OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS


A Part of Genealogy Express

 

Welcome to
Mahoning County, Ohio
History & Genealogy

Source:
20th Century History of
Youngstown & Mahoning Co., Ohio

and Representative Citizens - Publ. Biographical Publ. Co.
Chicago, Illinois -
1907

-------------------

CONTENTS

  PAGE
CHAPTER I. - GEOLOGY - NOT STARTED 21
   - Geological Structure of the State
 - The Geological Foundations of Ohio of Marine Origin  Prehistoric Conditions
 - First Land Plants: Origin of Coal Fields
 - First Permanent Dry Land
 - Age of Reptiles: First Mammals
 - The Glacial Period
 - Effect of Glacial Action on the Landscape
 - Surface Features of Mahoning County
 - Geological Structure of Mahoning County  Conglomerate
 - Fossil Nuts and Fruits of the Carboniferous Age Found in Mahoning County.
 
CHAPTER II. - PREHISTORIC RACES - NOT STARTED 31
   - Speculation on the Origin of the American Race
 - Antiquity of Man in America
 - Probable European Origin of the American Races
 - The Mound Builders.
 
CHAPTER III. - FRENCH DISCOVERIES AND EXPLORATIONS - NOT STARTED 34
   - Early French Explorers
 - Verrazano, Cartier and Roberval
 - Expedition of DeMonts
 - Champlain explores Acadia
 - Establishment of Missions
 - First English Opposition
 - Attacks by the Indians
 - Exploration of the Great Lakes and the Mississippi.
 
CHAPTER IV. - INDIAN OCCUPANCY - NOT STARTED 39
   - The Iroquois
 - Their Famous League, Habits and Costume
 - The Algonquins, Their Commerce, Picture-Writing and Religion
 - Indian Warfare
 - Iroquois Conquests
 - Extermination of the Eries
 - The Chahta-Muskoki Stock.
 
CHAPTER V. - COLONIAL CHARTERS AND LAND TITLES - NOT STARTED 44
   - Erroneous Ideas of Early Navigators and Geographers
 - Attempts to Reach the South sea Overland
 - Virginia's Charters
 - Massachusetts' Charters
 - The Grant to Penn
 - Overlapping Boundaries
 - Dispute with Virginia
 - Connecticut's Claims
 - Conflict with Pennsylvania
 - Council of Trenton
 - Western Reserve.
 
CHAPTER VI. - THE NORTHWEST WRESTED FROM FRANCE - NOT STARTED 50
   - American History Influenced by the Iroquois
 - Indian Cessions
 - English Settlers Cross the Mountains
 - The French Precipitate the War
 - Pontiac's Conspiracy
 - Boquet's Expedition.
 
CHAPTER VII. - THE TRANSITION PERIOD - FROM WAR TO WAR - NOT STARTED 57
   - English Jealousy of the Colonies
 - Lord Dunmore's War - Frontier Characters
 - First White Man's House in Ohio
 - Military Expeditions to the West
 - Martial Law
 - George III. Forbids Western Settlement.
 
CHAPTER VIII. - EXPEDITION OF GEORGE ROGERS CLARK - NOT STARTED 62
   - Clark's Project
 - Capture of Forts Kaskaskia, Cahokia and Vincennes
 - The British Try to Recover the Forts
 - Project Against Detroit Abandoned
 - Disappearance of the French Population
 - The British Retain the Northwestern Forts after the Treaty of Paris.
 
CHAPTER IX. - STATE CESSIONS. - NOT STARTED 65
   - A New Phase of the Land Question
 - Maryland's Proposal
 - National Ownership Proposed by Rhode Island
 - Delay in Ratifying the Articles
 - Claims of the Indiana and Other Companies
 - New York Makes the First Cession
 - Conditional Cessions
 - Unconditional Cessions Urged by Congress
 - Triumph of the National Idea.
 
CHAPTER X. - SALE OF THE WESTERN RESERVE - FINISHED 10/1/2018 71
   - Division into Townships
 - The Parsons Purchase
 - The Fire Lands
 - The Act of 1795
 - Sales to the Connecticut Land Company.
 
CHAPTER XI. - THE CONNECTICUT LAND COMPANY - NOT STARTED 75
   - Articles of Association
 - The Excess Company
 - The Company's Title Perfected
 - Ordinance of 1787
 - Extinction of the Indian Title
 - Survey of the Reserve
 - Quantity of Land in the Reserve
 - The Equalizing Committee
 - Mode of Partition
 - The Drafts.
 
CHAPTER XII. - THE SETTLEMENT OF OHIO - NOT STARTED 87
   - Land Bounties
 - The Ohio Company
 - Founding of Marietta
 - Abundance of Game
 - The Moravian Settlements
 - Founding of Columbia, Cincinnati and North Bend
 - Floods Damage of Settlements
 - The Scioto Land Swindle
 - The Virginia Military District.
 
CHAPTER XIII. - SETTLEMENT AND ORGANIZATION OF MAHONING COUNTY - NOT STARTED 97
   - Lines of Development
 - Date of the First Settlement on the Reserve
 - First Wheat Cut on the Reserve
 - First Postal Service
 - Early Conditions of Life
 - A Primitive Mill
 - Old Time Threshing
 - Bounty on Wolf Scalps
 - Olden School Days
 - Early Youngstown Citizens
 - Draft of 1812
 - Homemade Soap
 - The Old Ash Hopper
 - Soap Spookery
 - The Old Ashery
 - The Stage Driver
 - Matches Unknown
 - If Fires All Went Out
 - Wild Pigeons; Where are They?
 - Pioneer Milling Enterprises
 - Slavery
 - County Seat Located
 - Early Elections
 - First County Seat Issue
 - Useless Legislation
 - Renewal of the Strife
 - Some Interesting Old Letters
 - County Seat Changed.
 
CHAPTER XIV. - COUNTY OFFICIALS SINCE THE ORGANIZATION OF MAHONING COUNTY - NOT STARTED 118
   - Auditors
 - Sheriffs
 - County Commissioners
 - Treasurers
 - Recorders
 - Prosecuting Attorneys
 - Probate Judges
 - State Representatives
 - State Senators
 - Vote for Governor.
 
CHAPTER XV. - YOUNGSTOWN - THE COUNTY SEAT - PARTIALLY DONE 122
   - Laid Out by John Young
 - First Events
 - Discovery of Coal
 - Judge Kirtland's Reminiscences
 - Celebrating the Fourth
 - First Murder Trial
 - Pioneer Schools
 - Feminine Costumes
 - Wet Seasons of 1810-1812
 - Early Amusements
 - Pioneer Houses
 - Elections
 - Incorporation
 - City of the Second Class
 - Extensions of Limits
 - Mayors of Youngstown
 - Other Officials
 - Youngstown Citizens in 1841
 - Cemeteries - Parks
 - Water Works and Filter Plant
 -  Fire Department
 - Police Department
 - Mahoning & Shenango Railway & Light Company
 - Board of Trade and Chamber of Commerce
 - Mahoning Gas Fuel Co.
 - Telephone Companies
 - Humane Society
 - Opera House
 - Park Theatre
 - A few Statistics
 - Notable Personages.
 
CHAPTER XVI. - TOWNSHIPS AND TOWNS - PARTIALLY DONE 4/27/2016 169
  Settlement and Organization of the Townships - Settlement and Foundingof the Towns -
Sketches of:
Austintown Township - 169  - finished 9/24/2018
 - Early Settlements
 - Schools
 - West Austintown
Beaver Township - 172 - finished 9/30/2018
 - Pioneers
 - Organization
 - Mining and Manufacturing
 - North Lima
 - East Lewistown
 -
Schools
 - Morgantown Gang
Berlin Township - 176 - finished 9/30/2018
 
- Settlement
 - Early Industries
 - Post Office
 - Schools
 - Churches
 - Societies
 - Miscellaneous
Boardman Township - 178 -  Not finished
 - Settlement
 - First Election
 - The War of 1812
 - Churches
 - Schools
 - Industries
 - Mills
 - Some First Events
Canfield Township - 181 -  Not finished
 - Some First Events
 - Early Merchants
 - Canfield, The County Seat
 - Canville Village
 - Northeastern Ohio Normal College
 - Churches
 - Methodist Episcopal
 - Christian
 - Reformed
 - Schools
 - The Press
 - Canfield's Industries
Coitsville Township - 196 -  updated 4/27/2016
 - Character of the Settlers
 - Highways
 - Mills
 - Schools
 - Churches
 - Presbyterian
 - A Residence Suburb
Ellsworth Township - 199 - Not finished
 - First Events
 - Some Historical Facts.
 - 1804 - 1854 Ellsworth's Semi-Centennial Celebration
 - Part of the Earliest History of Ellsworth Township, Trumbull, (Now Mahoning) County, Ohio
 - Schools
 - Churches
Goshen Township - 203 - Not finished
 - Settlement
 - Organization
 - Villages
 - Industries
 - Schools
 - Damascus Academy
 - Township Schools
 - Churches
Green Township - 208 - finished 9/24/2018
 - Organization
 - Villages
 - Schools and Churches
Jackson Township - 209 - Not finished 
 - Schools
 - Churches
 - Industrial Enterprises
Lowellville Township - 220 - Not finished
Milton Township - 211 - finished 9/24/2018
 - Industries
 - Organization
 - Schools
 - Churches
 - Cemeteries
Poland Township - 212 - Updated 9/30/2018
 - Early Tax Rate
 - Militia
 - Poland Village
 - Poland Union Seminary
 - Poland Township Schools
 - Lowellville
 - Schools
 - Churches
 - Struthers
 - Manufactures
 - Schools
Petersburg Township - Not finished
Sebring Township - Not finished
Smith Township - 225 - finished
 - Organization
 - North Benton
 - Westville
 - Beloit
 - Sebring

 - Township Schools
 - Miscellaneous
 - Churches
Springfield Township - 229 - finished
 - Settlement
 - Villages
 - New Springfield
 - New Middleton

 - Township schools
 
CHAPTER XVII. - TRANSPORTATION - NOT STARTED 231
   - Introductory
 - Railroad Era - Erie Railroad
 - Pennsylvania Lines
 - Lake Shore & Michigan Southern Railway
 - Pittsburg & Lake Erie Railroad
 - Baltimore & Ohio Railroad
 - Youngstown & Southern Railway.
 
CHAPTER XVIII. - THE COAL AND IRON INDUSTRIES - NOT STARTED 246
   - The County Formerly an Important Coal Mining Center
 - Extensive Operations
 - The Manufacture of Iron an Old Established and Leading Industry of the Mahoning Valley
 - A Large Amount of Capital Invested in These Two Industries of Mahoning County.
 
CHAPTER XIX. - MANUFACTURES - NOT STARTED 251
  The County's Chief Manufacturing Establishments.  
CHAPTER XX. - BANKS AND BANKING - NOT STARTED 271
   - Youngstown Banks
 - First National - Mahoning National
 - Commercial National
 - Dollar Savings and Trust Co.
 - Home Savings and Loan Co.
 - Equity Savings and Loan Co.
 - Youngstown Savings and Banking Co.
 - International Bank.
 
CHAPTER XXI. - THE BENCH AND BAR. - PARTIALY DONE 9/26/2018 279
   - Its Early History
 - First Court and First Lawyers
 - Great Lawyers of Former Years
 - The Present Bar and Its High Standing.
 
CHAPTER XXII. - THE MEDICAL PROFESSION - PARTIALY DONE 9/26/2018 319
  Eminent Physicians of the Past and of the Present.  
CHAPTER XXIII. - RELIGIOUS DEVELOPMENT - NOT STARTED 341
   - First Churches and Pioneer Ministers
 - General History of Religious Organizations
 - Churches and Clergy of Today.
 
CHAPTER XXIV. - EDUCATION. - NOT STARTED 374
   - The Public and Parochial Schools of the County
 - Their Growth and Present and Present Efficiency
 - Some of the Early Educators
 - The Growth and Progress of the Public Schools of Youngstown and Their Present Encouraging Conditions.
 
CHAPTER XXV. - FRATERNAL AND BENEVOLENT ORGANIZATIONS. - NOT STARTED 386
   - Free Masons
 - Odd Fellows
 - Elks
 - Knights of Pythias
 - Knights of the Golden Eagle
 - National Protective Legion
 - Other Societies.
 
CHAPTER XXVI. - PUBLIC INSTITUTIONS. - PARTIALLY DONE 399
   - County Infirmary
 - Youngstown Free Public Library
 - Youngstown City Hospital
 - Mahoning Valley Hospital
 - Glenwood Children's Home
 - Florence Crittenden Home.
 
CHAPTER XXVII. - MILITARY HISTORY OF THE COUNTY. - PARTIALLY DONE 411
   - War of 1812
 - Mexican War
 - War of the Rebellion
 - Spanish America War.
 
CHAPTER XXVIII. - THE PRESS - PARTIALLY DONE 427
  Newspapers and Editors of the Past and Present  

BIOGRAPHICAL

435
   

ILLUSTRATIONS:

 
B. & O. Railroad Station, Youngstown 396
CHURCHES:  
 - First Baptist Church, Youngstown 358
 - First Presbyterian Church, Youngstown 358
 - Central Christian Church - Youngstown 138
 - Helen Chapel, Youngstown 358
 - Old M. E. Church, Poland 188
 - Presbyterian Church, Canfield 206
 - Richard Brown Memorial Chapel, Youngstown 62
 - St. Columba's Church and Parsonage, Youngstown 328
 - St. John's Episcopal Church, Youngstown 62
 - St. Joseph's Church, Youngstown 328
 - St. John's Episcopal Church, Youngstown 62
 - St. Joseph's Church, Youngstown 328
 - Trinity M. E. Church, Youngstown 328
 - United Presbyterian Church 328
 - Westminster Presbyterian Church, Youngstown 358
Cemetery, Calvary, Entrance to 102
Cemetery, Oak Hill, Entrance to 102
Children's Home, Youngstown 404
Cunningham Furniture & Undertaking Co., Store of Lowellville 786
Dollar Savings & Trust Co., The.  Youngstown 276
Elks Club, Youngstown 786
Dollar Savings & Trust  C9.  The Youngstown 276
Elk's Club, Youngstown 396
Federal Building.  Youngstown 396
International Bank, Youngstown 276
I. O. O. F. Building, Youngstown 396
IRON AND STELL PLANTS -  
 - Bessemer Plant, Republic Iron & Steel Co., Youngstown 260
 - Furnaces of the Struthers Furnace Co., Struthers 260
 - Haselton Furnaces of the Republic Iron & Steel Co., Youngstown 260
 - Ohio Furnaces, Carnegie Steel Co., Youngstown 260
 - Ohio Works, Carnegie Steel Co., Youngstown 276
John Frech Building, Lowellville 238
Kurz Block, Youngstown 952
Lanterman's Mill and Falls 92
Library, Reuben McMillen Free Public, Youngstown 80
Log House, Thorn Hill, Coitsville Township 206
Lomax, William L., Store of, Lowellville 990
Mahoning County Court House, Youngstown 114
Mahoning County Infirmary, Canfield 188
Mahoning Valley Hospital, Youngstown 114
New Mahoning County Court House 114
Old Mahoning Court House, Canfield 114
Original Poland Union Seminary 188

PAROCHIAL SCHOOLS -
 
 - Immaculate Conception School, Youngstown 380
 - St. Columba's School and Ursaline Convent, Youngstown 380
 - St. Joseph's School, Youngstown 396
Pioneer Pavilion 92

PORTRAITS -
 
 - Andrews, Chauncey H. 440
 - Arrel, James T. 1012
 - Baldwin, Hon. Frank L. 560
 - Booth, Lloyd 578
 - Brown, Joseph H. 606
 - Brown, Richard 584
 - Clark, Gen. George Rogers 54
 - Clark, Mrs. Hettie J. 916
 - Clark, Myron S., M. D. 916
 - Creed, Mrs. Ella P. 858
 - Creed, Thomas A. 858
 - Cunningham, Jesse 787
 - DeCamp, Mrs. Sallly Ann 934
 - DeCamp, Thomas P. 934
 - Frech, John 798
 - Gibson, Samuel 460
 - Gibson, William T. 546
 - Gluck, Mr. and Mrs. Louis 906
 - Hamery, Gustav V. 808
 - Harding, George W. 738
 - Harding, Mrs. Lucretia M. 738
 - Harmer, Gen. Josiah 54
 - Harrison, Gen. William H. 54
 - Heller, Adolph 838
 - Heller, Louis 896
 - Hughes, Wallace K., M. D. 694
 - Ilgenfritz, John 1004
 - Ilgenfritz, Mrs. Mary M. 1004
 - Jackson, Sidney DeL. 484
 - Johnston, Hon. Joseph R. 446
 - Jones, Prior T. 998
 - Jones, THomas B. 636
 - Kennedy, Hon. James 532
 - Kennedy, Patrick M. 752
 - Kirk, John C. 776
 - Kirtland, Charles N. 554
 - Kirtland, Cook F. 454
 - Klute, Rev. John 662
 - Knauf, Thomas L. 708
 - Kurz, Rudolph 954
 - Lanterman, German 953
 - Lanterman, Mrs. Sally Ann 972
 - Liddle, Mark H. 730
 - Lomax, William J. 992
 - McCurdy, Robert 434
 - McGinnis, Mrs. Mary M. 477
 - McGinnis, William H. 476
 - McCartney, Joseph G. 622
 - McClure, George M. 628
 - McKelvey, George M. 614
 - McVey, John E. 568
 - Mackey, David 722
 - Mackey, James 510
 - Mackey, Robert 550
 - Manchester, Hon. Hugh A. 592
 - Mansfield, Hon. Ira F. 876
 - Millikin, George W. 828
 - Millikin, Mrs. Mary C. 828
 - Morse, Henry K. 538
 - Neilson, James 670
 - Osborne, Calvin 700
 - Price, James S. 770
 - Riblet, William W. 716
 - Richards, Samuel A. 886
 - Robinson, Elmer C. 848
   
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