OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS


 

Welcome to
Preble County, Ohio
Genealogy & History

Mililtary Records
Source:
History of Preble County, Ohio
with Illustrations and Biographical Sketches
H. Z. Williams & Bro., Publishers
1881

CHAPTER XIII.

PREBLE IN THE WAR OF THE REBELLION

20TH OHIO INFANTRY 93RD OHIO INFANTRY
22ND OHIO INFANTRY 112TH OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
35TH OHIO INFANTRY 191ST OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY
39TH OHIO INFANTRY 5TH INDEPENDENT CO. OF SHARP-SHOOTERS
47TH OHIO INFANTRY 5TH INDEPENDENT CO SHARP SHOOTERS
50TH OHIO INFANTRY 156TH OHIO NATIONAL GUARD
54TH OHIO INFANTRY 2ND OHIO VOLUNTEER CAVALRY
69TH OHIO INFANTRY 5TH OHIO CAVALRY
73RD OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY 1ST REGIMENT OHIO HEAVY ARTILLERY
75TH OHIO INFANTRY 2ND REGIMENT OHIO HEAVY ARTILLERY
81ST OHIO INFANTRY 8TH OHIO BATTERY
81ST OHIO VOLUNTEER INFANTRY 5TH REGIMENT U. S. COLORED TROOPS
86TH OHIO INFANTRY 27TH REGIMENT U. S. COLORED TROOPS
87TH OHIO INFANTRY THE SQUIRREL HUNTERS

     Besides the service in Ohio regiments and batteries, many Preble county men were in the gunboat service, and others, owing to the proximity to the Indiana State line, entered the service with commands from that State - the Eighteenth, Thirtieth, Thirty-sixth, Fifty-seventh, Sixty-ninth and Eighty-fourth infantry, also the Second and Fourth Indiana cavalry, and the Third, Fourth, Seventh, Eleventh and Nineteenth batteries.  The names of this, a certainly respectable part of the Preble county contingent in the great war, it is not now practicable to obtain.
     Besides all these, and those who enlisted from Preble county in the regular army, whose names, like the others, it is not now practicable to obtain, there was also the noble army of

THE SQUIRREL HUNTERS.

     The dangers threatening Cincinnati in the latter part of the summer of 1862, led Governor Tod, (as we shall see more fully hereafter, in the chapter on "the siege of Cincinnati,") to make a general announcement to the men of Ohio, that all who reported with arms in hand would be transported at public expense to that city, and received for the time being, into the service of the State.  Telegraphic tenders had already been made to the authorities of that city, of militia, in large numbers, from Preble, Warren, Greene, Butler, Franklin, and other counties; so that thousands stood ready to answer the call without delay.  Before daylight of the next morning after the proclamation of the governor, and tread of the advance of the grand army of Buckeye yeomen was heard upon the stony pavements of Cincinnati.  As rapidly as possible the thronging hosts arriving were organized into companies and regiments, and sent to the works back of Covington, to the guard stations along the river, or to other posts of duty.  The total number known to have entered this temporary service from the State at large is fifteen thousand seven hundred and sixty-six, which was doubtless exceeded by several hundred, at least - of which Preble county furnished three hundred, at least - of which Preble county furnished three hundred and seventy-two.  To the peculiarity of dress in many of them, and armament of numbers with light squirrel guns, suggested the happy title of "Squirrel Hunters," for the entire unique contingent, but by whom it was first applied, the historian has failed to learn.  The designation has, however, passed honorably into history.  The squirrel, amid appropriate scenery, and the squirrel hunter, in fitting costime, and in the act of loading his firearm, appear in good style upon the discharge certificates granted the hunters upon the termination of their services; and a spirited page engraving, in the first volume of Mr. Reid's "Ohio in the War," further illustrates and commemorates their personnel and deeds.
     The Hunters were not long needed.  Their relief from service began within ten or twelve days after they were called out, and by the middle of September nearly all were relieved and had returned to their homes.  On Saturday, the thirteenth of that month, Governor Tod telegraphed to Stanton, Secretary of War.
     "The Minute Men, or 'Squirrel Hunters,' responded gloriously to the call for the defense of Cincinnati.  Thousands reached the city, and thousands more were en route for it.  The enemy having retired all have been ordered back.  This uprising of the people is the cause of the retreat.  You should publicly acknowledge this gallant conduct."
     At the next session of the legislature, an act was passed, and approved March 11, 1863, ordering the preparation and issue of formal discharge certificates "for the patriotic men of the State who responded to the call of the governor, and went to the southern border to repel the invader, and who will be known in history as the 'Squirrel Hunters.'"  These papers, handsomely engraved and printed, and issued to large numbers of those entitled to them, read as follows:

THE SQUIRREL HUNTERS' DISCHARGE.

     Our southern border was menaced by the enemies of our Union.  David Tod, Governor of Ohio, called on the Minute Men of the State, and the "Squirrel Hunters" came by thousands so the rescue.  You, ------, were one of them, and this is your Honorable Discharge.
     September, 1862.                                                                     CHAS. W. HILL,
                                                                                                       Adj't. Gen. of Ohio
                                                                                                     MALCOLM MCDOWELL,
                                                                                                        Major and A. D. C. 
Approved by
     DAVID TOD, Governor.              
     This was accompanied, in each case, by this ringing letter from the governor, neatly printed for the purpose:

                                    THE STATE OF OHIO, EXECUTIVE DEPARTMENT,}
                                                            COLUMBUS, MARCH 4, 1863,     }

  Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the State of Ohio,
That the Governor be, and he is hereby authorized and directed to appropriate out of his contingent fund, a sufficient sum to pay for printing and lithographing discharges for the patriotic men of the State, who responded to the call of the Governor, and went to our southern border to repel the invaders, and who will be known in history as the "SQUIRREL HUNTERS."
    
And in obedience thereto, I do most cheerfully herewith enclose a certificate of your service.  But for the gallant services of yourself and the other members of the corps of patriotic "Squirrel Hunters," rendered in September last, Ohio, our dear State, would have been invaded by a band of pirates determined to overthrow the best Government on earth, our wives and children would have been violated and murdered, and our homes plundered and sacked.  Your children, and our children's children, will be proud to know that you were one of this glorious band.
     Preserve the certificate of service and discharge, herewith enclosed to you as evidence of this gallantry.  The rebellion is not yet crushed out, and therefore the discharge may not be final; keep the old gun then in order,; see that the powder-horn and bullet-pouch are supplied, and caution your patriotic mothers or wives to be at all times prepared to furnish you a few days' cooked rations, so that if your services are called for (which ay God in his infinite goodness forbid) you may again prove yourselves "Minute Men" and again protect our loved homes.
     Invoking God's choicest blessings upon yourself and all who are dear to you.               
                                I am, very truly, yours,            DAVID TOD, Governor.

 

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