.  Mr. and Mrs. Peck are the parents of one daughter and one son, namely: Lina, born Mar. 23, 1878; Harvey, born Oct. 29, 1879.

     A. HOELZ emigrated to this country from Germany in 1854; resided in New York fifteen years; then removed to Greenville, Pennsylvania, where he remained eleven years, coming thence to Warren in the spring of 1880.  He engaged in the merchant tailoring business, which he still continues under the firm name of A. Hoelz & Son, and which he has been engaged in most of the time since coming to America.

     DAVID ADAMS and his wife Deborah (Thorn), originally from the State of New York, removed with their family to Erie county, Pennsylvania, and thence to Trumbull county, Ohio, in 1842 or 1843.  They settled first in Lordstown township, on a place now belonging to John McKee, but shortly afterwards moved into Warren township.  About 1846 Mr. Adams bought of Judge King the Aaron Reeves place, in Warren township, where he lived until his death, which took place in 1871, at the age of seventy-eight.  His widow is still living with other children on the old place, and is now eighty-eight years of age, though still smart and active.  A. H. Adams, a son of David and Deborah Adams, was born in Galway, Saratoga county, New York, in 1821, and removed with his parents to Trumbull county.  He married in 1856 Sarah E. Brockway, who had been a teacher in the public schools of Warren for three years.  Her father, Noah T. Brockway, was one of the early settlers in the vicinity of Warren, where Mrs. Adams was born in 1828.  Mr. and Mrs. Adams are the parents of six children, who are living—Louise M., Clara L., Marvin E., Alonzo H., Sarah E., and Charles E.  Mr. Adams has been engaged, to a considerable extent, in the insurance business and also in patents.  He formerly dealt largely in butter and cheese and in wool.

     JAMES H. SMITH, son of Philander W. and Martha F. Smith, was born in Monroe county, New York, Sept. 6, 1834.  His father removed with his family to Ohio in 1837, and settled in Bazetta, Trumbull county, where he spent the balance of his life.  He was a carpenter by trade.  He raised a family of three daughters and eight sons, of whom nine are living.  He died Apr. 30, 1860, and his wife Dec. 9, 1867.  Mr. Smith was a soldier of the War of 1812.  James H. Smith came to Warren in 1850 and commenced clerking in the hardware store of George K. Reynolds.  He was in similar positions in New York city and Janesville, Wisconsin, for several years.  Returning to Warren from New York city, he commenced with Mr. J. P. Freer, the firm name being Freer & Smith, in the grocery business.  In April, 1864, he enlisted in the One Hundred and Seventy-fifth Ohio national guard; was wounded at the battle of Cynthiana, Kentucky, was mustered out at Johnson's island, Aug. 22, 1864.  He was married November 16th, of the same year, to Miss Mary A. Douglass, daughter of Thomas Douglass, and has one daughter - Zell Patti, born Nov. 18, 1867.

     G. T. TOWNSEND was born in Youngstown, Ohio, in 1813.  His father, John F. Townsend, a native of Wilmington, Delaware, came to Youngstown from Red Stone, Pennsylvania, as early as 1806.  He was a hatter by trade, which he followed for many years, finally removing to a

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farm at Girard.  He married, in Mercer county, Pennsylvania, about 1808, Anna Watson, and reared six children, of whom all but one are living.  He died in Youngstown at the age of eighty-four.  Mr. G. T. Townsend at the age of sixteen commenced to learn the cabinet trade in Youngstown, and afterwards worked at the trade in Pittsburg, Pennsylvania.  In May, 1859, he came to Warren, Ohio, and engaged in the furniture business in partnership with Alonzo Truesdell, who had established the business some years previous.  In exactly one year afterwards the firm were burned out.  They immediately rebuilt, but the elements seemed determined upon their destruction.  They were subsequently burned out three times, and in 1879 a tornado damaged their store and stock to the amount of $2,000.  Messrs. Truesdell & Townsend have been in business together for nearly a quarter of a century.  Mr. Townsend in 1836 was married to Miss Mary L. Kellogg.  His family at one time consisted of three children, but only one is now living.


     JAMES WILSON, a native of Ohio, lived on a farm in Warren township about sixty years.  Nancy, his wife, a native of Maryland, is still living.  Mr. Wilson died in 1879, aged seventy-nine years.  They had fourteen children, eleven of whom arrived at years of maturity.  Six sons and three daughters are still living, viz: Catharine (Beach), Harriet (Curtis), Laura (Masters), William H., Corwin V., James F., Edward B., and Welty J. Five of the sons are ministers of the Methodist Episcopal church. J. F. Wilson is an attorney at Warren.  Rev. W. J. Wilson, the second son, is now pastor of the Kinsman and Gustavus Methodist churches.  He was born in 1839.  He graduated from Allegheny college in 1866, and followed teaching six years.  Four years of this time he was superintendent of the union schools in Washington, Pennsylvania.  In 1872 he entered the ministry and has since labored in Trumbull and Mahoning counties.  He was married, in 1866, to Emma N. Whittlesey, of Atwater, Portage county. Their four children are May M., Lou N., John W., and Roy C. Mr. Wilson's ministerial work has been greatly blessed, and he is deservedly popular.

     SIMON R. ESTABROOK was born in Holden, Worcester county, Massachusetts, in 1805, and came to Trumbull county, Ohio, in the fall of 1835.  His first wife Frances (Scarborough), whom he married in Brooklyn, Connecticut, died before his removal to Ohio, leaving him one child, a daughter, now the wife of Professor Newton, of Oberlin college.  He married for his second wife Mary Bushnell, a daughter of General Andrews Bushnell, of Hartford township, and resided in that township a year or two, but afterwards lived where his son James now lives, up the river in Warren township, where he owned some three hundred acres of land.  He had bought the place where his daughters now live, and was improving it when, one morning

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(July 7, 1871), while crossing the railroad bridge on the main line of the Atlantic & Great Western railroad, he was run over and almost instantly killed by a passenger train.  He was an active and valued member of the Presbyterian church, and a highly esteemed citizen.  By his second marriage he had four sons and two daughters named as follows: James A., Simon, David B., Frederick A., Mary B., and Ellen M. Simon, David, and Frederick are dead—the last named being drowned when about thirteen, while trying to save a comrade, with whom he was in swimming in the Mahoning river.  James resides on the home place, married Martha Aldridge, and has four children.  The daughters reside in Warren, and are unmarried.  Ella has been a teacher in the public schools of Warren.  Mrs. Mary Estabrook died October, 1879, aged about sixty-four.

     ULYSSES J. ADGATE, son of John H. and Nancy (Hover) Adgate, was born in Warren, Dec. 8, 1828.  John H. Adgate was a native of New London, Connecticut, where he was born in 1791, and came with his father, John H. Adgate, Sr., to Trumbull county, Ohio, in 1800.  John Adgate, Sr., was the owner of twelve hundred acres of land, southeast of and adjoining Warren.  John H. Adgate, Jr., was a farmer by occupation.  He married previous to the War of 1812, Nancy, daughter of Emanuel Hover, a pioneer of Warren.  They raised a family of eight children, of whom five are living.  He was a soldier in the War of 1812.  In 1857 he moved to Kansas, where he died in April, 1861.  Mrs. Adgate died in February, 1855.  Ulysses J. married July 4, 1855, Jane, daughter of William A. Davidson, a former resident of Farmington township.  They have had three children, of whom two are living, William A., and Margaret M., wife of Edward Bratton, a resident of Howland township.  Frank died when four years old.  Mr. Adgate was a resident of Kansas some four years, commencing with 1857.  Returning to Ohio, he enlisted the Nineteenth Ohio volunteer infantry, and participated in the battles of Pittsburg Landing, Chickamauga, and Chattanooga; was at the siege of Atlanta, went in pursuit of Hood, and was at the battles of Nashville and Franklin, Tennessee; afterwards went to Texas, and continued in the service until after the close of the war,
making in all over four years.  He was mustered out at Columbus in December, 1865.  Returning to civil life, he resumed his farm life on his place in Warren township, where he has since resided.

     JOHN L. SMITH, son of Johnson and Susan Smith, was born in Port Patrick, Scotland, Aug. 31, 1841.  In 1845 his parents removed to Grimsby, England, where his father was a contractor on the government docks.  He was killed at New Holland in 1848.  In 1853 the widow, with her family, came to the United States, locating in Cleveland, Ohio, where all but the subject of this sketch still reside.  He followed the occupation of gardener until learning the trade of stone-cutter.  Aug. 31, 1862, he enlisted in company C, Nineteenth Ohio volunteer infantry, and was in the battle of Stone River, and was one of the three of whom special mention was made for bravery in that battle.  At the battle of Chickamauga, September 19th, he was captured and was an inmate of Libby prison and of other places, finally escaping from Danville with other prisoners was recaptured in the Blue Ridge mountains, bucked and gagged and returned to Danville.  From there he was taken to Andersonville and experienced all the horrors of that place for seven months.  Upon the approach of General Sherman he was removed to Florence, South Carolina. Dec. 9, 1864, he was paroled, and returned home on furlough.   Early in 1865 he joined his regiment at Nashville, Tennessee, and was finally discharged June 12th, the war having ended.  Returning from the army he came to Warren and with Barnhart Goehring, under the firm name of Goehring & Smith, engaged in contracting and building, in which they did an extensive business.  In 1874 Mr. Smith purchased the interest of his partner, and has since carried on the business.  He was elected county commissioner of Trumbull county in the fall of 1879, and is the first officer of that kind elected from Warren township in forty-five years.  He is also chief of the fire department.  Mar. 25, 1869, he married Carrie G. Tovey, of Cleveland, and has two sons, Albert C. and William T.

     DAVID B. GILMORE was born in Warren, Ohio, June 14, 1819.  He is the oldest son of William and Mary GilmoreWilliam Gilmore, a native of Pennsylvania, came to Ohio about 1810, and settled in Warren, where he conducted

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the business of tanner and currier for William Quigley, on what is now Park avenue, for a few years.  Of his six children but two survive, David B. and James A., residents of Philadelphia.  He died in 1853.  David B., when seventeen, commenced an apprenticeship at cabinet-making.  He entered into partnership in 1840, with his former employer, William Williams, for one year, when he bought him out and the business was continued under different firms until 1857.  He was elected county treasurer in the fall of 1857 and re-elected in 1859, serving four years.  In 1862, he engaged in the boot and shoe business, under the firm of Cranage & Gilmore, for two years.  From 1865 to 1871 he conducted the Gilmore house (now the Clifford house).  He  afterwards engaged in the furniture trade till the spring of 1879, when he retired from business.  He has been twice married; in 1842, to Charlotte T. Jameson, the result of which marriage are the following children: Wallace J., born in August, 1843, and Charlotte J., born in January, 1851, now wife of William R. Case, residing in Philadelphia.  Mrs. Gilmore died Apr. 25, 1867, and Mar. 30, 1881, he married Susan Moyer, daughter of Gideon Moyer, a former resident of Warren.

     JOHN CRATSLEY, was born in Ontario county, New York, May 23, 1829.  He was the youngest son of Frederick and Emma (Chamberlin) Cratsley.  He came with his parents to Ohio in 1836.  The family located in Vienna township, Trumbull county, where he remained until his twenty-fifth year.  Nov. 6, 1856, he married Mary J., daughter of Hugh and Jane (Campbell) LoveHugh Love was born in Westmoreland county, Pennsylvania, in 1805, and came with his parents to Hubbard township, where his father was one of the pioneers.  He continued to reside in the township until 1868, when (coal having been discovered on his place as early as 1840) he sold out to Chauncey Andrews and removed to Warren, purchasing the Judge Brown place, where he lived until his death, which occurred May 16, 1881, and that of his wife a year before.  They raised a family of eight children, all of whom are living.  He was an active member and liberal supporter of the church.  Mr. and Mrs. Cratsley are the parents of two children, one son and one daughter, as follows: Albert B., born Feb. 26, 1858, now teaching school in Hubbard; and Emma J., born in Vienna Dec. 4, 1859.  Mr. Cratsley held several township offices in Howland, of which he was a resident some six teen years, removing from there to Warren in 1881.

     JOSIAH SOULE, SR. was born in Plimpton, Massachusetts, in 1796.  He traced his descent directly back to George Soule who came over in the Mayflower.  He (Josiah Soule) came from Massachusetts in 1817 and settled in Warren.  His trade was that of builder and contractor.  He served in the War of 1812.  He died in 1872.  He married Sally Young, sister of Warren Young, born in Wareham, Massachusetts, in 1799.  His widow is still living in Warren.  They raised eleven children of whom four are living, as follows: Josiah, Jr., Isaac, and Harrison, in Illinois; and Miss Julia Soule, of Warren.

     JOSIAH SOULE, JR. was born in Warren May 29, 1819; married, in 1843, Ann, daughter of John Ratliff.  She died in 1857, aged about thirty-three years.  She was the mother of one son and one daughter.  The former died in infancy and the latter is the wife of Howard B. Weir.  In 1861 Mr. Soule was again married to Malvina Kellogg, whose father, Charles Kellogg, moved from Connecticut, settling in Gustavus.  By this marriage he has one son, Henry Bishop, born Sept. 24, 1865.  His second wife died June 4, 1871.  Mr. Soule is a contractor and builder, having learned the trade when he was young.

     CAMDEN CLEVELAND, young Camden Cleveland was a native of Canterbury, Connecticut, and was born in April, 1778.  On May 25, 1800, he married Betsey Adams, and the same year came out and located land in Liberty township, Trumbull county, returning for his wife and settling in 1801.  He cleared up a farm in Liberty and lived there until 1814, when he removed to Youngstown township, locating on the place now owned by Jacob Stambaugh, where he lived until his death.  He was a judge of Warren at an early day.  He was an early school-teacher in Youngstown township, and had a grist-mill there known as the Cleveland mill.  Judge Cleveland was a younger brother of Moses Cleaveland, for whom the Forest City was named.  He died Mar. 13, 1826.  Five of his seven children are still living.  Mrs. Betsey Cleveland died August, 1867.

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     BENJAMIN NEWPORT ROBBINS was born in Maryland in 1799, and when about one year old removed with his parents to Ohio. He was a farmer by occupation. About 1838 or 1839 he was elected county treasurer of Trumbull county and afterwards re elected. He was subsequently elected sheriff, which position he also filled two terms. He married, on the 3d of May, 1827, Eliza Payne, daughter of Camden Cleveland, who was born in Liberty township, Trumbull county, Ohio, Aug. 29, 1806, and who still resides in Warren.  Three children were born of this marriage - Laura Newport, wife of Homer Baldwin, of Youngstown; Charles Cleveland, of Mesopotamia; and Albert A., of Youngstown.  Mr. Robbins died Dec. 30, 1876.


     CYRUS BOSWORTH was a native of Plymouth county, Massachusetts, born in 1791.  He married Sina Strowbridge in Massachusetts.  Coming to Ohio in the fall of 1813, he subsequently entered into mercantile business in Warren, also kept public house where the Park hotel now stands.  He was elected sheriff about 1826, filling that position two terms.  He also represented his district in the Legislature.  He was an elder in the Disciple church.  He was the father of seven children, all of whom are living.  He died in April, 1861.  His daughter, Elizabeth S., born in Warren, May 12, 1821, became the wife of J. G. Calender, who was born in Poultney, Vermont, in 1815.  At the time of his marriage he was residing at Newton Falls, engaged in the manufacture of stone pumps.  In 1863, he purchased a flouring mill in Milton, Mahoning county.  He also owned a tow mill, woolen-factory, and saw-mills, at Price's Mills, in the same township, and was an enterprising business man there for many years.
He died May 24, 1872.  He was county auditor of Trumbull county for two terms, elected first about 1840. In 1875, Mrs. Calender came to Warren where she has since resided.

     LEMUEL G. MATHEWS, son of James and Mary (Calhoun) Mathews, was born in Liberty township, Trumbull county, Ohio, Jan. 2, 1815.  James Mathews was born in Pennsylvania, in 1769, and came to Ohio in 1799, settling in Liberty township.  In 1828 he removed to Warren township, and settled in the woods on the farm now owned by his son L. G., where he spent the rest of his life, and where he died in 1834.  He was a soldier in the War of 1812.  He married in Pennsylvania, previous to his removing to Ohio, Mary Calhoun who was born in 1776, and died at the age of eighty two.  They raised a family of twelve children, of whom but two survive: Betsey, widow of Loren W. Hulburt, residing in Portage county, and L. G., the subject of this sketch.  Lemuel G. married in 1840, Jane, daughter of James Pew, an early settler of Lordstown.  They have had six children, of whom our are living: Alfred J., born in 1841, died at the age of twenty-four; Mary Jane, wife of Carlos Williams, resides on the home place; Edward F. resides on a farm adjoining his father; Priscilla Annie, now wife of Edwin Park, a resident of Lordstown; Lottie J., still at home.  Her twin brother died in infancy.  Mr. Mathews owns the home place and occupies a fine residence built in 1858.

     JOEL DOWNS was born in Sandersfield, Berkshire county, Massachusetts, in 1772.  He married in New York Lois Mansfield, and came to Ohio in the fall of 1816.  He settled in Southington, Trumbull county, where he resided a short time; also in Howland, coming to Warren in 1818.  He lived in Warren in the south part of the town until 1835, when he removed to the place on Parkman road known as Hard-scrabble, and cleared up a place there.  He raised a family of seven children, of whom  three sons survive.  He died in the fall of 1862, his wife surviving him some nine years and dying aged about seventy-seven.  Mr. Downs was a soldier of the War of 1812.

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     WILSON DOWNS, son of Joel, was born May 16, 1826.  He learned the trade of stone-mason and brick-layer, and has since followed his trade, being now engaged in building and contracting.  He married, Nov. 25, 1852, Miss Elizabeth Hardman, born in Weathersfield Sept. 13, 1831.  Their children are Mary M., wife of J. R. Porter, of Warren, born Mar. 24, 1854; Francis C., Apr. 9, 1857; Charles W., Sept. 15, 1859; Add E., Apr. 24, 1862; Bert B., Apr. 26, 1866.

     JAMES A. BLACKBURN youngest son of James and Eliza (McClellan) Blackburn, was born in Canfield, Mahoning county, Ohio, February 12, 1837.  James Blackburn, Sr., was born in Poland township, Mahoning county.  He married April 10, 1832, Eliza McClellan, daughter of an early settler. She was born November 13, 1806.  They raised a family of six children, all of whom are living. The family continued to live in what is now Mahoning county until 1840, when they removed to Braceville township, Trumbull county, where they lived until the spring of 1866, when they moved to Warren township, where they spent the remainder of their lives. Mrs. Blackburn died Nov. 23, 1869, and Mr. Blackburn, Feb. 20, 1872.  James A., Jr., resides on the home place. He was elected justice of the peace in 1870 and re-elected in 1882.




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     WILLIAM OSBORN, was born in Fayette county, Pennsylvania, Nov. 1, 1804.  He is the oldest son of Richard and Sarah Osborn.  With his parents he removed to Stark county in 1808, and to Trumbull county in 1815, settling in Lordstown township. Richard, the father of William, raised a family of two daughters and four sons, all of whom are living.  He died about 1860. He was a justice of the peace.  William remained on the farm until his marriage in 1825 to Sarah, daughter of John Jordan, an early settler of Poland township.  She was born in said township Jan. 20, 1801.  They were the parents of eleven children, seven of whom are living.  Mrs. Osborn died Sept. 21, 1851, and in 1855 he married Angeline Current, who was born in Howland township in 1825.  By this marriage there were six children, five of whom are living: William P., a resident of Niles; Ida M., wife of Frank Rufe, of Niles; Cora M., Frank E., and Warren C.  Three are still at home.  Mrs. Osborn died July 4, 1874.  After his marriage he settled in Lordstown township, where he cleared up a farm, and where he remained until 1848, when he removed to Warren township, purchasing the U. B. White farm.  In 1876 he moved to Warren, where he now resides.

     DAVID R. BYARD, son of David and Margaret Byard, was born in Youngstown, Ohio, Feb. 1, 1857.  His parents removed to Sharon, Pennsylvania, in 1862, where he entered a drug store as clerk at the age of twelve.  He resided there till 1873, when he came to Warren, and in June, 1874, commenced the drug business, which he is still engaged in.  His mother is still living, vigorous in mind and body.

     SANDS BOUTON, a native of Long Island, came to Ohio about 1835, and afterwards settled in Farmington township.  He was elected county recorder of Trumbull county and filled that position two terms.  He married Jennette Butler and raised a family of ten children; five daughters and two sons survive.  He was a long time member of the Presbyterian church; died in 1855 at Kansas City.  His daughter Jennette, born in New York State Mar. 19, 1819, married Isaac S. Scott in Warren, in 1839.  Mr. Scott was born in Vienna township, Trumbull county, in 1813; he died Apr. 30, 1879.  Mrs. Scott is still living.  She is the mother of one son and three daughters.  The son, Lucius J., enlisted in 1861 in the Nineteenth Ohio volunteer infantry, and was in the battles of Pittsburgh Landing and Stone River.  He was killed Jan. 2, 1863. Of the daughters Olive M. is the wife of Henry B. Weir, Mary E. of Frank Van Wormer; Emma D. is still at home.

     JOHN BROWN was born in Washington county, Pennsylvania, Mar. 17, 1789.  He came to Warren, Ohio, in 1806.  He was a hatter by trade and engaged in that business in Warren.  He was a volunteer in the War of 1812, serving six months.  He married Miss Elizabeth Rankin, born in New Jersey June 23, 1799.  She came with her parents to Ohio in 1806, passing through Warren and settling in Mesopotamia township, afterwards removing to Warren.  Mr. and Mrs. Brown were the parents of six children, of whom five are living.  He died Aug. 24, 1861; Mrs. Brown is still living; still smart for one of her advanced age.  Their daughter, Martha M., who occupies the old family residence built in 1816 by her father, was married Oct. 26, 1838, to James Ferguson, a cabinet maker by trade, and had one daughter, Mary E., born July 30, 1839, died May 7, 1861.  Mr. Ferguson died Sept. 2, 1840.

     ISAAC R. DALLY, was born in Warren Dec. 31, 1805.  His father, I. R. Dally, Sr., came to Ohio in 1800, settling on the place now owned by the subject of this sketch, on which a small clearing had been made by a man named Edward Jones, whose daughter Hannah was said to have been the first white child born in the county.  Isaac R. Dally, Sr., in 1792 married in Pennsylvania a daughter of Henry Lane, an early settler.  He had a family of nine children, of whom Isaac R., our subject, is the only survivor.  He resided on the home place until 1841, when he removed to Indiana, where he died Aug. 17, 1843.  Mrs. Dally died May 19, 1836.  Isaac was brought up to farming. Nov. 4, 1830, he married Margaret, daughter of John and Barbara Fusselman, early settlers of Warren, who settled in that township in 1814.  Mrs. Dally was born in Perry county, Pennsylvania, June 7, 1807.  They have had seven children, of whom four are living - two died when young: Henry Harrison, born August 7, 1831, now a resident of Newton Falls, Trumbull county; Noah U., Nov. 9, 1833, enlisted in 1862 in the Nineteenth Ohio volunteer infantry, and was wounded at Murfreesboro, from which he died at Nashville, Jan. 27, 1863; Lydia E., born Feb. 11, 1838, at home; Effie B., born Mar. 13, 1840, widow of Thomas M. Bradley, who died in 1863.  She has one son, Thomas M., born in
1862.  Minerva P., born July 19, 1847, wife of Leslie E. Osborn, a resident of Pennsylvania.  The first church service in Warren was held on the Dally place.  His father assisted in clearing up the public square, and in building the first jail in Warren.  Charles Dally came here a year or two previous, and settled on the place now owned by Mr. Dickey.

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     J. G. BUTLER, son of Joseph and Esther (Green) Butler, was born in Bellefonte, Center county, Pennsylvania, May 13, 1814.  He received his education at the common school and Bellefonte academy.  He married in 1835, Temperance Orwig.  Of their ten children five are still living, four sons and one daughter: Ithamar M., now a resident of Youngstown; J. G., superintendent and manager of Brier Hill Iron & Coal company; Miles G., a resident of Weathersfield township; James W., residing in Warren, and Emma E. at home.  Mr. Butler came from Pennsylvania in 1842 and settled at Niles.  He was clerk and bookkeeper for James Ward & Co. seventeen years, when he moved to Warren.  He was elected sheriff in 1860 and re-elected in 1862.  He had previously been township clerk in Weathersfield some years, also filled the same position in Warren township at a later date.  He is now engaged in the flour and feed business, which he engaged in for himself in the spring of 1879.  He is a member of the Independent Order Odd Fellows and now worthy chief patriarch of the encampment.

     A. E. LYMAN, a dentist of Warren, was born in Massachusetts, and came to this State in 1853.  He practiced this profession in Newton Falls, locating there in 1855, but after several years concluded to perfect a course in dental science, which he did in the Ohio Dental college, Cincinnati, graduating from that institution in 1859.  In 1866 he came to Warren, where he has built up for himself a successful business.  The doctor is one of the few dentists in this city who have taken a full professional course of lectures.  He is well patronized, and deservedly so.  His operating chair is one of the latest improved, and his office is supplied with all the best instruments and appliances used in the profession.  Dr. Lyman was married to Miss Sarah Rudolph, a cousin of Mrs. James A. Garfield.

     PETER LYNN, oldest son of Adam and Rachel Lynn, was born in Trumbull (now Mahoning) county, Apr. 20, 1828.  In early life he followed the trade of shoemaking, but in later years has followed farming.  In 1849 he was married to Miss Sarah Wehr, by whom he has had five children, three sons and two daughters, viz:  Henry, George F., Maria, Ferdinand, and Mary E. Henry and Maria are dead.  Mr. and Mrs. Lynn are members of the Reform church of Warren township.  His farm contains one hundred and thirty-three acres.

     DANIEL WANNAMAKER, second son of Daniel and Catharine Wannamaker, was born in Lynn township, Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, in 1816.  At the age of eighteen he came to Trumbull county, subsequently purchasing a farm of fifty acres in Southington township. This he sold a few years afterwards and served an apprenticeship at the joiners trade, which occupation he after ward followed in connection with his brother John, for twenty-five years.  He married at the age of twenty-two, Miss Maria Stroup, by whom he had one son, Jonas, who was killed at the battle of Perrysville, in the war of 1861–65.  He

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was an orderly sergeant in the One Hundred and Fifth Ohio volunteer infantry.  The first wife of the subject of this sketch died about eighteen months subsequent to her marriage, and he married for his second wife Mrs. Matilda Murberger, widow of Daniel Murberger, by whom he has had one daughter, Sarah Ada, now Mrs. Edwin Odding. Mr. Wannamaker occupies a farm of one hundred and fifty-seven acres in Warren township.  Himself and wife are members of the Reform church.

     ISAAC BROBST, oldest son of Henry and Susan nah Brobst, was born in Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, Sept. 10, 1824.  Henry Brobst was born in Lynn township, Lehigh county, Dec. 30, 1801.  He came to Ohio in April, 1825, and settled in Canfield, now Mahoning county, afterwards removed to Austintown, where he resided until 1845, when he removed to Warren township, purchasing the land now owned by his sons, Isaac, William, and John.  Four years afterwards he located where he first settled in 1826, and where he still lives.  Isaac Brobst was brought up to farming, and remained at home until his marriage, Sept. 26, 1848, to Miss Catharine Hardman, whose father was a well-known resident of Liberty township.  Mrs. Brobst was born in Wurtemberg, Germany, May 16, 1824.  To this marriage were born five sons and five daughters - William H., Mrs. Harriet Wager, Eli, Charles Edward, Isaac, Mary L., Susan M., Alice C., George F., and Lizzie J. Mr. Brobst was married a second time Oct. 21, 1879, to Mrs. Lydia Rowe, daughter of Philip Moser, born in Lehigh county, Pennsylvania, Apr. 3, 1836.  By this marriage he has one child - Cornelia Pearl, born Aug. 28, 1880.  After his first marriage he settled on the place adjoining his present home in Warren township, building his residence in 1870.  William Brobst, younger brother of Isaac, of the preceding sketch, was born in Austintown, Jan. 16, 1836.  When twenty-one he learned the trade of stonemason, remaining at home until twenty-three.  Jan. 5, 1860, he married Miss Lisette Grenekle, who was born in Hanover, Germany, Sept. 21, 1840.  This union was blessed with four children, three of whom are living - Heman Ensign, born Oct. 1, 1860, died May 31, 1875, Horace D., born Oct. 8, 1865; William Noble, Dec. 20, 1874; Calvin Edward, Oct. 24, 1877.  Mr. Brobst located on his present place after his marriage, and has carried on farming, while at the same time conducting his trade of stone-mason.

     GODFREY KLINITE, son of Frederick and Catharine (Fisher) Klinite, was born in Wurtemberg, Germany, Jan. 15, 1819; came to America with his parents in 1832, who settled on the place now owned by Joseph Kreitler.  They afterwards lived in various places in Trumbull county. Frederick Klinite died in 1878.  He had a family of nine children.  Five are yet living.  Godfrey, when twenty years of age, bought fifty acres of land, and Sept. 3, 1845, was married to Mary Ann Rigle, who was born in Warren May 4, 1828.  They have four children - Sarah Ann, born Mar. 4, 1846, wife of William Moyer; Samantha C., Aug. 3, 1849, wife of William Anderson; William B., Apr. 4, 1852; Solomon H., Apr. 22, 1857.  After marriage Mr. Klinite continued to live in Warren township, buying the Samuel Bailey place about 1869, consisting of one hundred and twelve acres.


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     SAMUEL GEPHART was born in Shenango, Pennsylvania, Sept. 10, 1834.  His father, John A., was a native of Germany.  After emigrating to this country he settled in Pennsylvania, but came to Ohio in an early day and settled in Warren township, and was afterwards engaged in trade in Leavittsburg for about thirty years.  Samuel learned the blacksmith trade, but followed it only one year.  In the fall of 1856 he went to Illinois and resided in that State five or six years, engaged in business.  In the fall of 1864 he commenced in the mercantile business in Leavittsburg, Trumbull county, purchasing the business lately conducted by his father, dealing in dry goods, groceries, etc., which he still continues, and doing a successful business.  June 10, 1869, he married Miss Matilda Smith, of Braceville, and has four children, viz: Estelle May, born Aug. 25, 1870; Louis A., Dec. 5, 1872; Otis Q., Apr. 14, 1876; Clayton H., Oct. 2, 1877.

     JOSEPH KREITLER, youngest son of John and Bridget (Rebholz) Kreitler, was born in Hozenhollern, Germany, Dec. 9, 1829.  When fifteen years old he commenced a three years' apprenticeship at the trade of millwright, and afterwards followed his trade some six years in Switzerland.  In November, 1853, he came to the United States, locating in Boston, where, or in the vicinity, he remained until 1860, engaged in the cabinet and furniture business.  In May of that year he came to Ohio and located in Warren, and entered the employ of Truesdell & Townsend.  In the fall of 1860 he purchased a part of the place where he now lives, in Warren township.  He continued in the employ of Truesdell & Townsend until 1876, meanwhile carrying on the farm with the
assistance of his boys.  July 31, 1855, he married Miss Josephine Kappler, who was born in Baden, Germany, Feb. 27, 1827.  Mr. and Mrs. Kreitler have a family of eight children, as follows: J. A., born Feb. 24, 1856, of Cleveland (conducting a printing office); George E., May 15, 1858; Josie A., Dec. 17, 1859; Louise C., Feb. 5, 1862; Charles F., July 5, 1863; Albert H., Aug. 24, 1865; Rhinehart G., Dec. 1, 1867; Walter E., Nov. 11, 1871.

     JAMES McCONNELL, son of John and Nancy McConnell, of Washington county, Pennsylvania, was born in Weathersfield, Trumbull county, Ohio, June 6, 1814.  John McConnell came from Pennsylvania with his family, on horseback, in 1804, and settled in Weathersfield, where he lived until his death, which occured in 1823.  He raised a family of thirteen children, of whom three are now living.   He was a justice of the peace for many years, and a prominent man in his community; was deacon in the Presbyterian church.  James McConnell came to Warren about 1840, and was engaged in the boot and shoe trade until 1860, when he was burned out and since then has been engaged in the grocery and restaurant business.   He married, June 29, 1842, Miss Sarah S., daughter of William McCombs, an early settler in Poland township, and has had eight children, of whom two daughters and four sons are living, viz: John, Maria, Hattie, William J., Frank C., Harry R.   John was a member of the One Hundred and Twenty-fourth Ohio volunteer infantry, and was wounded at Mission Ridge, and was discharged on account of his injury.


     D. C. THOMPSON was born in Mercer county, Pennsylvania, in 1825.  He became a resident of Trumbull county in 1831; engaged in farming till the year 1865, when he came to Warren and purchased of William Williams the Franklin house.  He kept hotel six years, when he rented the property to parties engaged in different branches of business.  In 1871 he purchased the Gillmore house, kept hotel in this about seven years, known during this time as the Thompson house; did a large business.  On account of his family having grown up and married off he

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sold to Jennie Smith.  Since then the house has been owned by her and run by Mr. Pancoast.  Since this Mr. Thompson has been living a retired life.  In the spring of 1881 he purchased a fine residence on Elm street.  In the year 1847 Mr. Thompson and Miss Minerva McMahon were united in marriage.  The family consists of three daughters.  Celia is the wife of Dr. Sherwood, of Warren.  Clara is the wife of William Richard, and is successfully running a furnace in Virginia, using the native ore.  Alice is the wife of William Willson, engaged in the iron business in Chicago.

     SPEAR & VOIT, furniture dealers, partnership formed Sept. 1, 1878, dealers in furniture and upholstery.  They occupy a room in the Spill block.  Mr. Spear for the past seven years previous to this business, was engaged as salesman in the store of Truesdell & TownsendMr. Voit was upholsterer in the same establish ment, during the same time.  Mr. Spear is a native of Pennsylvania, but has been a resident of Warren seventeen years.  Mr. Voit is a native of Warren.  Mr. Spear married, and has a family of five children.  Mr. Voit is unmarried.

     A. WHEELER was born in Brookfield township, in 1826.  At the age of sixteen he commenced to learn the tinners trade with Freeman & Howard, of Warren.  Engaged in the business himself in Warren, in 1849, in which he continued in company with B. P. Jameson twenty-one years.  Moved upon his place east of Warren in 1870, returned to Warren in 1871, and resided three years.  In 1873, remodeled his house and beautified his yard, and completed a fine home.  At present, is engaged in farming.  Was married in 1851 to Miss Sarah J. Gaskill, has a family of three daughters, two of whom are married.

     JAMES MULLEN was born in Chester county, Pennsylvania, in 1812.  At the age of fourteen he learned the tailor trade, worked at it in Unionville, in Chester county, five years.  Here he was married in 1833, to Miss Ann W. Robinson.  In 1837 he became a citizen of Warren, and engaged in custom work tailoring, afterwards kept a stock of goods.  The fire of 1860 burned his stock entirely up.  After this loss he spent a year in St. Louis.  Since then he has been working at custom work in Warren.  Mr. Mullen's family consists of seven children, all living and married. The two oldest sons and daughter reside in St. Louis, Missouri, one in Cleveland, and one in Illinois, and one daughter in Warren.  Mr. Mullen is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church.

     S. F. BARTLETT was born in Johnston township, Trumbull county, Ohio, June 3, 1841.  His father was a farmer, though he worked at the wagon making trade.  Mr. Bartlett, Sr., was a prominent citizen, and widely known for his anti-slavery convictions.  In 1858 Mr. S. F. Bartlett commenced the blacksmith trade, at which he worked till 1867.  From this date until 1874 he wa engaged in the livery business in Warren.  In the last-named year he was appointed deputy sheriff of Trumbull county.  In 1877 he was elected sheriff, which position he still holds.  He is also engaged in the carriage business with Mr. CorbinMr. Bartlett was married in 1861, and has one daughter.  He is an active Republican, and a worshipful master in the Masonic order.  He is a director of the Agricultural society and of the Second National bank.

     S. A. CORBIN

     JOHN MARTIN, youngest son of John and Mary Martin, was born in Germany Feb. 22, 1820.  After receiving a German school education, he was apprenticed at the age of sixteen to the blacksmith's trade, for a period of three years.  He worked two years in Switzerland, and then returned to his native place where he worked as journeyman blacksmith till 1847, when he came to America, and settled in Youngstown.  Two years later he came to Warren, and worked for the fourteen succeeding years in Belden's carriage factory, since the expiration of which time he has been in business for himself.  He married in 1849 Miss Nancy Demming, who was born in New York State in 1826.  They have a family of four children, viz: William Humphrey, Charles H., Emma, wife of Frank L. Brown, and Frederick, all live in Warren.

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     HENRY ERNST was born in Perry county, Pennsylvania, Aug. 27, 1820, and came to Trumbull county in 1833.  Three years afterwards he began an apprenticeship at the carpenter and joiner's trade, which he has since followed, being one of the most extensive contractors in the county.  He also for a time operated a planing mill at Niles.  He was married in 1843 to Miss Harriet Southworth, and has a family of five sons and four daughters - Silas S., George H., Clayton, John H., Olive Ann, Jessie Benton Fremont, Delimoretta, Nettie, and James Ward, all living, the oldest being married.  Mr. Ernst is now living upon a farm of one hundred and seventy-four acres in Warren township.

     WILLIAM A. ERNST was born in Carlisle, Cumberland county, Pennsylvania, Nov. 15, 1829, oldest son of John and Margaret (Bradley) Ernest.  John Ernst was born in Pennsylvania about 1806.  He came to Ohio in the fall of 1836, and settled in Warren township, where he carried on blacksmithing until 1858.  He raised a family of ten children, eight of whom are living.  In 1858 he removed to Illinois, where he died in 1875, and his wife in 1876.  William was educated in Warren, and at the age of twenty had acquired his father's trade, which, since his marriage, he carried on for himself in Warren, where he has resided continuously, with the exception of one year spent in Cleveland.  He was married Mar. 16, 1852, to Mary Ann, daughter of Ferdinand Artman, a former well-known resident of Warren.  They are the parents of three children - Clara E., wife of J. N. Butler, of Warren; Frank H., a merchant of Warren; and Lucy M., born Nov. 8, 1868.

     WALTER KING was born in Suffield, Connecticut, Dec. 26, 1792; came to Ohio in 1815, and settled in Warren.  He was a silversmith by trade, and conducted that business in connection with the jewelry trade forty years.  He built the King block, on Main street, in 1827 and 1828, where he was located in business for some time.  Mar. 19, 1820, he married Cynthia Halladay, who was born in Warren July 21, 1802.  She is the oldest child of Jesse and Sarah (Hover) HolladayJesse Holladay, her father, was born in Kentucky in 1781, and married in Pennsylvania in 1801, and came to Ohio the same year and located on the premises now occupied by Porter's book store, where he built a log house which he kept as a public house and also carried on the business of hatter near the site of the present Trumbull county bank.  He raised six children of whom but two are living, viz: Mrs. King, and Mrs. Dr. D. B. WoodsMr. and Mrs. King are the parents of six children of whom but four are living, viz: Maria, residing with her mother; Esther, wife of Alonzo Truesdell, of Warren; Walter B., a resident of Chicago, and Julius, of Cleveland.  Ashbel died in 1862, aged thirty-nine; Sarah, wife of R. M. St. Clair, is also dead.  Walter King was an active temperance man.  He died Apr. 5, 1855.  Mrs. King still resides in Warren.




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