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Pickaway County, Ohio
History & Genealogy


History of Pickaway County
Source:  History of Franklin & Pickaway Counties, Ohio
Illustrations and Biographical Sketches
Published by Williams Bros. 1880


       * GAME
       * SETTLEMENT - Includes lots of short biogrphies
       * MILLS
       * POST OFFICE






    OTIS BALLARD, M. D.     Tarlatan received a valuable acquisition to its list of substantial, useful men, in the person of Dr. Otis Ballard. For whatever benefit his residence in their midst conferred upon the people of the village, and of Salt Creek township, there were indebted to one of those so-called accidents of fate, which, at the time of their occurrence, are regarded as unimportant vexations.
     Dr. Ballard was born at Charlemont, Massachusetts, October 10, 1792, and there passed the years of his boyhood and early manhood. He studied medicine with Dr. Bryant, the father of the famous poet, William Cullen Bryant, and when twenty-one years of age, started for the great unknown west to find a place where he could establish himself in his profession. He left home in March, 1817, and upon the fourth of July, arrived at the place which he afterwards made his home. It had not been his intention to go so far west, but destiny had so decreed, or chance decided. He was unable to find his brother, whom he had expected to meet in New York State, and so pushed on into Ohio, then almost a wilderness.  He intended to locate then in Zanesville, but, again, circumstances interfered.  There was no opening there for a young physician.  The only thing that remained for him to do, was to journey on until he found a place where his professional services were needed.  Such a place was Tarlton.  He immediately began there the practice of medicine.  It was in a small way, to be sure; but it was a beginning, and as such, was welcomed.  The professional services of the young pioneer physician were for sometime only called into requisition in a few families in the neighborhood, but as he became better acquainted, and favorable reports of his understanding and skill went forth, his ride became constantly larger, and his practice finally became as extensive as he could wish for; it fully occupied his time.  This practice was continued unbroken by any extended absences until as late as 1842, when the doctor experienced a slight decline of health, which became gradually more severe, until he had violent hemorrhage of the lungs, which threatened to destroy his life.  He recovered complete health, however, and retained it almost unimpaired until within a short time preceding his death.
     Other occupations then the practice of medicine claimed Dr. Ballard's attention.  He had a farm of two hundred and fifty acres in Tarlton, and a larger one in Fairfield, for grazing purposes, and engaged in various business projects of mercantile and other nature, having active partners, who attended to the details.  He raised much fine stock, and carried on an extensive business in buying and selling.  In his later years he was one of the directors of the Hocking Valley bank of Lancaster.  Beside his professional duties and the attention given to farming and business interests he - being a man of large public spirit - devoted much time and effort to the furtherance of such measures as were proposed form time to time for the moral or material advancement of the community.  When any project of improvement was advanced, he gave it warm support.  He was one of the most zealous of those who endeavored to effect some means of railroad communication between Tarlton and neighboring centers of trade, that the farmers might have an advantageous outlet for the products of the soil, always so well tilled.
     Dr. Ballard was a devotedly religious man, and was one of the founders of the English Lutheran church, in Tarlton, of which he was, during the remainder of his life, a prominent member and liberal supporter.
     Politically, he was a Whig, and then a Republican, and strong union man during the war.  Although not a politician, he was a close observer of political action, and very positive in his convictions.
     Dr. Ballard's strong characteristics were energy, the habit of doing with his might, and to his best ability, whatever he undertook, good judgment, strong common sense, strict integrity of purpose, and a generous disposition.  He was not an educated man, in the commonly accepted meaning of that term, but he was a close observer, was well-read, and had a good knowledge of men and affairs.

  THE DREISBACH FAMILY.  The history of the Dreisbach family, which has, in Salt Creek township, a representative in William; in Circleville, Martin E. and Mrs. D. B. Wagner; in Pickaway, Isaac E.; and in Washington township, Edward Dreisbach, with numerous others, extends back to Martin Dreisbach, who was born in the year 1717, in the earldom of Witgenstein, Germany, and his wife (Anna Eve Hoffman), the daughter of a teacher, of Nausaugiegen.  They emigrated from the fatherland in 1746, to the United States, and located upon a farm in Lancaster county, Pennsylvania. The had four sons and two daughters - Jacob,Henry, John, Martin, Margaret, and Catharine.
     Jacob, the eldest son, married Magdalene Buchs (whose name, anglicized, is Books), and they had a family of thirteen children, eight of whom were sons, namely, Martin, John, George, Samuel, Benjamin, Henry, Jonathan, and Jonas, all of whom were early settlers in Ohio.
     George, the third son, was born January 13, 1784, and his wife, whom he married in Northumberland (now Union) county, Pennsylvania, was born February 14, 1788.  Her name was Catharine Betts. They were married January 10, 1809. Their children were, Mary, born November 27, 1809; Hannah, January 2, 1812; Elizabeth, June 17, 1814; William, September 21, 1817; Manuel, March 9, 1829; Sarah, January 16, 1823; George, August 18, 1825; Abner, August 16, 1828; and Solomon, August 16, 1831.  All are now living except Mary, Sarah (Mrs. P. Brock), Manuel, and Solomon, the last named of whom died in infancy.
     Only the eldest of the children was born in Pennsylvania, and the others in Ohio, their parents moving in 1811, to this State.  They stopped at first at Peter Spyker's, on Salt creek, south of Tarlton, but in a short time removed to the farm upon which their son William, now resides, and which the elder Dreisbach bought of Mrs. Sayler, a widow.  He cleared up this farm, endured the privations and toils, braved the dangers of pioneer life, and lived to enjoy the triumph of his labors.  He was a soldier in the war of 1812, and underwent, in the service as well as at his home in the back woods, the viscissitudes of a frontier life in troublous times. He was a man of hardy constitution, and one of the most actively industrious of the large class of fearless, thrifty men, who prepared the way for the army of civilization and hewed out the rich inheritance that the present generation enjoy. He was noted for his uprightness of Character, and his long life was, in all respects, an exemplary one. The church of the United Brethren was the religious institution which most closely embodied and exemplified his ideas, and he was for long years one of its most worthy members, as well as one of its best supporters. His long life of usefulness was brought to a close November 3, 1863 - ten years after the decease of his wife.
     The descendents of this pioneer pair were brought up at the farm home, accustomed to the labors incident to such life as they led, enjoying its simple pleasures, and taking advantage of the few opportunities afforded for improvement. Their educational facilities were limited; their chances for social recreations of seldom occurrence; but they had health--that best of all inheritances - the example of good lives before them, wholesome training; and the happiness - physical as well as mental - that wholesome labor and the right discharge of duty bring. They retained the traits of their parents, and matured into men and women of intrinsic worth, valuable to society and to the communities in which they dwell.
     Hannah, the eldest living, married Philip Pierce, and resides near Bloomington, Illinois.  Elizabeth is the wife of A. Medsker, of Fort Wayne, Indiana.
     Manuel fell a victim to one of those terrible crimes of violence which grew out of the Rebellion. In 1863, he was living in Amanda township, Fairfield county, Ohio, and was a strong Union man. The drafting of men for the army by the National government was meditated, and in some sections had been begun.  In his neighborhood, men were mustering, to prevent, by force of arms, its taking effect.  Partisan feeling ran high, and violence was threatened in many localities. Manuel Dreisbach was not one of those who feared to speak his sentiments, and he did so, on several occasions, telling various individuals that they had no right to resist the orders of the government, and using his influence towards creating a law-abiding sentiment. It was feared by some of his friends that he would meet with violence, but he entertained no such apprehensions.  One day, while engaged upon his farm in threshing grain, he went to the house to make some arrangement for dinner for the men in his employ, and there met a man who had worked for him several years, and with whom he was on the best of terms, so far as he knew.  The man had a rifle, and with scarcely a word of warning, he raised it to his shoulder and fired.  The ball took effect in Mr. Dreisbach's chest, but he did not fall. The assassin drew a revolver, to finish his bloody work, but was driven away by the threshers, who pursued him with pitchforks.  He escaped. Mr. Dreisbach died in a few hours. John C. Corder, the hired man who fired the fatal shot, is to-day in the State's prison, serving out a sentence for murder, having escaped, by a narrow chance, the gallows.  No cause was shown for the crime, other than that Mr. Dreisbach's utterances had been distasteful to some of the people in his neighborhood.  It transpired, in the trial, the Corder had, sometime in previous years, committed a murder in Virginia; that he was a desperate character, whom a few dollars would induce to commit any crime. It was alleged that he was a hired assassin.
     George Dreisbach is in Winona county, Minnesota, and has twice represented a constuency in the legislature of that State. He married Mary Nichols. Abner is in Australia, and has been there since 1852. William lives in Salt Creek township, at the old homestead, an illustration of which is given on another page. He is a farmer by occupation, and one of the substantial, representative men of the county. Like his father, he was, in his early years, a Democrat, but since 1848 has not voted with that party, and, most of the time since its origin, he has been a supporter of the Republican party. He is a member of the United Brethren church. He was united in marriage, February 22, 1839, with Margaret, daughter of William and Jane Earnheart, of Washington township. They have had nine children: James A., Mary J., Martin, Harriet, George, Kate, Amanda, Jemima, Milton and Abner Scott, all of whom are living, except Martin and Jemima. The mother of these children died May 28, 1863, and Mr. Dreisbach, August 1, 1869, was married to his second wife, Mrs. Louisa Ford (formnerly Wheitsel), a daughter of Jacob and Polly Wheitsel, of Salt Creek township, with whom he is still living.

  SAMUEL LUTZ.  To live ninety years on earth is the lot of very few human beings. To find one's self, at ninety, with all one's physical senses and mental faculties unimpaired, and with an almost youthful vigor, both of body and mind, is an occurrence so rare and exceptional as properly to be considered a phenomenon. Yet this, without exaggeration, is the lot of Samuel Lutz. And the ninety years which he has lived, and for seventy-five of which he has been an interested student and observer of human affairs, have been among the most eventful the world has ever seen. It is doubtful if, even in the civil and political history of the world, any previous era of equal length has been marked by so many important changes as those which have characterized the past ninety years. And, certain it is, that the discoveries and inventions in science and the useful arts, which have been made during the same period, exceed in number and magnitude those of any previous century. A bare enumeration of the great historical events and scientific discoveries which have passed under Mr. Lutz's careful, intelligent and studious observation, would occupy more space in these pages than that which the limits of our space necessarily prescribe for his biography.
     Samuel Lutz was born March 13, 1789, in Upper Saucon township, Northumberland county, Pennsylvania. His parents were Jacob and Elizabeth (Demuth) Lutz, his mother being a native of Bucks county, and his father of Newton. They were married about the year 1787. His grandfather, Ulrich Lutz (also a native of Pennsylvania), died about 1790; his great-grandfather (and first-known ancestor) emigrated from Germany to the same German-American State, near the year 1730. Notwithstanding their remote connection with the Father-land, the family have persevered in the use of the German language, down to the present generation.
     At a family reunion held at the residence of Samuel Lutz, in Salt Creek township, October 15, 1877, to commemorate the seventy-fifth anniversary of the settlement of the family in that locality, John A. Lutz, one of the sons of Samuel Lutz, the only lawyer and professional writer thus far produced by the family, this spoke of the family name and first-known progenitor:

     "The name seems to be pure4ly arbitrary, without any known significance, and, possibly, may have been obtained from the place of nativity, as there is a town in Germany called Lutzen {Luetzen in German}, noted in history as the place where the great battle was fought during the thirty years' war, in which the brave Gustavus Adolphus, king of Sweden, was killed.  The name being quite common, both in Germany and in this country, is doubtless of remote antiquity, dating back, perhaps to the days of Herman, or even Julius Cser.

     We would remind our friend Lutz, that there is a German provincial word, luetzel, meaning the same as the English adjective, "little," and doubtless only another form of that and the common German, leitel. Luetzel might easily have been contracted into luetz, and that transformed (by a slight change of spelling, frequently met with in German) into lutz--thus furnishing the family name. This etymology derives a singular plausibility from the diminutive size which is said to be a striking characteristic of the Lutzes.
     He proceeds in the following pleasant vein:

     Baron Von Lutz, the minister of education of Austria, may be a descendant of the same ancestor, and simply had the title of nobility cast upon him or his immediate ancestors, by some play of fortune, during some of the revolutions and political upheavals, which have taken place in Germany, in the last few centuries; for the venerable dame is somewhat capricious in the bestowment of her favors, and has been known to make noblemen out of plowmen.  But if he is of the same ancestry, his lineage is so remote that, like a distant planet, the light reflected by him does not affect us in the least, either for good or evil.
     Tradition has it, and we have accepted it as a true history, that about the year 1730, a little old bachelor, by the name of Michael Lutz, came from Germany and settled in Northampton county, Pennsylvania.  It is not known what part of Germany he came from, and it has been suggested that, perhaps, he was a natural son, and was silent as to his ancestry, or had not sense enough to tell where he came from.
     He soon found that a different state of things obtained in this country.  In the densely populated States of Germany, he might have been permitted to remain an old bachelor, and to waste his sweetness on the desert air; but here, where immense forests were to be cleared and the land brought into cultivation, towns and cities to be built., the increase of population was a very important item in political economy; and the policy of the colonies was not unlike that of Brigham Young - to utilize all propagating elements.  He was admonished that no such moral and social delinquency as bachelorhood could be tolerated;  For some reason, he seemed to be unsuccessful in his efforts to obtain a wife, and therefore the elders of the church to which he belonged came to his relief, either from motives of brotherly kindness, or of public policy, and soon procured for him a wife.  The issue of this union was two sons, and perhaps one or two daughters.
     He purchased a small tract of land in Northampton county, on the south side of the Lehigh river, and not far from its mouth, upon which he lived the remainder of his days, and which is said to be still owned by one of his descendants.  Of his history, only these few fragments have escaped oblivion.  What became of him daughters, if they, or either of them, lived to years of maturity, and left any children, we do not know.  His elder son was named Benedict, and the younger Ulrich.  Upon the death of the father, Benedict inherited, by laws which obtained in Pennsylvania, twice as much of his father's estate as Ulrich; and although the estate was small, there seems to have been enough to create a coldness between the brothers; and in consequence of this, the families separated, and abut little intercourse passed between them.
     Benedict Lutz lived to a great age, and died about the year 1818, in Pennsylvania.  Some of his descendants are still living in Pennsylvania, but further than this we have no knowledge of them.
     Ulrich Lutz married Elizabeth Dice, about the year 1760.  Her parents from Dupont, Germany, and she possessed considerable native intellect, with a liberal endowment of common sense, and the improvement in intellect which the family exhibited subsequent to this, was doubtless inherited from her.  Though herself of medium stature, she was descended from a family noted for their size.  Two of her uncles, about seven feet in height, served in Frederick William of Prussia's celebrated regiment of giants.  Though most of us are mere pigmies in stature, it would seem we have some of the blood of the giants in our veins.  They lived in Springfield township, Bucks county, Pennsylvania, till about in the year 1790, when they, with their sons and families, moved to Shamokin Valley, Northumberland county, where Ulrich Lutz died, the same year.

     In 1794, Jacob Lutz, the father of Samuel Lutz, moved from Shamokin valley, Northumberland county, Pennsylvania, to Buffalo valley, a beautiful and fertile portion of the same county.  Here he resided until September, 1802, when, with his wife, five sons and his mother, he emigrated to Ohio, and, on the fifteenth day of the same month, settled on the premises where his son, Samuel Lutz, now resides.
     His sons were Samuel, Jacob D., John D., Joseph, and Peter. The last two died in their boyhood; the other three grew up to manhood, and, being trained to the occupation of farming, became leading farmers of this county. There were then no public schools in this State, but their father, appreciating the importance of an education, provided his sons with books, and encouraged them to study at home; and, in this way, they acquired a good practical education.
     Samuel Lutz married Elizabeth Fetherolf on the fifteenth day of October, 1811. His father set off to him one hundred and eighty-five acres of land, from the west side of his home tract, as part of his patrimony. Upon this he erected a cabin to live in, near the site of his present fine residence, and commenced the work of felling the native forest and bringing the land under cultivation. This was no easy task at that day, for there was very little money in circulation, and hired labor was scarce; and the following year our country became involved in a war with Great Britain, and many of the able bodied men in the new settlement were called to the defence of the frontier, which made it still more difficult to obtain hired labor. He served, himself, a short campaign, under the general call, and he was once drafted for a thirty-days' term, for which he furnished a substitute. The financial depression, which followed the war, produced stringent times and seriously checked every form of improvement in the new States. But, notwithstanding these obstacles, he toiled on, and, after ten years or more of hard labor and self-denial, he had the pleasure of seeing himself the owner of a well-improved farm, with fair prospects of enjoying some of its comforts. He be came the owner, in the meantime, of other lands, and united with farming the business of raising and dealing in live stock, which subsequently became a prominent part of his business. he was one of the pioneers in driving live stock form the Scioto valley to the eastern cities, having driven cattle to Baltimore as early as the year 1822. The business in which he was engaged was well adapted to his habits and taste, and he took considerable interest in live stock, being never in better spirits than when he had his farms well stocked with cattle. Though his principal business was as just stated, yet he managed to devote considerable time to surveying, which was rather a favorite pursuit with him, and one in which he acquired quite a reputation for accuracy and skill. In most of the litigated cases of disputed lines or overlapping surveys in the Virginia military district in this county, he was employed to make surveys, and his opinions had great weight with the court and jury in deciding them.
     He has always been a man of decided political convictions, and the exercise of the right of suffrage, with him, has been a sacred duty; and it is doubtful whether he ever failed to vote at a political election. His first vote for president was cast for James Madison, and the last for General Hayes. In the days of the old Whig party he was one of its leaders in this county, and Henry Clay was his ideal of a statesman; and, perhaps, no one suffered more keenly than he the mortification of Clay's defeat for the presidency, in 1844. As a Whig, he was elected four times to represent this county in the legislature: the first time in 1830, and the last in 1849. He held many minor offices, and it can be said, with truth, that he performed the duties of every public trust, to which he was called, with fidelity. Upon the repeal of the Missouri compromise and the organization of the Republican party, he united with it, and became a radical anti-slavery man. He supported Lincoln for the presidency, and, when the South seceded, he was in favor of coercion, and he heartily endorsed the war measures of his administration. Though more than three-score-and-ten, when the Rebellion began, yet he took a deep interest in the efforts of the government to suppress it, and contributed money liberally to encourage enlistment.  And, perhaps, no events which have occurred in his life were more joyful to him than the abolition of slavery, and the final triumph of our arms in the suppression of the Rebellion.
     Naturally inclined to be studious, in early life he provided himself with a good library, and his leisure moments were devoted to reading and to the study of mathematics, in which he became well versed.
     Endowed with a good share of common sense and a generous nature, and having acquired extensive practical knowledge and a readiness with the pen, he made himself very useful to his neighbors and to the community in which he lives.
     His manner of living was plain and simple, and his habits strictly temperate. His life, in some respects, has been a success, having raised a family of nine children and accumulated an estate of three thousand acres of land in Pickaway and Ross counties, which he distributed among his children as they arrived at full age or married.
     On the fifteenth day of October, 1861, he and his wife had the pleasure of celebrating their golden wedding. His wife died on the fifteenth day of April, 1868, aged seventy-four years and four months. They had fourteen children, five of whom died in infancy. The remaining nine are still living, are married, and have families. The following are the names of these surviving children: Samuel G.; Harriet, wife of Robert Zurwehly; Catharine, wife of Ovid Lutz; Isaac; John A.; Lydia, wife of Peter Lutz; George; Mary, wife of Lewis R. Lesher; and Rachel, wife of Christopher Patrick. The oldest of these is sixty-tow, and the youngest forty-two. The living descendants of Samuel Lutz are nine children, forty-nine grandchildren, and thirty-one great-grandchildren.
     The Lutzes are a social race, and not interesting anniversary is allowed to pass with being celebrated by its appropriate family reunion. The last of these which has thus far been held, was on the thirteenth of March, 1879, the ninetieth anniversary of Samuel Lutz's birth. The orator of that occasion was Harry E. Lutz, a grandson of "our hero," and a son of John A. Lutz, the lawyer. If it be true, as we have heard it intimated, that he is ambitious to attain a high rank in the honored profession of journalism, we hazard nothing in predicting, that at no distant day, should his life and health be spared, he will fully realize his ambition. His address, on the occasion referred to, was so graceful and felicitious, and, withal, so fine a resume for the life and character of his honored grandfather, that we insert it here:

     Nearly seventy-seven years ago two large, canvas-covered wagons plodded slowly westward from Pennsylvania.  They passed over hills covered with the majestic trees of the forest; they journeyed through valleys richly mantled with flowers and grass; they crossed peaceful rivulets, angry torrents, and broad rivers.  In one of those wagons there was a boy of thirteen summers.  He was small in stature, but his bright gray eyes, which shone beneath a broad, high forehead, and lighted up a thoughtful-looking face, betokened a maturity of mind beyond his years.  Untutored and inexperienced though he was, he had enough of natural force of mind to overcome the disadvantages of his position.  This journey introduced him into a new life, for those wagons finally halted in the valley which he now been his home for seventy-seven years, and we meet to-day to celebrate the ninetieth birthday of that boy, who is now father, grandfather, and great-grandfather.
     In 1807 he studied surveying at Chillicothe, under John G. Macan and last year, after seventy-one years' service in that profession, he bought a new stock of instruments, expecting to begin life anew.  In 1819 he surveyed the first public road which the Pickaway county commissioners ordered, and recently, after an interval of sixty-nine years, he was again appointed to resurvey a portion of that same road.
     In 1811 he married Elizabeth Fetherolf, and they, together, shared the joys and the sorrows of life for a full half century.
     In 1813 he served a few weeks in the militia, when Ohio received a fright from the British, which has only been equalled by that which John Morgan's raid occasioned in 1863.  Although it is a family trait "to snore louder in bed than to shout in battle," our hero was not without glory in this his only campaign, for he confidently affirms that he fired off his gun once, which is more than many of his fellow warriors could say.  And for his invaluable service his grateful country has pensioned him and given him one hundred and sixty acres of land.  He afterwards served eighteen years as a justice of the peace, and represented his county in four sessions of the Ohio legislature.
     Such is the record of his life, as it would be told to a stranger, but it is as inadequate as the boy's note of his daily experiences, that "he got up, washed, and went to bed."  Behind this short account there is another, of days of joy and days of sorrow, of weeks of pain and weeks of pleasure, of years of gain and years of loss; and it is this account which truly shows the progress of his main, but which we have not now time to trace.
     We will, therefore, turn from the life to the character of our hero, and we shall find that, in the words of Emerson, the man towers head and shoulders above his deeds.  The most prominent characteristic of his mind is force.  He pats his whole soul into whatever he undertakes.  He is inclined to go over or through, rather than around.  Yu have noticed an ant moving along on the earth, and have noticed that when it comes to an obstacle in its path it immediately turns aside.  That is the way with some men; they change their course whenever anything opposes them, without trying to overcome it. gut that is not the way with our hero.  If it is possible, he will go over, or he will go through.  Last summer, while in Adelphi, a man told me an anecdote which fully illustrates this trait in his character.  About fifteen or twenty years ago, he was carrying one end of the chain, while surveying a field, and the man was carrying the other, when they came to a large pond.  He urged our hero to make a triangle and estimate the distance across, but, with scowls, was answered: "Come on, come on; what are you about?  Let's go through!"  And in they plunged, up to their wastes, and did go through.  This same force of mind, however, makes him impatient of slow people, and causes him, also, to get into what has been called a "cast-iron seat" at trifles.
     Another trait of his character is inquisitiveness.  He would walk to mile to find out a stranger's name, and think that he was amply rapaid for his journey, though he should forget it the next day.  He would have made a first-class newspaper reporter, if he had been taken when young, for he could get an interview with the greatest man on earth any day.  While we were traveling, he wanted to know the name of every station which he passed, and asked me all sorts of questions about the things which he saw, and not unfrequently compelled me to expose my ignorance, and that was rather rough on my pride, you know.  He invariably inquired the price of everything, from a boot-black's outfit to the steel bridge at St. Louis.  Macaulay may have had a great memory, but I would be willing to wager a fortune that our hero has forgotten more than he know.  But, notwithstanding all the facts that have passed from his mind, his inquisitiveness has not been in vain, for he is well posted in history, and has a wide knowledge of current events.
     Another characteristic of his mind is studiousness.  He sometimes works at the problem during a whole day, which is something that neither love nor money could induce any of his descendants to do.  Farm life has very little in it to stimulate one to hard study, but our hero overcame those discouragements, and is now well acquainted with the different branches of mathematics.  But this special study did not so bias his mind that he neglected other things, for he has read much of the classical prose and poetry.  Last summer, when in his ninetieth year, he bought a volume of poems, and since then has spent many of his leisure moments in reading those stirring Scottish lays of Robert Burns
     The chief characteristic of our hero's old age is vigor..  To-day, were we to walk a race, he would outstrip one-half of us.  Last summer, when strong men were lying under shade-trees, complaining of the heat - when people of all ages and conditions were being stricken down in the great cities - our hero surveyed a field in Ross county.  When eighty-six years of age he climbed to a top of the Bunker Hill monument, and, a few days afterward, he went up the three hundred and sixty-four steps leading to the dome of the capitol at Washington.  In 1876 he passed thro9ugh that most wearisome of all ordeals, the attending of the Centennial.  And that he fully  appreciates his vigor, the following anecdote will show:  Last summer, while we were at Cincinnati, he started to get into a stee-car before it should stop; but I kept him from doing so; and when we were seated in the car the drier passed through and remarked that he was too old a man to get on a car while it was in motion.  At that a scowl came over our hero's face, like a thunder-cloud, and, throwing up his arms, he exclaimed, with withering contempt, "That's nothing; I could jump over the whole car."  Then, seeing the general look of amused incredulity, he added, with emphasis, "Why, yes!  why yes!"
     Whatever position in society our hero has attained, it has been entirely owing to his own efforts.  No long line of ancestors has given him "title deeds to sloth."  Others may boast of their descent, but he can glory in his ascent.  As the Swedish epic says:

"Boast not they father's fame - 'tis his alone,
A bow that thou canst bend is scarce thine own.
What can a buried glory he to thee?
By its own force the river gains the sea."

     We are accustomed to speak of beauty as an exclusive attribute of youth, but we forget that nature has thrown a mantle of grace over old age also.  One is the beauty of action; the other, the beauty of repose.  One is the beauty of a torrent dashing over rocky precipices; the other is the beauty of still waters, which unchangeably mirror the heavens.  The bright green of a forest in spring is beautiful; but so, also, are the golden hues of the trees in autumn.  The rosy-faced child and the white-haired old man, alike command our love.  And we can think of nothing in which our hero has been more fortunate than in having all the venerableness of age, without its pains and its weaknesses.
     I would call him great, not only because he has performed his part in the drama of life well, but also because I think that his natural talents are sufficiently above mediocrity to make him deserving of that name Great men do not always occupy high places, and the heroes whose names adorn the pages of history are outnumbered by heroes equally great, though unknown to fame.  In the story of our family, one of the brightest pages will be the one which records the struggles and triumphs of Samuel Lutz.

     The grandmother who accompanied Mr. Lutz to Ohio, died at the home of her son, June 23, 1818, aged about seventy-five. His father died September 4, 1824, at sixty-two, and his mother, January 27, 1842, at eighty-six.
     Mr. Lutz was, as we have seen, abut thirteen years of age when he left his native State, having received there only such education as the Pennsylvania common schools afforded. After his arrival here, the only training which he received from a teacher was that obtained during the two months under Professor Macan, studying the elements of surveying. So that, even in his favorite science, it may properly be said that he was self-taught.
     At the family re-union (the first one noticed above) held to commemorate the settlement of the Lutz family in Pickaway county, a large stone (after the good old Jewish fashion) was set up and dedicated, as a memento of the event. The formula for the dedication of this stone, pronounced by John A. Lutz at the close of his address on that occasion, will form an appropriate ending for this imperfect sketch. It is as follows:

     "To perpetuate the memory of the interesting event which we to-day celebrate, and as a memorial of the divine goodness to us as a family, I now solemnly dedicate this simple monument composed of a rude boulder, found upon these premises, and doubtless brought hither by the great northern drifts.  Of itself it ts a monument of the wonderful changes which have taken place on the surface of the earth in the geologic periods of the past, in the formation and preparation of these picturesque hills and beautiful fertile valleys for the abode, comfort, and happiness of man.
     "May no rude hand deface it, nor unrestrained violence destroy it, but may it ever remain to remind the future generations of our children o_ the event we celebrate, and of the goodness of God to their ancestors.  And to this let all the kindred say, Amen."

  JOHN MOWREY was the youngest son of John Mowery, sr., and was born in Berks county, Pennsylvania, August 12, 1805. When five years of age, his parents emigrated to Ohio, and settled in Salt Creek, Pickaway county, where John F. Mowery now lives.  His father made a purchase of land in sections eleven and fourteen, and erected his dwelling in the southwest corner of section eleven. He died about a year after his settlement.
     John Mowery, the subject of this sketch, married, September 27, 1827, Rachel Dunkel, daughter of George Dunkel, and took up his residence on the homestead which became his at his father's death, and which he occupied during his life.  He died July 2, 1876.  He was a prominent member of the Lutheran church, in Tarlton, and was a man of strict integrity.  He was an industrious, hard-working farmer, and possessing a sound judgment, he accumulated a good property, owning at the time of his death between six and seven hundred acres of land.
     Mrs. Mowery died October 8, 1878, age sixty-nine years, nine months and eighteen days.
     There were thirteen children born to John and Rachel Mowery, three of whom died in infancy, and the dates of their birth are not recorded. The others are as follows: Leannah, born March 9, 1828, married for her first husband Venus Reichelderfer, by whom she had two children.  She is now the wife of Elias Crites and lives in Allen county, Ohio; Catharine, born February 27, 1831, died May 3, 1862, was the first wife of her sister Leannah's present husband; Mary, born September 18, 1833, became the wife of Jonathan J. Stout (now deceased), and resides in Washington township; Rachel, born May 27, 1836, married Amos Reichelderfer, and now resides near Bucyrus, Ohio; Susannah, born January 18, 1839, is the wife of Peter Meyers, and now lives near Stoutsville, Fairfield county; William H., born June 13, 1845, married Leahan Fetherolf, and now resides in Salt Creek, near Tarlton; John F., born February 3, 1848, married Mary Wolf, and now resides on the old homestead; Louisa Jane, born November 23, 1850, is the wife of William H. Housell, of Tarlton; George D., born May 10, 1853, married Alice Courtright, and lives at Stringtown; Allen S., born April 9, 1857 (unmarried), lives with his brother George. The four brothers, above mentioned, wishing to perpetuate the memory of their parents, have secured the insertion of their portraits, with a view of the old home, in connection with the history of Salt Creek.

     THE RIEGEL FAMILY of Salt Creek township, has been as prominently identified with the improvement of that part of the county, and the territory adjoining, as any family who reside in the vicinity.  Solomon Riegel, the father, is a man of great activity and industry, and ever since he came to the State  has been engaged in some enterprise which has developed and enriched the neighborhoods of which he has been a resident. He was a native of Berks county, Pennsylvania, a son of George and Elizabeth Riegel, and was born April 10, 1811.  He came to Salt Creek in 1832, induced by the favorable reports of the country, made by his brother, Jesse, and others.  Two years later, October 31, 1834, he married Mary, daughter of George and Mary Dunkel, natives of Berks county, Pennsylvania, who removed to Ohio in 1802. She was born, March 31, 1803. Soon after their marriage, the couple removed to Fairfield county, where they remained three and a half years. From thence they went to Hocking county, where Mr. Riegel worked for a time for his brother-in-law, George Dunkel; but Mr. Riegel securing, as a present from his father, a farm of one hundred acres in Fairfield county, removed to it, and there made the beginning of his successful and actively industrious life.  After living here ten years, accumulating some property, and being generally well rewarded for his labors, Mr. Riegel bought Mr. Dunke'ls sawmill, woolen-factory and about two hundred and fifty acres of land, and engaged in business upon a large scale. He erected, at Laurelville, a hotel and other buildings, and contributed largely to the good appearance and prosperity of that village. Building has always been one of the most common exhibitions of Mr. Riegel's active creative nature, and one of his family, who has taken pains to sum up the results of his work in this line, states that within a few miles of the corners of Pickaway, Hocking and Ross counties, he has erected nineteen dwelling houses, and enough other building, mills, barns, etc., to make a total of one hundred.  In this work he has usually been his own contractor, designer and superintendent, getting the timber from the woods manufacturing the lumber, and taking the stone from the quarry himself - that is, having it done under his supervision. He has also been an enterprising farmer, and has devoted considerable capital and time to milling, and to stock-raising and dealing. His various business ventures have, as a general thing, been thoroughly managed, and have paid well, so that he has accumulated a large property, although, like nearly all men, meeting with an occasional loss. It has been principally through his efforts that some of the best turnpikes of Pickaway county, especially the south-eastern part, have been constructed.
     Mr. Riegel is one of those men, who, not having the advantage of education, has still been eminently successful, through the possession of sound native sense, good judgment, a genius for work and strict integrity of character. And we may also add, that having achieved an independency for himself, he has materially benefitted the community of which he has bee a valuable member, the neighborhood in which he has lived. He is a man of strong moral character, and religiously, is a member of the Reformed church. It is a notable fact, too, that every one of his entire family, nine persons beside himself, are members of the same church. Another fact, rather curious, is mentioned by members of the family. There has never been a death within the circle. Not one family in a thousand of as many members, and aggregating as many years, has thus been spared the terrible visitor.  The mother's name (Dunkel) is honored by the insertion of its initial in the name of her eight children.  The first-born (February 21, 1836), George D., is now in Salt Creek township, and resides at his father's residence.  He married, in 1859, Lovina Werner, of Allen county, Ohio, who died September 18, 1872. He was engaged, for a number of years, in a general mercantile business, at Laurelville, beginning at the time the civil war commenced, and continuing until 1867.  From 1870 to 1876 he conducted a large bus ness in produce and provisions, in Brooklyn, New York. Harvey D., the second son, born January 31, 1838, was, for a number of years, in California, but is, at present in the lumber and planing-mill business at Laurelville.  He married Matilda Hedges, of Tarlton. Jane D., born August 6, 1840, married Andrew Defenbaugh, and resides at Cedarville, Fairfield county. Samuel D., born July 29, 1842, took for his first wife Mary Morris, of Washington township, and after her death, married his present wife, Mary Owens. He resides in Salt Creek, and is a farmer and bee-keeper. He is publisher of the Bee Keeper's Instructor, and one of the best authorities in the country upon all matters pertaining to bee culture. Sarah Ann D., born June 28, 1843, is the wife of Wm. C. Markel, and resides in Salt Creek township. Mary Elizabeth D., born September 2, 1845, is the wife of George H. Lutz. Solomon D., has his home in Salt Creek, a short distance from that of his father.  He is one of the representative farmers of the township, and one of its most substantial, well-informed citizens. In addition to farming, he carries on the business of raising and selling stock, and is a large dealer.  He Married Mary A. Rush, daughter of John and Melinda Rush, of Greene township, Ross county.


  JOSEPH SHOEMAKER was born in Tarlton, Salt Creek township, February 18, 1808. His parents, john and Elizabeth Shoemaker, of German descent, were natives of Berks county, Pennsylvania, where there is a little village called Shoemakerville, in honor of the family. They emigrated to Ohio in 1806. He was the first-born of three children - Isaac, tow years his junior, who is still living, and Mary (afterwards the wife of Dr. William B. Hawkes, of Columbus) who died in 1837. The three children were left half-orphans, by the death of their estimable father, after only about ten years experience of pioneer life. Mrs. Shoemaker, the mother subsequently married Dr. Otis Ballard.
     Joseph Shoemaker, the subject of this brief biography, grew up in the little village of Tarlton, and, in addition to the practical education that farm life afforded, had the limited advantages of instruction at best schools in this part of the country - the old academies of Circleville and Lancaster. He taught school for a short time, but, resolving to lead the life of a farmer, to which he had become accustomed by all his associations as a boy, he began in earnest the chosen avocation, which he has since pursued, and in which he has been eminently successful. In addition to his regular agricultural pursuit, Mr. Shoemaker has been engaged in raising cattle and in extensive stock raising. His father was an active, energetic pioneer, and the son has inherited may of his qualities. The farm upon which he resides, in Tarlton, is a portion of the large body of lands his father owned.
     Mr. Shoemaker has had no ambition to hold office, and has not been, in any sense of the term, a politician, although a firm supporter of the principles he believed to be best, and taking a deep interest in public affairs.  He was an "old line Whig" until the formation of the Republican party, since which time he has by ballot, and by the quiet influence that every man of worth unconsciously exerts, supported the men and measures of that political majority.
     He is one of the oldest and most prominent members of the Methodist Episcopal church, but his efforts for the promotion of good morals and right living have by no means been confined to the limits of that organization, either as the field in which or the medium through which they were made.  All improvements, all plans for the advancement of the best interests of the community, have had, in Mr. Shoemaker, a warm friend and supporter. The temperance cause, in all the forms in which it has battled evil for the past forty years, has had his assistance.  He has been among the foremost in securing a good school for the village in which he has passed the many years of his life.  In short, he is a public-spirited, though modest, man, and the community has much to thank him for.
     Mr. Shoemaker was married May 22, 1832, to Eliza Carpenter, a native of Vermont, who removed, with her parents, at an early day, to Athens, Ohio.  Their children, four in number, were Otis B., Cynthia S., Mary E., and Ann Eliza. Otis B. married, for his first wife, Sarah Dunan, and after her death, Mrs. Minerva Lutz; they now live in Tarlton; Cynthia S. lives in Greenfield, Ohio, and is the wife of R. H. Miller; Mary E. married the Rev. T. R. Taylor, and resides in Portsmouth; Ann Eliza married Joseph Ward, who died in 1877.
     Mrs. Shoemaker died September 30, 1859.
     June 2, 1863, Mr. Shoemaker married Nancy C. Meeks, a native of West Virginia, with whom he still lives.  The offspring of this union were two children--John William, aged fourteen, and Joseph, aged nine years.

  THE STROUS FAMILYJacob Strous, born in Mifflin county, Pennsylvania, Oct. 27, 1775, came to Ohio in the fall of 1799, performing the journey on foot.  He remained with his brother-in-law, Adam Defenbaugh, six miles below Chillicothe, until 1802, when he settled near where the village of Laurelville, in Hocking county, now stands.  He and Defenbaugh, who also settled there, put up, on Laurel creek, a short distance above the present mill, the first grist-mill in this region.  The mill consisted simply of forked stakes driven into the ground and covered over with slabs.
     In June, 1807, Jacob Strous was married to Mary Reichelderfer, and resided in the neighborhood of Laurelville until his death, which took place in 1845.  He was an active and industrious pioneer, and did much for the improvement of his neighborhood.
     He was the father of five children as follows:  John, born Jan. 28, 1808; Mary, born Aug. 16, 1812; Samuel, born Aug. 9, 1814; Elizabeth, born Aug. 12, 1824; Allen, born Dec. 26, 1826.
     John married, Nov. 13, 1832, Angeline Holderman, born Feb. 22, 1811, and settled where his son, David, now lives.  He followed milling and farming during his life, which was one of great industry and usefulness.  He died July 23, 1875, and his wife, Mar. 21, 1879. 
     Mary Strous married Hiram Flannagan.  She is now a widow, and resides at Laurelville.
     Samuel married Mary Swoyer, Jan. 24, 1841, with whom he is now living in Salt Creek township, Pickaway county, Ohio.  They have had five children, four of whom are living.
     Elizabeth is the wife of William Webster, and resides in Pickaway township.
     Allen Strous lives near Laurelville on the old homestead.
     John Strous had eleven children, who are all now dead but three, and it may here be mentioned as a somewhat remarkable fact that, since 1850, there were occured at the house which is now the residence of the son, David H., and a view is elsewhere given, no less than fourteen funerals.
     David H. Strous, one of the substantial and enterprising citizens of Salt Creek township, was the third child of John and Angeline Strous, and was born Feb. 11, 1837.  At the age of twenty-one he took an equal interest with his father in the mills and farm, and at the death of his father, succeeded to the entire ownership.  Mr. Strous' career has been a very successful one; his energy, industry and good management being rewarded by the accumulation of a good property.
     Mr. Strous was united in marriage April 22, 1858, with Ann Bochart, and to them the following named children were born, viz.: Jane Almeda, born Sept. 10, 1858, is now the wife of Levi Lutz, of Pickaway township; Susannah, born May 29, 1860, is now the wife of Byron Mowery, of Salt Creek township; John Elsy, born Aug. 15, 1862 - died Aug. 26, 1863; Charles, born June, 3, 1864 - died Sept. 9, 1865.  Mrs. Strous, the mother of these children, died Sept. 23, 1866.  Aug. 20, of the following year, Mr. Strous was again married, to Rebecca J. Dillon, who was born May 19, 1842.  The result of this union is five children, as follows:  Olive D., born Aug. 18, 1868 - died Dec. 7, 1870; Frank D., born Sept. 3, 1869; Eddie D., born Mar. 3, 1872; Eva Grace, born Oct. 16, 1874; Lizzie May, born Apr. 8, 1876.
     Just west of his residence, Mr. Strous has a beautiful grove of forest trees, containing about fourteen acres.  The ground is very pleasantly situated, being higher than the surrounding land, and is skirted by Salt Creek, on the bank of which is a beautiful mineral spring.  A company has been formed who contemplate the improvement of the place next season as a pleasure resort.




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