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Pickaway County, Ohio
History & Genealogy


History of Pickaway County
Source:  History of Franklin & Pickaway Counties, Ohio
Illustrations and Biographical Sketches
Published by Williams Bros. 1880



* SETTLEMENT - includes short sketches of settlers


     An oil mill was erected by Jacob SHOOK on the southwest quarter of section fifteen.  Its purpose was to make oil from flax-seed.  This business was carried on some eight or ten years.  Afterwards the site was used on which to build a saw-mil, by the same owner.
     A copper still was built on section sixteen, about 1820 or 1822, by William BISHOP.  It was run for a number of years.  Another copper still was erected on the southeast quarter of section sixteen, by Jesse and John REED, in 1825.  Still another was located on land owned by John DECKER.  This was owned and operated by Enoch HENRY, and was on the east side of Walnut creek.
     The first grist-mill was built and owned by Luke DECKER, father of Vause and John DECKER, in 1816 or construction, of the mill.  Business was conducted there for over twenty-five years.
     Isaac MILLAR run a small still soon after his settlement in 1806.  He also introduced the first threshing-machine and the first reaper in the township.  A copper still and mill was run by William TEEGARDIN at the same time of the building of the Ohio canal, in 1825-30.
     Jacob SHAFER moved from Harrison to Madison, soon after 1810, and established a small tannery; he also had a small mill, for grinding, in connection with this .  It was run by horse power.  Luke DECKER had a mill on Walnut creek, about 1815.  It was located on section twenty.
     Stone quarries have been opened in the township, for local use, but the quality of the stone is not very good, and no quarries are worked, except as the inhabitants need stone for foundations to buildings and for cellars.


     Among the early school teachers was Travis RED, who taught in what is now known as district one, on land owned by Aaron TEEGARDIN.  The school was conducted in the usual style of those days.  He was succeeded by David AMMON, who lived among the settlers, wrote deeds, and was a favorite.  Many old deeds, in his handwriting may be seen in the township.  He afterwards became editor of the Castigator, at Ripley, Brown county.  Another prominent teacher was William McARTHUR, who taught a number of terms.  Afterwards, he was county auditor and treasurer, and died in Circleville.  Other teachers of early times were:  John WRIGHT, Alexander CAMERON, Truman BOWEN, David DAUGHTERTY, and John MILLER.  At this time there are five district schools in the township.
     The first fine house in the township was built by John RITTER, but at what date cannot now be ascertained.  It was weather-boarded, and was painted red.  It was a notable house in its day.
     Among the early justices of the peace were: Joseph KELLY, George REED, George GIBSON, and Nathan PERRILL.


     The local business in Madison is very limited, consisting of that done at TEEGARDIN's store, one wagon and blacksmith shop, and three boot and shoe makers.  Most of the repairing and building of wagons is done in some of the adjoining towns.  The first blacksmith in the township was John RITTER, who came to Madison in 1804 or 1806.  In 1866 G. A. KNEPPER and John TEEGARDIN built a store, and opened a stock of goods at St. Paul.  They continued in partnership one year, When KNEPPER sold out.  It was then run a year by TEEGARDIN & JULIAN, when TEEGARDIN became sole proprietor, and conducted the business five years, when he associated with himself his brother, Philip.  It was again run five years in partnership.  At the end of that time John TEEGARDIN bought his brother's interest, and has since conducted the business alone.


     When the county was first settled, bands of the Shawnee Indians hunted in the forests of Madison, and in the spring made sugar in the maple groves, but did not make it a regular camping ground.  Some remained here for several years, until game became scarce, when they wandered away, in search of new hunting grounds.  They were uniformly civil, and seldom, if ever, caused any uneasiness among the settlers.


     The only society in the township is a Grange, which was started in 1875.  Prominent among the members of John CROMLEY, Aaron TEEGARDIN, Philip TEEGARDIN, V. S. DECKER, Philip PONTIOUS, Hugh TRAVERSE, Nathan PERRILL, Nathan and Augustus MOORE.  Meetings were held in PERRILL's school-house, on the northeast corner of section twenty-one.  These were continued some three years, but at present little interest in taken in the Grange. 


     Madison township had no post-office until quite late - just before the war of the rebellion.  Previous to that time, all mail was obtained at the nearest post-office - some going to South Bloomfield, some of Franklinton, Lancaster, or Lithopolis. Each neighborhood would get its mail by some one person, who went to the post-office once or twice a week, so that all were not obliged to go after mail each week.  In 1859 or 1860, an office was established at St. Paul's which was, at that time, called TEEGARDIN's.  Rev. J. A. ROOF was appointed first postmaster, and administered the office at his residence.  No provision was made for carrying the mails, and for several years it was done by private enterprise, no bond being given, and persons in the neighborhood alternating in bringing mail.  Finally, a private subscription was raised, and George COON carried it for two years - during 1868 and 1869.  Andrew H. DUVALL succeeded him,a nd carried it for several years, until a regular route was established between South Bloomfield and MArcy, on the line of Fairfield county.  The name was changed to St. Paul's.  The second postmaster was Louis RHODES, John TEEGARDIN has been postmaster for the past ten years, and keeps the office in his store. 



was organized in 1834.  The members of the denomination in Madison, finding it too far to attend services in the adjoining county of Fairfield, petitioned the synod of Ohio, at Miamisburg, for a minister and a separate organization, in this year.  Their petition was granted, and the Rev. Joseph A. ROOF was licensed as a preacher to minister to them.  The first service was held at the house of Mrs. Mary Magdalene HOOVER, June 29, 1834.  On August 3d the congregation assembled and organized as a church, electing Solomon TEEGARDIN and John BRENTLINGER as elders; Elias HOOVER and Jacob LILLY as deacons.  They were installed into the duties of their respective offices the same day.  Preaching was for a time held in school-houses.  Dec. 3, 1834, a meeting was held to consider the propriety of purchasing a lot and building a church.  A subscription was raised and a lot purchased on section twenty-three on which a church-building was erected the following year.  By the terms of the subscription, this church was to be the joint property of the Evangelical Lutheran church and the German Reformed church.  The building was not completed until 1838, though it had been occupied since 1835.  Mr. ROOF continued as pastor until 1855, when he resigned.  He was again called to the pastorate in 1860.  In 1863 it was determined to build a new church, which was done, at a cost of four thousand dollars.  In 1869 Rev. E. T. S. TRESSEL was called to the pastorate, and became their minister.  In 1872 a parsonage was built, of brick, at a cost of fifteen hundred dollars.  The present membership is one hundred and twenty-five.  A Sabbath-school is conducted by the members, with a good attendance.  The superintendent is Esther BROWN; assistant, David ADKINS.  The new church was built, and is entirely owned by the Evangelical Lutheran church.


was organized in 1856.  The first minister employed was Rev. Peter EIRICH.  In 1856 the congregation raised means, by subscription, for the purpose of building a church, and in the same year a frame church was erected on the southeast corner of section twenty-five, on land given for the object by Jacob BROBST.  The first members were: Peter BROBST and family, Jacob BROBST and family, David BROBST and family, Conrad SALT and family, Samuel SMITH and family, David HALL and family, Reuben SMITH and family, and others.  Reuben SMITH was greatly instrumental in forming the church.  The present minister is Rev. Joseph BECK.  A Sunday school of about one hundred members is maintained, under the superintendence of Monroe BROBST.  The church numbers some eighty communicants, with a good attendance and no debt.


was organized in Madison about 1844, by Isaac HUNTER, who was a circuit preacher about that time.  It was called Pleasant Grove church, and was included in the Lithopolis circuit.  A church-building was erected in 1850, and services were continued here until 1869 or 1870, when the building was sold to the township trustees for use as a school house.  No services of this denomination are now held in the township, the congregation going to churches in the adjoining townships - to Winchester, Lithopolis, and to Hopewell church, on the Franklin county line, near Walnut creek, Isaac RAINIER and Thomas SHAWHAN were among the early members of Pleasant Grove church. 


     The first cemetery in the township was located on land now owned by Vause DECKER, northwest of the school house, in the center of section seventeen.  The land was owned at the time by a non-resident, Jacob BEHENSTAUGH by name.  A number of burials were made tehre, but the place is now neglected, and no marks are left.
     A cemetery was opened by Z. H. PERRILL, on the old PERRILL place, in 1843.  Nathan PERRILL was the first person interred there.
     At the present day there are cemeteries at the Lutheran church, on the northwest quarter of section thirty-three; on the northwest quarter of section twenty-two; on the northeast quarter of section twenty-three; and on the southeast quarter of section twenty-five.




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