BY H. HOW.
Fayette was formed in March, 1810, from Ross and Highland, and
named from the Marquis de La Fayette. The surface
is generally level. About half the soil is a dark,
vegetable loam, on a clayey sub-soil, mixed with a limestone
gravel; the rest is a yellow, clayey loam. The principal
productions are wheat, corn, cattle, hogs, sheep and wool.
In the Northeastern part is a small tract called "the barrens,"
so termed from the land being divested of undergrowth and tall
timber. It is covered with a grass well adapted to
pasturage. The grown of the County in former years, was
retarded by much of the land being owned by non-residents, and
not in market, and also from the wet lands, which, contrary to
the original opinion, have, when drained, proved very
productive. The population in 1810, was about 3,000; in
1820, 6,336; in 1830, 8,183; in 1840, 10,979; and in 1850 12726;
1860, 16935; 1870, 17,181.
Washington, the County seat, was laid out in 1810, on
land given for that purpose, by Benjamin Temple, of
Kentucky, out of his survey. The pioneers of Fayette
County, were principally from Virginia and Kentucky, and were
generally hale and robust, brave and generous. Thomas
McDonald, one of the earliest in the County, was with
General Massie, laying off the County surveys; he rendered
valuable services in Wayne's campaign, in which he acted as a
spy, and was also in the war of 1812.
Dr. Thomas McGara was the first physician in the
town of Washington. He represented the County in the
Legislature, and was Associate Judge. Joyn Popejoy
was one of the first Justices in the County.
The first Court of Common Pleas in the County was held
by Judge Thompson, in the cabin of John Devault,
north of Bloomingburg. The Judge received a severe lecture
from old Mrs. Devault, for sitting upon, and rumpling her
bed. The grand jury held their deliberations in the
stable, and in the hazel brush.
Among the families of great notoriety were the Funks.
The men, from Old Adam down to Absalom, were of
uncommonly large size, and distinguished for their boldness,
activity and fighting propensities. Jake Funk, the
most notorious, having been arrested in Kentucky, for passing
counterfeit money, or some other crime, was bailed by a friend,
a Kentuckian by the name of Trumbo. Having failed
to appear at Court, Trumbo, with about a dozen of his
friends, well armed, proceeded to the house of the Funks,
for the purpose of taking Jake, running him to Kentucky,
and delivering him up to the proper authorities, to free himself
from paying bail. The Funks, hearing of his
contemplated attack, prepared themselves for the battle.
Old Adam, the father, took his seat in the middle of the
floor to give commands to his sons, who were armed with pistols,
knives, etc. When Trumbo and his men appeared, they
were warned to desist, instead of which, they made a rush at
Jake, who was on the porch. A Mr. Wilson of the
attacking party, grappled with Jake, which the firing
commenced on both sides; Wilson was shot dead. Ab.
Funk was shot down. Trumbo, having clinched
Jake, the latter drew him to the door, and was about to cut
his throat with a large knife, when old Adam cried out
"Spare him; don't kill him, his father once save me from being
killed by the Indians," at which he was let off after being
severely wounded, and him companions were glad to escape with
their lives. The old house, says Robinson, is yet
standing, on the East Fork, now Paint Township, showing bullet
holes in the logs, as a memento of the bloody battle and
tragedy. We now name the old block house, Funk's
Fort. The Funk family were no enemies to whisky.
Old Adam, with some of his comrades, being one day at
Roebuck's grocery, the first opened in the County - about a
mile below Funk's house - became merry by drinking.
Old Adam, wishing to carry a gallon home, in vane
endeavored to procure even a washtub for the purpose.
Observing one of Roebuck's pigs roaming about the yard,
he purchased it for a dollar, and skinned it whole, taking out
the bone about two inches from the root of the tail, which
served as a neck for the bottle. Tying up the other holes,
that would of necessity be in the skin, he poured in the liquor,
and started for home with his company, where they all got drunk
from the contents of the hog skin.
A duel and fought in 1779, between two Indian Chiefs,
Captain John and John Cushen. Captain John
killed his antagonist. Their weapons were tomahawks, which
they swung over their heads, yelling in the most terific
manner. Language failed to describe the horrible scene.
Captain John's tomahawk sunk deep in the head of
Cushen, and, as above stated, he was killed. Thus
ended this affair of honor between two savages of early days.
Jesse Milliken, one of the first settlers in the
County, was the first Postmaster, and the first Clerk of both
the Common Pleas and Superior Courts of the County, in all of
which offices he continued, until his death, in August, 1835.
He was also an excellent surveyor, and performed much of the
first surveying done in the County, and erected some of the
first houses built in the town.
Wade Loofboroough, Esq., was one of the first
citizens and lawyers in Washington. Hamilton and
Benjamin Rogers, Wm. Harper, James Hays, Hackney Hays,
Michael Carr, Peter Eyeman, William Snyder, Samuel Waddle, James
Sanderson and H. Sanderson were all early settlers.
BY JUDGE BEATY.
Fayette County - Its First County Officials.
Judge Thompson, C. J., Judge
McGarraugh, Gen. Beatal Harrison, and James Mooney,
were the first Associate Judges; Jesse Millikan, first
Clerk; Thomas Robinson, first Sheriff; Norman F. Jones,
first Auditor, and Jesse Millikan, first Recorder.
Jacob Jimison, James Brooks, and John Harrold,
first Commissioners; Bereman and Poff, first
Editors and Publishers; Robert Robinson, first Assessor;
and James Beaty, first Deputy; Jesse Millikan,
first Postmaster. Peter Hefly, Robert Waddle, Pearson
Evans, and John Evans, first merchants; Robert
Casna, first saddler; Zimmerman, first doctor; J.
Dickey; first preacher; S. Dempsey was the
first Justice; Doctors Potts, Balridge and McGarrough,
early settlers; Joseph Blackmore and John Evans,
first tanners. William Robinson settled on Sugar
Creek, in 1802.
BY EDWARD SMITH, JR.
Edward Smith, Sr., emigrated to
Fayette County, in 1810, the same year it was organized.
He entered his land on the waters of Paint Creek, since called
the East Fork. The land was a dense forest, inhabited by
Indians and beasts of prey. He erected his wigwam, and
commenced clearing and improving his land, when, on a sudden,
the war broke in on his arrangements, and he, with his
neighbors, volunteered and served their tour in the defense of
his adopted State. At the close or the war he returned
home, and recommenced the improving of his land. On
returning to his home one night from Washington, the creek had
raised; he attempted to cross, but was thrown from his horse and
drowned. He was the father of ten children, Sarah,
Caselman, Mary, Susan, Rachel, Eliza, Selnia, Edward, July
and Maggie, all married. Mrs. Smith died,
aged 84. Edward Smith's family Mary C. Caselman,
Lewis, James, Len., John R., Noah, Rachel, and William
are all living. Mrs. Smith, wife of Edward
Smith, Jr., is living, and looks fresh and young, and is
enjoying herself in her neat, tasty and splendid mansion, where
she entertains her numerous relatives and friends, in social
chat, when they visit her. May she live many years to
enjoy her earthly palace and the society of her children and
friends, is the ardent desire of the Author.
The following names and records of pioneer and early
settlers was handed in by Edward Smith, Jr.: Jacob Casselman,
a noted hunter and farmer; John Thomas, farmer, was in
the war of 1812; Jacob Judy, a large farmer, was in the
war of 1812; he was a man of note and influence. His old
pioneer house is now occupied by his daughter. Col.
Joseph Bell, a military officer, a farmer and a man of
notoriety; Robert Robinson, attorney, and an early
Representative of Fayette County; Hon. Wade Loofbarrow,
attorney and an early representative of Fayette County.
Col. S. F. Carr, attorney, a man of sense, a military man,
has held several important trusts, Representative of the County
of the Legislature. His oration, delivered July 4, 1871,
should be printed on satin, preserved, and handed down to the
latest posterity. He was at the late pioneer fair, and
greatly enjoyed himself. May he live many years to enjoy
the company of his numerous friends. He is now acting
Justice of Union Township. Peter Window, Buggie
maker; Brice Webster, farmer; Robert Harrison; Joseph
Orr, farmer; James Harrison, farmer; Rev. Thomas
Walker, preacher; J. Walker; C. Walker, died aged 90;
James Timmons died aged 99. James McGower, Henry
Walker, saddlers; Patrick Pendergrass, Lewis Walker,
Thomas Pendergrass, James Allen, John Briggs, Samuel Webster, R.
Harrison, Moses Rowe, Daniel McLane, John Hues, B. Ball,
aged 98; John Weeks, John Dehaver, aged 101; Wm.
Highland, H. Hartman, Robert Genriew, Abram Ware, N. James,
David Thompson, Daniel Shery, John Rankin, N. Evans, John Allen,
David Morris, Oliver Hill. The above are all farmers
and honest men.
John Briggs, farmer and hunter; Zeph. Dunn,
hunter and farmer; Abram Ware, Elisha Taylor and
Col. Jewett were all in the war of 1812; occupations,
farmers. John Rankin, B. Landgurey, Nathan
Loofbarrow, Jerome Deace, James McCoy, and Henry Quill,
were all noted stock dealers. Isaac Templeton was
father of eighteen children, (three sets of twins) a day
laborer. Abel Wright and John Myers, tanner
and farmer; Joseph Blackburn was 99, tanner;
Stephen Grub, carpenter; Isaac Jenkins, 90,
farmer; Judge Gillaspie, a man of influence; Noah
Dewalt, George Hinkle carpenters; Zebude Higler and
John Grady were the first butchers.
on Edward Smith's farm on the waters of East Fork Paint.
First hose erected in Washington, by Mr. Crusuer, 1807,
CREEKS, RUNS AND MINERAL SPRINGS.
Main and East Paint, Poney Creek, Allen Run, Short Run, Rogers
Run, Taylor Run, Fiddle Creek, Gots' Run, Smith's Canal,
Infirmary Canal, Dickson's Canal, Coal Run, White Sulphur
Springs, Red Sulphur Springs.
ROADS AND TURNPIKES.
Columbus, Springfield, Midway,
Wilmington, Chillicothe, Hillsboro, Greenfield, Waterloo,
Stanton, Jamestown, Xenia, Plymouth, Bloomingburg, Martinsburg,
N. Lancaster, Circleville, by way of New Holland.
Zanesville & Wilmington.
Within two miles of Washington, 500 acres of land, donated
by Sanford Carder, on which is erected one of the most
convenient and elegant Infirmaries in the State. Cost,
BY MRS. RUSH.
William Rush, an early pioneer, was born in Hampshire
County, Virginia, on the 30th of October, 1782. He
emigrated to Ross County, O., in 1799. His father ,
John Rush died in 1800. He was a soldier in the
Revolution. William Rush married Eleanore Ganes;
she died in 1834. His present wife was Harriet Hanson.
AT the close of the war of 1812, he emigrated to Sugar Creek in
Union Township. Mr. Rush was the last of the
pioneers on Sugar Creek.
James Vance was Sheriff of Fayette County two
terms is a farmer, a man of true worth and influence, a large
stockdealer. He held the office of Justice several terms.
Harrison Vance, William Vance, Isaac Vance, H. Vance, W. C.
Vance, David Vance and J. J. Vance, descended from
one stock, all men of character, tact and note as large farmers
and stock dealers. Gen. Joseph Vance, was in the
war of 1812. He served as Governor of Ohio, in 1836-8, and
represented the 4th Dist. in Congress several terms.
Col. Joseph Vance, Sr., served in the French and
Revolutionary wars. John King in the war of 1812,
farmer; Robert Iron, first surveyor; William Cockerall,
first school teacher; John Iron, Trustee; William
Boggs, shoemaker; J. and S. Coffin, tailors, and in
the war of 1812; James Pollock, Reuben Purcell,
carpenters, and in the war of 1812; Wm. Brannon, Sr., Wm.
Brannon, Jr. and James Brannon, farmer; C.
Coffman, Hiram Rush and n. Rush, farmers; Dr. L.
Rush and Dr. B. Rush are sons of the late William
BY JACOB SMITH.
We have the following pioneer names:
Ananias Allen, Madison Allen, James Allen, Joseph
Allen, Jesse Allen, Benjamin Allen, and Eben Allen.
They live of Allen Run, sometimes called Big Run. They are
men of large hearts, business qualifications, large farmers and
stock dealers and useful citizens. Gen. Ethan Allen,
of Revolutionary fame, and all the Allens in
America, are descended from Major Benjamin Allen, who
fell in General Braddock's defeat, near Fort Pitt, in
For many years Fayette was the reserve for the Indians,
but as a race they have withered from our lands. Their
arrows are yet plowed up, their springs are forsaken, their
cabins are in ruins, their council fires gone out on our plains,
and the war cry is heard no more. Their war dances have
ceased, and slowly and mournfully they ascend the Rocky
Mountains, and read their doom in the setting sun. They
are shrinking before the mighty tide of paleface emigration,
which is pressing them into the Pacific Ocean. They will
soon be extinct, and hear the last roar of the last cannon of
their white enemy, which will settle over their destiny forever.
Ages hence the inquiring paleface, as he stands by some growing
city, will ponder on the structure of their disturbed remains,
and wonder to what manner of persons they belonged. Within
the past year skeletons have been exhumed from the mounds of
Fayette County, and it has been a question and a wonder to what
manner of persons they belonged. Soon the Native American,
once numerous and powerful, will live only in the songs and
chronicles of their exterminators.
I will here, for the benefit of the readers of this
record, insert the average ages of our race. From 1634 to
1812, - 74; from 1812 to 1836, - 36; from 1836 to 1870, - 33.
Reader ponder over the degeneracy of your race! Ask the
cause! Fast living and intemperance is the cause.
"Return to first principles, and your days, according to the
Bible, shall be 120 years." - Author.
"Early rising, long life."
" the lark is up to
meet the sun,
The bee is on the wing,
The ant is labor has begun,
The woods with music ring."
these fast days of degeneracy, no man is considered a gentleman
unless he is dressed in broadcloth. This is a mistake.
He is no true gentleman, who, without provocation would treat
with incivility the humblest of his race. It is a
vulgarity for which no accomplishment of dress can ever stone.
Shoe me the man who desires to make every one around him happy,
and whose greatest solicitude is never to give cause of offense
to any one, and I will show you a gentleman by nature and
practice, though he may never have worn a suit of broadcloth, or
never heard of a lexicon. I am proud to say for the honor
of our race, there are men, in every throb of whose heart there
is a solicitude for the welfare of mankind, and whose every
breath is perfumed with kindness and benevolence to our species.
Having given my views in regard to the characteristics
of a gentleman, I will do the same in reference to the marks or
accomplishments of the true lady. In these latter days,
fine dress, and gaudy appearance makes or constitutes the lady.
This is not true. Principle and friendship in a woman
constitutes her a lady, let her dress be ever so fine or shabby.
Her regard for the character, honor and repute of her demeanor,
les deep within her heart. She never breaks her vows, and
never counsels you to do an imprudent thing. She is a
man's best friend. She loves with a natural love.
Her devotion is genuine. She speaks to all classes, not
exclusively to a few. True female friendship is to a man
the bulwark, sweetness and ornament of his existence. Our
early pioneer mothers were all ladies. Polite, cheerful,
frank, social, and showed no distinction. All were treated
alike. They could card, weave, and spin. Cold
formality and arbitrary aristocracy, in those early days of
purity and honesty, were never flaunted in "Love's true
philosophy, - equality."
See, the mountains kiss high heaven,
And the rivers with the ocean,
The winds of heaven mix forever
With a sweet emotion,
And the moonbeams kiss the sea.
What are all these kisses worth,
If, thou kiss not me?
|Woodman, spare that tree, touch not a single bough.
In youth it shelter'd me, and I'll protect it now.
Twas my forefather's hand, that placed it near his hut,
There, woodman, let it stand, thy ax shall harm it not.
That old familiar tree, whose glory and renown,
Are spread oe'r land and sea, and wouldst thou hew it
Woodman, forbear thy stroke, cut not its earth-bound
Oh! spare that aged oak, now towering to the
When but an idle boy, I sought its grateful shade.
In all their gushing joy, here too, my sisters played.
My mother kissed me here, my father pressed my hand.
Forgive this foolish tear; - but let that old oak stand.
My heart-strings round thee cling, close as thy bark,
Here shall the wild bird sing, and still thy branches
Old tree, the storm still brave! woodman, leave the
While Iv'e a hand to save thy ax shall harm it
emigrated from Virginia at an early day and settled in Ross
County, near Bainbridge. From Ross he went to Fayette.
When the war broke out in 1812, he served as a soldier, (his
father was in the Revolution.) He was a farmer. His
family consisted of Isaac, Alfred, James, David, William H.,
Henry C., Jerome, Charles W., Eliza, Emma and Mary.
Oftentimes the owner of a valuable horse discovers
a spavin making its appearance. A blister is applied, and
often the hair comes off. Now, I here give you a pioneer's
recipe, to grow out the hair. Take an old boot or shoe,
burn to a coal. Pulverize and mix with lard. A few
applications will cause the hair to grow on the bare place.
EDWARD TAYLOR was born in Pennsylvania, February 3d,
1772. His father, William Taylor, was a soldier in
the Revolution. After the close of the war, he emigrated
to Kentucky and then to the North-west in 1793. During the
Indian war he served as a spy. He located in now Ross.
Purchased a tract of land of Joseph Carr, in Kentucky.
He was the father of ten children. Edward Taylor,
the subject of this record, was his sixth son. Edward
emigrated from Kentucky in Ross County in 1808, and to
Fayette County, in 1815. His first wife was Nancy Roach,
by whom he had three children; she died in Kentucky in 1807.
He purchased 200 acres of Nathaniel Massie, on Main Paint
and Taylor Run in 1815, and married Mary Smith, daughter
of Edward Smith, by whom he had ten children:
Rachel, Elizabeth, Edward, Nancy, Emily, Maggie and
Washington. Edward Taylor is the patriarch of
Fayette. In his one hundredth year, his mind unimpaired,
health and general appetite good, he still, with the energetic
aid of his wife, carries on the agricultural business on the old
pioneer farm, which they have occupied and successfully
cultivated sixty-two years; and raised a large family, all
married and doing well - some in Fayette, and some in adjacent
counties, some in the West.
Our early pioneer fathers, were fond of amusement.
It is entirely false reasoning to suppose that any human being
can devote himself exclusively to labor of any description.
It will not do. Rest alone will not give him adequate
relief. He must be amused; laugh, dance and enjoy himself.
hop, Jump and run. Sing, eat, drink, and do as all our
fathers have done. He must chat with his friends, exercise
his mind, exciting gentle emotions; his body in agreeable
demonstrations of activity. The constitution of the human
system requires this. It exacts a variety of influences
and emotions. It will not remain in health if it can not
obtain that variety. But, here permit me to remark, that
too much amusement affects it as injuriously, as too sadness.
Too much relaxation is as pernicious as none at all. But
to the industrious toiler, the sunshine of the heart is just as
indispensable as the material sunshine is to the flower.
Both soon pine away and die if deprived of it. King
David danced before the Ark, and he was a man after God's
ADVICE OF A PIONEER MOTHER.
The Duty of a Mother - She should be firm, gentle and
kind; always ready to attend to the wants of her child.
She should never laugh at him, at what he does that is cunning.
Teach him to respect old age. Strive to inspire love, not
dread; respect, not fear; love to God, love to man.
forefathers attributed our national victories, in a great
measure, to the abundance of martial music in those days, which
are now - in consequence of the disbanding of the militia in our
State - unheard. Martial pioneer music calls back to the
mind the "times that tried men's souls," and brings to our
remembrance, the events of our patriotic pioneer fathers.
Martial music dispels all fear from the breast of the soldier
when he is marching forth to take his chances against the enemy.
Although the science of martial music was taught among all the
ancients, it was the Greeks who first raised it to the degree of
perfection to which it was entitled. Epaminondas, one of
the most illustrious generals and heroes of Greece excelled in
martial music. The musical reputation of Orpheus is known
to all the world. His beautiful daughter, Orida,
"played with skill on the Tabor drum." Orpheus for
his skill, received a golden Tabor from Apollo, on which he
played so skillfully that even the most rapid rivers ceased to
flow, the savage beast forgot his wildness and ferocity, the
mountains moved, and the tree tops bent in humble submission.
He gained admission to the palace of Pluto. The longevity
of the ancients is attributable to ancient music. It
improves the mental and physical health of mankind. It
inspires the human breast with a sense of joy and gladness.
It dispels sorrow and grief from the troubled; animates and
invigorates our spirits. Music calls back the joys of the
past, when it wakes a glad remembrance of our youth. It
tames the violent passions, gives refinement of our youth.
It tames the violent passions, gives refinement to our stubborn
will, and calms the gladiatorial rage of the strong man.
It is no respecter of persons or conditions of life, but its
influence is felt by all, from the most boisterous tribes to the
most refined and enlightened nations. It invigorates and
enlivens the laborer, when he returns from the toils of his
daily occupation to his humble cabin, and listens to the sweet
notes of music. Shakespeare says:
"The man that hath no
music in his soul,
And is not moved with concord of sweet sounds,
It only fit for treason, stratagems and spoils."
To the war warn and sun beaten pioneer, how beautiful it is,
when the summer of youth has slowly wasted into the night fall
of age, and the shadow of past years grows deeper, as life wears
on to its close, to look back through the vista of time, upon
the sorrows and felicities of our earthly years. If we
have a home to shelter our frail bodies, and hearts to rejoice
us, and friends have been gathered together around our firesides
the rought places of our wayfaring will have been worn and
smoothed away in the twilight of life, while the sunny spots we
have passed through will grow brighter and more beautiful.
Happy indeed are those whose intercourse with the world has not
changed the tone of holier feelings, and broken those musical
chords of the heart, whose vibrations are so melodious, so
tender and touching in the evening of age.
BY J. L. MYERS,
S. BERREMAN was an early settler in the forests of Fayette.
He has the credit of establishing and printing the first
newspaper in the County. He has served his country in
several important trusts, County Clerk, Judge, Representative,
and Clerk of that august body. He is now Mayor of
Washington Court house.
HON. DANIEL McLean, an early settler and a
merchant, has held the office of Judge, and is now President of
the National Bank. He is a man of wealth and influence,
proverbial for his honesty and benevolence.
JOSEPH McLEAN, by occupation a farmer. HE
was one of our early emigrants. A man of integrity and a
WM. R. MILLIKAN, editor and owner of the
Fayette County Herald, was born in Ross County, and when of
age emigrated to the West, and then back to Fayette. He is
a nephew of Jesse Milliken, an early pioneer, who was
first Postmaster and first Clerk of the Superior and Common
Pleas Courts of the County. Mr. Millikan lost his
first wife, and took for his second a daughter of the venerable
John Robinson, of Ross County.
BY MRS. BEERY.
LIEUT. JOHN MILLIKAN, was one of
the first permanent pioneers of the Scioto Valley. Was a
man of prominence and influence. During the war of 1812,
he served as a Lieutenant. Was the father of William R.
Millikan, present editor of the Fayette County Herald.
Lieutenant Millikan died in 1813, lamented and
respected by all who knew him. His father served in the
JUDGE JAMES BEATY emigrated to Fayette County in
1818. Washington had but a few log cabins, the County but
seven Township sparsely settled. Deer and game of smaller
species were in abundance. His grandfather, George
Beaty, served as a minute man, during the protracted war of
the Revolution. His father was Charles Beaty, who
died in 1850, aged 85. Judge Beaty was in the war
of 1812, under Captain Isaac Heiskell, brother of the
late John Heiskell, of Clark County, and uncle to D.
O. Heiskell, of South Charleston, a brave Virginian, who was
the son of a veteran of the Revolution, Adam Heiskell.
About the time the enemy were preparing to attack fort
Stevenson, the frontiers were in great danger, and General
Harrison wrote to the Governor of Virginia, to send to
his aid the volunteer riflemen, organized under the State
Laws. Captain Heiskell, on getting the news, was
soon on the war path. This was named in general call.
Judge Beaty was then but 18 years old. He
belonged to the company and was one of the first to volunteer in
the defense of the frontiers, exposed to the British and
Indiana. The march was tedious and long. No roads
nor public conveyances, but wild traces and trails made by the
savages. They suffered untold privations and hardships
until they arrived at head-quarters at Upper Sandusky, where
were collected 8,000 militia, under Gen. McArthur.
The troops having arrived at Upper Sandusky, formed the Grand
Army of the Northwest. Judge Beaty helped to erect
Judge Beaty, was elected and commissioned an
Associate Judge in 1847, and served with great acceptance until
the new Constitution was adopted. Judge Beaty is a
strong minded, enterprising man, possessed of an iron will; a
man of sense and sound judgment and every way qualified for the
honor conferred upon him. He is an honorable man, strict
and close in business, but honest and benevolent, kind to the
poor. He holds his age remarkably wall. His family
record is, Newton, Milton, James, Mary, Henry, and
Ferman son-in-law. Newton is a farmer and stock
dealer, Milton farmer and preacher, James farmer,
Mary married Henry Ferman. They occupy the
old homestead, and the Judge makes his home with them. In
religion, the Judge is a Presbyterian.
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