Welcome to
Fayette County,


By Rufus Putnam of Chillicothe, O.
Applegate, Pounsford & Co. Print, 43 Main Street,


     Fayette was formed in March, 1810, from Ross and Highland, and named from the Marquis de La Fayette.  The surface is generally level.  About half the soil is a dark, vegetable loam, on a clayey sub-soil, mixed with a limestone gravel; the rest is a yellow, clayey loam.  The principal productions are wheat, corn, cattle, hogs, sheep and wool.  In the Northeastern part is a small tract called "the barrens," so termed from the land being divested of undergrowth and tall timber.  It is covered with a grass well adapted to pasturage.  The grown of the County in former years, was retarded by much of the land being owned by non-residents, and not in market, and also from the wet lands, which, contrary to the original opinion, have, when drained, proved very productive.  The population in 1810, was about 3,000; in 1820, 6,336; in 1830, 8,183; in 1840, 10,979; and in 1850 12726; 1860, 16935; 1870, 17,181.
     Washington, the County seat, was laid out in 1810, on land given for that purpose, by Benjamin Temple, of Kentucky, out of his survey.  The pioneers of Fayette County, were principally from Virginia and Kentucky, and were generally hale and robust, brave and generous.  Thomas McDonald, one of the earliest in the County, was with General Massie, laying off the County surveys; he rendered valuable services in Wayne's campaign, in which he acted as a spy, and was also in the war of 1812.
     Dr. Thomas McGara was the first physician in the town of Washington.  He represented the County in the Legislature, and was Associate Judge.  Joyn Popejoy was one of the first Justices in the County.
     The first Court of Common Pleas in the County was held by Judge Thompson, in the cabin of John Devault, north of Bloomingburg.  The Judge received a severe lecture from old Mrs. Devault, for sitting upon, and rumpling her bed.  The grand jury held their deliberations in the stable, and in the hazel brush.
     Among the families of great notoriety were the Funks.  The men, from Old Adam down to Absalom, were of uncommonly large size, and distinguished for their boldness, activity and fighting propensities.  Jake Funk, the most notorious, having been arrested in Kentucky, for passing counterfeit money, or some other crime, was bailed by a friend, a Kentuckian by the name of Trumbo.  Having failed to appear at Court, Trumbo, with about a dozen of his friends, well armed, proceeded to the house of the Funks, for the purpose of taking Jake, running him to Kentucky, and delivering him up to the proper authorities, to free himself from paying bail.  The Funks, hearing of his contemplated attack, prepared themselves for the battle.  Old Adam, the father, took his seat in the middle of the floor to give commands to his sons, who were armed with pistols, knives, etc.  When Trumbo and his men appeared, they were warned to desist, instead of which, they made a rush at Jake, who was on the porch.  A Mr. Wilson of the attacking party, grappled with Jake, which the firing commenced on both sides; Wilson was shot dead.  Ab. Funk was shot down.  Trumbo, having clinched Jake, the latter drew him to the door, and was about to cut his throat with a large knife, when old Adam cried out "Spare him; don't kill him, his father once save me from being killed by the Indians," at which he was let off after being severely wounded, and him companions were glad to escape with their lives.  The old house, says Robinson, is yet standing, on the East Fork, now Paint Township, showing bullet holes in the logs, as a memento of the bloody battle and tragedy.  We now name the old block house, Funk's Fort.  The Funk family were no enemies to whisky.  Old Adam, with some of his comrades, being one day at Roebuck's grocery, the first opened in the County - about a mile below Funk's house - became merry by drinking.  Old  Adam, wishing to carry a gallon home, in vane endeavored to procure even a washtub for the purpose.  Observing one of Roebuck's pigs roaming about the yard, he purchased it for a dollar, and skinned it whole, taking out the bone about two inches from the root of the tail, which served as a neck for the bottle.  Tying up the other holes, that would of necessity be in the skin, he poured in the liquor, and started for home with his company, where they all got drunk from the contents of the hog skin.
     A duel and fought in 1779, between two Indian Chiefs, Captain John and John Cushen.  Captain John killed his antagonist.  Their weapons were tomahawks, which they swung over their heads, yelling in the most terific manner.  Language failed to describe the horrible scene.  Captain John's tomahawk sunk deep in the head of Cushen, and, as above stated, he was killed.  Thus ended this affair of honor between two savages of early days.
     Jesse Milliken, one of the first settlers in the County, was the first Postmaster, and the first Clerk of both the Common Pleas and Superior Courts of the County, in all of which offices he continued, until his death, in August, 1835.  He was also an excellent surveyor, and performed much of the first surveying done in the County, and erected some of the first houses built in the town.
     Wade Loofboroough, Esq., was one of the first citizens and lawyers in Washington.  Hamilton  and Benjamin Rogers, Wm. Harper, James Hays, Hackney Hays, Michael Carr, Peter Eyeman, William Snyder, Samuel Waddle, James Sanderson and H. Sanderson were all early settlers.

Fayette County - Its First County Officials.

     Judge Thompson, C. J., Judge McGarraugh, Gen. Beatal Harrison, and James Mooney, were the first Associate Judges; Jesse Millikan, first Clerk; Thomas Robinson, first Sheriff; Norman F. Jones, first Auditor, and Jesse Millikan, first Recorder.  Jacob Jimison, James Brooks, and John Harrold, first Commissioners; Bereman and Poff, first Editors and Publishers; Robert Robinson, first Assessor; and James Beaty, first Deputy; Jesse Millikan, first Postmaster.  Peter Hefly, Robert Waddle, Pearson Evans, and John Evans, first merchants; Robert Casna, first saddler; Zimmerman, first doctor; J. Dickey; first preacher; S. Dempsey was the first Justice; Doctors Potts, Balridge and McGarrough, early settlers; Joseph Blackmore and John Evans, first tanners.  William Robinson settled on Sugar Creek, in 1802.


     Edward Smith, Sr., emigrated to Fayette County, in 1810, the same year it was organized.  He entered his land on the waters of Paint Creek, since called the East Fork.  The land was a dense forest, inhabited by Indians and beasts of prey.  He erected his wigwam, and commenced clearing and improving his land, when, on a sudden, the war broke in on his arrangements, and he, with his neighbors, volunteered and served their tour in the defense of his adopted State.  At the close or the war he returned home, and recommenced the improving of his land.  On returning to his home one night from Washington, the creek had raised; he attempted to cross, but was thrown from his horse and drowned.  He was the father of ten children, Sarah, Caselman, Mary, Susan, Rachel, Eliza, Selnia, Edward, July and Maggie, all married.  Mrs. Smith died, aged 84.  Edward Smith's family Mary C. Caselman, Lewis, James, Len., John R., Noah, Rachel, and William are all living.  Mrs. Smith, wife of Edward Smith, Jr., is living, and looks fresh and young, and is enjoying herself in her neat, tasty and splendid mansion, where she entertains her numerous relatives and friends, in social chat, when they visit her.  May she live many years to enjoy her earthly palace and the society of her children and friends, is the ardent desire of the Author.
     The following names and records of pioneer and early settlers was handed in by Edward Smith, Jr.: Jacob Casselman, a noted hunter and farmer; John Thomas, farmer, was in the war of 1812; Jacob Judy, a large farmer, was in the war of 1812; he was a man of note and influence.  His old pioneer house is now occupied by his daughter.  Col. Joseph Bell, a military officer, a farmer and a man of notoriety; Robert Robinson, attorney, and an early Representative of Fayette County; Hon. Wade Loofbarrow, attorney and an early representative of Fayette County.  Col. S. F. Carr, attorney, a man of sense, a military man, has held several important trusts, Representative of the County of the Legislature.  His oration, delivered July 4, 1871, should be printed on satin, preserved, and handed down to the latest posterity.  He was at the late pioneer fair, and greatly enjoyed himself.  May he live many years to enjoy the company of his numerous friends.  He is now acting Justice of Union Township.  Peter Window, Buggie maker; Brice Webster, farmer; Robert Harrison; Joseph Orr, farmer; James Harrison, farmer; Rev. Thomas Walker, preacher; J. Walker; C. Walker, died aged 90; James Timmons died aged 99.  James McGower, Henry Walker, saddlers; Patrick Pendergrass, Lewis Walker, Thomas Pendergrass, James Allen, John Briggs, Samuel Webster, R. Harrison, Moses Rowe, Daniel McLane, John Hues, B. Ball, aged 98; John Weeks, John Dehaver, aged 101; Wm. Highland, H. Hartman, Robert Genriew, Abram Ware, N. James, David Thompson, Daniel Shery, John Rankin, N. Evans, John Allen, David Morris, Oliver Hill.  The above are all farmers and honest men.
     John Briggs, farmer and hunter; Zeph. Dunn, hunter and farmer; Abram Ware, Elisha Taylor and Col. Jewett  were all in the war of 1812; occupations, farmers.  John Rankin, B. Landgurey, Nathan Loofbarrow, Jerome Deace, James McCoy, and Henry Quill, were all noted stock dealers.  Isaac Templeton was father of eighteen children, (three sets of twins) a day laborer.  Abel Wright and John Myers, tanner and farmer; Joseph Blackburn was 99, tanner; Stephen Grub, carpenter; Isaac Jenkins, 90, farmer; Judge Gillaspie, a man of influence; Noah Dewalt, George Hinkle carpenters; Zebude Higler and John Grady were the first butchers.


     Mound on Edward Smith's farm on the waters of East Fork Paint.  First hose erected in Washington, by Mr. Crusuer, 1807, of logs.


     Main and East Paint, Poney Creek, Allen Run, Short Run, Rogers Run, Taylor Run, Fiddle Creek, Gots' Run, Smith's Canal, Infirmary Canal, Dickson's Canal, Coal Run, White Sulphur Springs, Red Sulphur Springs.


     Columbus, Springfield, Midway, Wilmington, Chillicothe, Hillsboro, Greenfield, Waterloo, Stanton, Jamestown, Xenia, Plymouth, Bloomingburg, Martinsburg, N. Lancaster, Circleville, by way of New Holland.


     Zanesville & Wilmington.


     Within two miles of Washington, 500 acres of land, donated by Sanford Carder, on which is erected one of the most convenient and elegant Infirmaries in the State.  Cost, $35,000.


     William Rush, an early pioneer, was born in Hampshire County, Virginia, on the 30th of October, 1782.  He emigrated to Ross County, O., in 1799.  His father , John Rush died in 1800.  He was a soldier in the Revolution.  William Rush married Eleanore Ganes; she died in 1834.  His present wife was Harriet Hanson.  AT the close of the war of 1812, he emigrated to Sugar Creek in Union Township.  Mr. Rush was the last of the pioneers on Sugar Creek.
     James Vance was Sheriff of Fayette County two terms is a farmer, a man of true worth and influence, a large stockdealer.  He held the office of Justice several terms.  Harrison Vance, William Vance, Isaac Vance, H. Vance, W. C. Vance, David Vance and J. J. Vance, descended from one stock, all men of character, tact and note as large farmers and stock dealers.  Gen. Joseph Vance, was in the war of 1812.  He served as Governor of Ohio, in 1836-8, and represented the 4th Dist. in Congress several terms.  Col. Joseph Vance, Sr., served in the French and Revolutionary wars.  John King in the war of 1812, farmer; Robert Iron, first surveyor; William Cockerall, first school teacher; John Iron, Trustee; William Boggs, shoemaker; J. and S. Coffin, tailors, and in the war of 1812; James Pollock, Reuben Purcell, carpenters, and in the war of 1812; Wm. Brannon, Sr., Wm. Brannon, Jr. and James Brannon, farmer; C. Coffman, Hiram Rush and n. Rush, farmers; Dr. L. Rush and Dr. B. Rush are sons of the late William Rush.


     We have the following pioneer names:
     Ananias Allen, Madison Allen, James Allen, Joseph Allen, Jesse Allen, Benjamin Allen, and Eben Allen. They live of Allen Run, sometimes called Big Run.  They are men of large hearts, business qualifications, large farmers and stock dealers and useful citizens.  Gen. Ethan Allen, of Revolutionary fame, and all the  Allens in America, are descended from Major Benjamin Allen, who fell in General Braddock's defeat, near Fort Pitt, in 1755.
     For many years Fayette was the reserve for the Indians, but as a race they have withered from our lands.  Their arrows are yet plowed up, their springs are forsaken, their cabins are in ruins, their council fires gone out on our plains, and the war cry is heard no more.  Their war dances have ceased, and slowly and mournfully they ascend the Rocky Mountains, and read their doom in the setting sun.  They are shrinking before the mighty tide of paleface emigration, which is pressing them into the Pacific Ocean.  They will soon be extinct, and hear the last roar of the last cannon of their white enemy, which will settle over their destiny forever.  Ages hence the inquiring paleface, as he stands by some growing city, will ponder on the structure of their disturbed remains, and wonder to what manner of persons they belonged.  Within the past year skeletons have been exhumed from the mounds of Fayette County, and it has been a question and a wonder to what manner of persons they belonged.  Soon the Native American, once numerous and powerful, will live only in the songs and chronicles of their exterminators.
     I will here, for the benefit of the readers of this record, insert the average ages of our race.  From 1634 to 1812, - 74; from 1812 to 1836, - 36; from 1836 to 1870, - 33.  Reader ponder over the degeneracy of your race!  Ask the cause!  Fast living and intemperance is the cause.  "Return to first principles, and your days, according to the Bible, shall be 120 years." - Author.
"Early rising, long life."

" the lark is up to meet the sun,
  The bee is on the wing,
The ant is labor has begun,
  The woods with music ring."

     In these fast days of degeneracy, no man is considered a gentleman unless he is dressed in broadcloth.  This is a mistake.  He is no true gentleman, who, without provocation would treat with incivility the humblest of his race.  It is a vulgarity for which no accomplishment of dress can ever stone.  Shoe me the man who desires to make every one around him happy, and whose greatest solicitude is never to give cause of offense to any one, and I will show you a gentleman by nature and practice, though he may never have worn a suit of broadcloth, or never heard of a lexicon.  I am proud to say for the honor of our race, there are men, in every throb of whose heart there is a solicitude for the welfare of mankind, and whose every breath is perfumed with kindness and benevolence to our species.
     Having given my views in regard to the characteristics of a gentleman, I will do the same in reference to the marks or accomplishments of the true lady.  In these latter days, fine dress, and gaudy appearance makes or constitutes the lady.  This is not true.  Principle and friendship in a woman constitutes her a lady, let her dress be ever so fine or shabby.  Her regard for the character, honor and repute of her demeanor, les deep within her heart.  She never breaks her vows, and never counsels you to do an imprudent thing.  She is a man's best friend.  She loves with a natural love.  Her devotion is genuine.  She speaks to all classes, not exclusively to a few.  True female friendship is to a man the bulwark, sweetness and ornament of his existence.  Our early pioneer mothers were all ladies.  Polite, cheerful, frank, social, and showed no distinction.  All were treated alike.  They could card, weave, and spin.  Cold formality and arbitrary aristocracy, in those early days of purity and honesty, were never flaunted in "Love's true philosophy, - equality."

See, the mountains kiss high heaven,
And the rivers with the ocean,
The winds of heaven mix forever
With a sweet emotion,
And the moonbeams kiss the sea.
What are all these kisses worth,
If, thou kiss not me?

Woodman, spare that tree, touch not a single bough.
In youth it shelter'd me, and I'll protect it now.
Twas my forefather's hand, that placed it near his hut,
There, woodman, let it stand, thy ax shall harm it not.
That old familiar tree, whose glory and renown,
Are spread oe'r land and sea, and wouldst thou hew it down?
Woodman, forbear thy stroke, cut not its earth-bound ties,
Oh!  spare that aged oak, now towering to the skies.
When but an idle boy, I sought its grateful shade.
In all their gushing joy, here too, my sisters played.
My mother kissed me here, my father pressed my hand.
Forgive this foolish tear; - but let that old oak stand.
My heart-strings round thee cling, close as thy bark, old friend,
Here shall the wild bird sing, and still thy branches bend.
Old tree, the storm still brave! woodman, leave the spot,
While Iv'e a hand to save thy ax shall harm it not.

     ROBERT SMITH emigrated from Virginia at an early day and settled in Ross County, near Bainbridge.  From Ross he went to Fayette.  When the war broke out in 1812, he served as a soldier, (his father was in the Revolution.)  He was a farmer.  His family consisted of Isaac, Alfred, James, David, William H., Henry C., Jerome, Charles W., Eliza, Emma and Mary.
Oftentimes the owner of a valuable horse discovers a spavin making its appearance.  A blister is applied, and often the hair comes off.  Now, I here give you a pioneer's recipe, to grow out the hair.  Take an old boot or shoe, burn to a coal.  Pulverize and mix with lard.  A few applications will cause the hair to grow on the bare place.

     EDWARD TAYLOR was born in Pennsylvania, February 3d, 1772.  His father, William Taylor, was a soldier in the Revolution.  After the close of the war, he emigrated to Kentucky and then to the North-west in 1793.  During the Indian war he served as a spy.  He located in now Ross.  Purchased a tract of land of Joseph Carr, in Kentucky.  He was the father of ten children.  Edward Taylor, the subject of this record, was his sixth son.  Edward emigrated from Kentucky in Ross County in 1808, and to Fayette County, in 1815.  His first wife was Nancy Roach, by whom he had three children; she died in Kentucky in 1807.  He purchased 200 acres of Nathaniel Massie, on Main Paint and Taylor Run in 1815, and married Mary Smith, daughter of Edward Smith, by whom he had ten children:  Rachel, Elizabeth, Edward, Nancy, Emily, Maggie and WashingtonEdward Taylor is the patriarch of Fayette.  In his one hundredth year, his mind unimpaired, health and general appetite good, he still, with the energetic aid of his wife, carries on the agricultural business on the old pioneer farm, which they have occupied and successfully cultivated sixty-two years; and raised a large family, all married and doing well - some in Fayette, and some in adjacent counties, some in the West.
     Our early pioneer fathers, were fond of amusement.  It is entirely false reasoning to suppose that any human being can devote himself exclusively to labor of any description.  It will not do.  Rest alone will not give him adequate relief.  He must be amused; laugh, dance and enjoy himself.  hop, Jump and run.  Sing, eat, drink, and do as all our fathers have done.  He must chat with his friends, exercise his mind, exciting gentle emotions; his body in agreeable demonstrations of activity.  The constitution of the human system requires this.  It exacts a variety of influences and emotions.  It will not remain in health if it can not obtain that variety.  But, here permit me to remark, that too much amusement affects it as injuriously, as too sadness.  Too much relaxation is as pernicious as none at all.  But to the industrious toiler, the sunshine of the heart is just as indispensable as the material sunshine is to the flower.  Both soon pine away and die if deprived of it.  King David danced before the Ark, and he was a man after God's heart.


     The Duty of a Mother - She should be firm, gentle and kind; always ready to attend to the wants of her child.  She should never laugh at him, at what he does that is cunning.  Teach him to respect old age.  Strive to inspire love, not dread; respect, not fear; love to God, love to man.


     Our forefathers attributed our national victories, in a great measure, to the abundance of martial music in those days, which are now - in consequence of the disbanding of the militia in our State - unheard.  Martial pioneer music calls back to the mind the "times that tried men's souls," and brings to our remembrance, the events of our patriotic pioneer fathers.  Martial music dispels all fear from the breast of the soldier when he is marching forth to take his chances against the enemy.  Although the science of martial music was taught among all the ancients, it was the Greeks who first raised it to the degree of perfection to which it was entitled.  Epaminondas, one of the most illustrious generals and heroes of Greece excelled in martial music.  The musical reputation of Orpheus is known to all the world.  His beautiful daughter, Orida, "played with skill on the Tabor drum."  Orpheus for his skill, received a golden Tabor from Apollo, on which he played so skillfully that even the most rapid rivers ceased to flow, the savage beast forgot his wildness and ferocity, the mountains moved, and the tree tops bent in humble submission.  He gained admission to the palace of Pluto.  The longevity of the ancients is attributable to ancient music.  It improves the mental and physical health of mankind.  It inspires the human breast with a sense of joy and gladness.  It dispels sorrow and grief from the troubled; animates and invigorates our spirits.  Music calls back the joys of the past, when it wakes a glad remembrance of our youth.  It tames the violent passions, gives refinement of our youth.  It tames the violent passions, gives refinement to our stubborn will, and calms the gladiatorial rage of the strong man.  It is no respecter of persons or conditions of life, but its influence is felt by all, from the most boisterous tribes to the most refined and enlightened nations.  It invigorates and enlivens the laborer, when he returns from the toils of his daily occupation to his humble cabin, and listens to the sweet notes of music.  Shakespeare says:

"The man that hath no music in his soul,
And is not moved with concord of sweet sounds,
It only fit for treason, stratagems and spoils."

     To the war warn and sun beaten pioneer, how beautiful it is, when the summer of youth has slowly wasted into the night fall of age, and the shadow of past years grows deeper, as life wears on to its close, to look back through the vista of time, upon the sorrows and felicities of our earthly years.  If we have a home to shelter our frail bodies, and hearts to rejoice us, and friends have been gathered together around our firesides the rought places of our wayfaring will have been worn and smoothed away in the twilight of life, while the sunny spots we  have passed through will grow brighter and more beautiful.  Happy indeed are those whose intercourse with the world has not changed the tone of holier feelings, and broken those musical chords of the heart, whose vibrations are so melodious, so tender and touching in the evening of age.


     HON, J. S. BERREMAN was an early settler in the forests of Fayette.  He has the credit of establishing and printing the first newspaper in the County.  He has served his country in several important trusts, County Clerk, Judge, Representative, and Clerk of that august body.  He is now Mayor of Washington Court house.
     HON. DANIEL McLean, an early settler and a merchant, has held the office of Judge, and is now President of the National Bank.  He is a man of wealth and influence, proverbial for his honesty and benevolence.
     JOSEPH McLEAN, by occupation a farmer.  HE was one of our early emigrants.  A man of integrity and a useful citizen.
     WM. R. MILLIKAN, editor and owner of the Fayette County Herald, was born in Ross County, and when of age emigrated to the West, and then back to Fayette.  He is a nephew of Jesse Milliken, an early pioneer, who was first Postmaster and first Clerk of the Superior and Common Pleas Courts of the County.  Mr. Millikan lost his first wife, and took for his second a daughter of the venerable John Robinson, of Ross County.


     LIEUT. JOHN MILLIKAN, was one of the first permanent pioneers of the Scioto Valley.  Was a man of prominence and influence.  During the war of 1812, he served as a Lieutenant.  Was the father of William R. Millikan, present editor of the Fayette County Herald.  Lieutenant Millikan died in 1813, lamented and respected by all who knew him.  His father served in the revolution.
     JUDGE JAMES BEATY emigrated to Fayette County in 1818.  Washington had but a few log cabins, the County but seven Township sparsely settled.  Deer and game of smaller species were in abundance.  His grandfather, George Beaty, served as a minute man, during the protracted war of the Revolution.  His father was Charles Beaty, who died in 1850, aged 85.  Judge Beaty was in the war of 1812, under Captain Isaac Heiskell, brother of the late John Heiskell, of Clark County, and uncle to D. O. Heiskell, of South Charleston, a brave Virginian, who was the son of a veteran of the Revolution, Adam Heiskell.  About the time the enemy were preparing to attack fort Stevenson, the frontiers were in great danger, and General Harrison wrote to the Governor of Virginia, to send to his aid the volunteer riflemen, organized under the State Laws.  Captain Heiskell, on getting the news, was soon on the war path.  This was named in general call.  Judge Beaty was then but 18 years old.  He belonged to the company and was one of the first to volunteer in the defense of the frontiers, exposed to the British and Indiana.  The march was tedious and long.  No roads nor public conveyances, but wild traces and trails made by the savages.  They suffered untold privations and hardships until they arrived at head-quarters at Upper Sandusky, where were collected 8,000 militia, under Gen. McArthur.  The troops having arrived at Upper Sandusky, formed the Grand Army of the Northwest.  Judge Beaty helped to erect Fort Meigs.
     Judge Beaty, was elected and commissioned an Associate Judge in 1847, and served with great acceptance until the new Constitution was adopted.  Judge Beaty is a strong minded, enterprising man, possessed of an iron will; a man of sense and sound judgment and every way qualified for the honor conferred upon him.  He is an honorable man, strict and close in business, but honest and benevolent, kind to the poor.  He holds his age remarkably wall.  His family record is, Newton, Milton, James, Mary, Henry, and Ferman son-in-law.  Newton is a farmer and stock dealer, Milton farmer and preacher, James farmer, Mary married Henry Ferman.  They occupy the old homestead, and the Judge makes his home with them.  In religion, the Judge is a Presbyterian.


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