Welcome to
 Columbiana, County,



(Source #1: Mack, Horace - History of Columbiana County, Ohio : with illustrations and biographical sketches of some of its prominent men and pioneers.
Philadelphia: D. W. Ensign & Co., 1879, 372 pgs. )

(Source #2 - History of Upper Ohio Valley - Vol. I - Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891)

(Source #3 - History of Columbiana County, Ohio:  Historical Publ. Co. Topeka - Indianapolis - 1926)

(Source #4 - History of Columbiana County, Ohio and Representative Citizens
edited and compiled by William B. McCord, Salem, Ohio
Publ. by Biographical Publishing Co. , Chicago, Illinois - 1905)

(Transcribed by Sharon Wick)



JOHN CAMERON was born in Invernesshire, Scotland, on the 22nd of May, 1795, the son of John and Nancy (Frasier) Camron.  In 1801 he emigrated to America with his parents.  They settled in Pittsburg, where they remained until the death of the former, who lived to be one hundred and seven years old.  John learned the glass blowers' trade in Pittsburg and worked at it until he was twenty-eight years of age, at which time he removed to Ohio and entered a quarter-section of land in Madison township, Columbiana county.  Here he built the first log house in that part of the county.  He married Nancy Paul, daughter of John and Hannah Paul, natives of Pennsylvania.  They have had nine children:  Mrs. Nancy McConaghy, Mrs. Hannah Norris, Mrs. Rebecca Nothdoft; Margaret and Alexander B.  The latter enlisted in Company B, One Hundred and Forth-third regiment. Ohio national guard, and later in the Ohio volunteer infantry.  All of his brothers were in the same company and all served faithfully for the continued union of their country.  John has been superintendent of the Twentieth ward school of Pittsburg for twenty years; he married Mattie Simpson; William T., now living in Iowa, where he is engage din farming, married Maggie McCready; Mary Jane, wife of A. M. Norris, of Yellow Creek township; and Sarah E., who resides on the old homestead.  This is one of the leading families of Columbiana county.  Its members are generally found on the right side of the leading questions of the day and they are much respected and esteemed by the community at large.
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891 - Page 167
ISAAC CARR was born in New Jersey, Nov. 4, 1796. He married Ann, daughter of George and Elizabeth Crew, in 1815.  The same year he moved to Ohio.  His family then consisted of his wife and three children; the others were born in this county.  Their children were Samuel, George W., Isaac R., R. F., Thomas, Elizabeth, and J. M.; three only are living.  Mr. Carr's opportunities for an education from books during his minority were limited , as those of our early settlers who still survive remember well the rude log school-house and its meagre appointments.  Mr. Carr was a very successful farmer, and by strict economy, industry, and good management he added from time to time to his first purchase of land in this county until he owned two hundred and twenty acres of finely-improved land, which he divided into three farms,  giving one to each of his sons, one of whom now owns the old homestead.  It must indeed be a great pleasure, at the close of a long and useful life, to be able to transmit to our children a comfortable fortune, more especially if it has been acquired in an honorable manner.  Mr. Carr died June 3, 1873; Mrs. Carr died Aug. 27, 1859, at the age of sixty-five years.  She was a good woman, and many friends deeply regretted her loss.
     Isaac R. Carr, third son of Isaac Carr, married Isabella, daughter of Obadiah and Mary CrewMr. Crew was among the first settlers of this county, emigrating from Virginia in 1808.  Mr. and Mrs. Crew were married in 1799.  Mrs. Crew died Oct. 10, 1841; Mr. Crew died Oct. 10, 1845.
     The above portrait was contributed by Isaac r. Carr in memory of his honored father.
Source:  History of Columbiana County, Ohio  - Philadelphia: D. W. Ensign & Co., 1879 - Page 294b
ROBERT N. CHAMBERLIN, one of the most prominent business men of East Palestine, Ohio, was born Jan. 5, 1860, the son of John T. and Sarah Chamberlin.  Maud A., the wife of Samuel J. Lowry, a merchant of East Palestine; Mary E., Sarah R., Fannie and Carrie, were the children born to John T. and Narcissus Chamberlin he having married a second time.  John was born in 1832, his parents being Dr. Robert and Rebecca C. (Taggart) Chamberlin.  Robert was born in Pennsylvania and came to Ohio with his parents.  Rebecca Taggart was born in 1810, in Columbiana county, Ohio.  The house where she was born is still standing.  She lives at East Palestine, having reached the ripe age of eighty-one years.  John T. Chamberlin was prominently identified with the growth of Columbiana county.  For many years he was engaged in the real estate business at East Palestine, and at the time of his death was also engaged in the lumber business.  He started life a poor boy, but by energy and great business tact, made a success.  He was a man of undoubted integrity and ability.  He was one of the most prominent members of the republican party in that portion of the state, and for ten years as a member of the East Palestine council.  He was a ruling elder of the Presbyterian church, and a charitable, progressive man, having done more toward the advancement of the interests of the city than almost any other one man.  His death occurred October 10, 1877, and was a public calamity.  Robert N. Chamberlin has been a life long resident of East Palestine.  His early youth was spent in acquiring an education and in his father's employ.  When twenty-one years of age he embarked in the furniture business, and has since continued in that trade, having met with much success.  He is also quite extensively interested in one of the largest potteries in the vicinity of East Palestine.  July 13, 1887, his marriage to Miss Jennie Luther was solemnized.  Mrs. Chamberlin is the daughter of John and Anne Luther, residents of East Palestine, but natives of England.   In 1888, Mr. Luther was a member of the National republican convention which met at Chicago, having been elected to represent the eighteenth congressional district, he is also a member of the republican central committee and of the executive committee.  He is one of the leading citizens of the county, and an intelligent, energetic man.  Himself and wife are communicants of the Methodist Episcopal church.
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891 - Page 269
ELMER E. CHAMBERS, senior member of the grocery firm of Chamber Bros., is a native of Jefferson county, Ohio, and dates his birth from the year 1862.  He is the son of Richard and Mary E. Chambers, the father a native of England and the mother of this country.  Richard Chambers, a carpenter by trade, came to the United States in 1858, and engaged in merchandising at Knoxville, Jefferson county, with the business interests of which town he was identified until his death in 1881.  The subject of this sketch is one of the six sons of Richard and Mary Chambers now living.  He attended the schools of Knoxville for some years, and his initiation into business was in his father's store, where he soon obtained a practical knowledges of the mercantile trade.  After the father's death the store was operated for a period of two years by the widow, and it then went into the hands of Frank B. Chambers, who, in 1887, effected a copartnership with the subject of this sketch, and the firm thus formed came to East Liverpool, where it has since done a very extensive and successful business.  Mr. Chambers was married in 1888 to Mary J. McBride, of Columbiana county, who has borne him one child, Ralph E. Chambers.
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891  - Page 305
CHARLES CHANDLER, a prominent agriculturist and breeder of fine horses, was born on the old homestead in Center township, Columbiana county, Ohio, in May, 1828.  He is the son of Morgan and Permelia (McClain) Chandler.  The father was born in this county in 1810.  He was the son of Joshua Chandler, a native of Pennsylvania, who came to Ohio in 1805, moving all his household effects and farm implements on the backs of horses.  He entered a section of wild land and cleared it into a fine farm.  He suffered all the hardships and perils incident to the life of a pioneer.  Morgan Chandler served a term of six years as a justice of the peace of Center township, and was a well known and influential man.  Charles reached the years of manhood on the family estate, having been educated in the district school.  In 1861 he married Miss Abigail H. Flemming, daughter of John and Mary (Scott) Flemming. Nine children, eight of whom are living, have been born to them, they are: Emmet, Minnie, Cora B., John, Harry, Edward, Curtis and Adelbert.  The mother was born in this county.  She is a communicant of the United Presbyterian church, while her husband is a member of the Methodist Episcopal church.  Mr. Chandler has served as clerk of the school board of his district for twelve years, and his administration of the office has been received with much favor.  He is a member of the I. O. O. F. of New Lisbon, and is one of the leading and practical citizens of the county.  He has made an enviable success in life in his business and is recognized as one of the ablest farmers and horse breeders in the community.  His specialty is Hambletonian horses.  He owns a very noted stallion, and a colt which is celebrated for having won a race when but one year old.
Source #2 History of the Upper Valley - Vol. II - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891 - Page
J. LAWRENCE CHANDLER, the descendant of an old and distinguished pioneer family, was born in Center township, Columbiana county, Ohio, in 1851, the son of Jesse and Prudence (Ferrall) Chandler, a complete history of whom will be found elsewhere in this work.  J. Lawrence Chandler was born and reared on the old homestead farm that has been in the family from the time it was first redeemed from the surrounding wilderness.  He was the recipient of a good common school education.  When a young man he chose the vocation of tilling the soil, and the light of after years proves that the choice was well made, for he has made an unusual success in agriculture and is recognized as one of the leading farmers and citizens of this county.  In 1876, his marriage to Miss Sarah Atterholt was solemnized and has happily resulted in the birth of two sons:  John J. and Frank.  Mrs. Chandler is the daughter of John and Evaline (Williams) Atterholt, and was born and raised in Hanover township, Columbiana county.  Mr. Chandler owns 110 acres of the old family property, and the entire farm is under a state of the highest cultivation, stocked with the best of farm animals, buildings and all needed implements for the successful and proper operation of a modern farm.  The family is held in the highest respect and esteem in the community.  They are communicants of the Methodist Episcopal denomination.
Source #2 History of the Upper Valley - Vol. II - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891 - Page
MARIAN W. CHANDLER, was born in Center township in 1848, the son of Jesse and Prudence (Ferrall) Chandler.  The father was born in this county in 1824.  He was a son of Joshua and Patience (Wayney) Chandler, and died Apr. 5, 1888, aged sixty-three years.  Joshua was a native of Pennsylvania, having been born in Chester county in the year 1781, and he was married in Fayette county, in same state.  He moved to Ohio in 1805, and settled in Center township where he bought eighty acres of wild land, upon which he built a log cabin.  The land was part of a quarter section entered by John Gouldin, a brother-in-law, whose first and second wives were sisters of Joshua Chandler.  The latter finally bought all the land that Gouldin had entered, besides some entered by other neighbors, until his farm consisted of 210 acres.  This he subsequently divided between two of his sons, and also bought farms for four other sons, besides dividing a large sum of money among his four daughters.  A blacksmith by trade, he soon  had a shop, and the trade of his county for miles around.  He was the only resident of the neighborhood at that time who owned a wagon.  It was in this old-fashioned covered wagon that he and his family lived while the husband and father was building the humble log-cabin.  At one time his courage forsook him and he decided to return to the more civilized east, but the good counsels of his noble wife prevailed and he remained.  Success soon attended his efforts, and at the time of his death, which occurred in 1861, in his eighty-first year, he had over 800 acres of land.  His wife Patience, died in the year 1855, aged sixty-eight years.  There were ten children, six boys and four girls, all of whom reached mature age.  Marian Chandler was born and raised on the homestead farm.  He received a practical education, and in 1872 married Miss Anna E., daughter of John and Mary J. (Scott) Fleming.  Nora B., and Turner M. are the children that have been born to them.  Mrs. Chandler is a native of Columbiana county.  Mr. Chandler started active life as a cropper on the shares.  In 1861 his father bought forty-six acres of land which he and a brother helped to pay for, also ninety-six acres bought in 1873, and at the present writing he owns a fine farm of 100 acres.  For nine years he was honored by being elected a director of his school district.  Both himself and wife are honored members of the Lutheran church, and he is also a member of the Grange.
Source #2 History of the Upper Valley - Vol. II - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891 - Page
JOSEPH CHETWYND, junior member of the firm of Wallace and Chetwynd, manufacturers of pottery, is one of ten children born to David and Martha (Townlay) Chetwynd, and dates his birth from the year 1852.  He was born in Staffordshire, England, and early served a six years' apprenticeship as a molder in a pottery in his native city, and afterward conducted a business with his father, who was also a manufacturer of pottery.  In 1872 he came to the United States and first located in Jersey City, N. J. and where he followed the crockery business, dealing in imported goods, until 1879, when he was called to East Liverpool by the death of his brother, who was here engaged in the pottery works of G. S. Harker a molder.  He was prevailed upon to take the place made vacant by the death of his brother, and disposing of his business interests in Jersey City, moved to East Liverpool and for short time worked by Mr. Harker.  He afterward returned to Jersey City, but after remaining there a short time located in Wheeling, W. Va., where he engaged in the manufacture of pottery.  While there he was married to Clementine V. Wallace, and in 1881, in partnership with his wife's brother, H. D. Wallace, came to East Liverpool and purchased the Benjamin Harker works, which they greatly enlarged and supplied with the latest improved appliances.  Since engaging in the business in this city Mr. Cleveland has been sole manager of the firm, and the business has been constantly increasing.  M. Chetwynd is the father of five children whose names were as follows:  Wallace Jessie, Jean and David, all living but Jean and one that died in infancy unnamed.
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891  - Page 306
SAMUEL I. CHISHOLM is a descendant of one of the early pioneer families of Columbiana County, and is of Scotch descent.  Mr. Chisholm was born in Salem, Ohio, Sept. 25, 1840, and was the son of John and Elsie (Bowker) Chisholm.  John Chisholm was born in Perry County, Penn., and came to Salem in 1838, where he worked at his trade of blacksmithing for a year and a half, after which he engaged in business for himself, and conducted a shop until his death in 1883.  Samuel, Mrs. Mary J. Entrikin and Josephus R., were his children.  Isaiah Bowker, and his wife Hannah (Whitten) Cresher Bowker, were natives of New Jersey, who settled in Salem township in 1804, and subsequently removed to Salem, where they remained the balance of their lives.  Four children were born to them, named: Mrs. Betsey Flitcraft, Mary Leach, Mrs. Nancy Harmon and Mrs. Elsie Chisholm.  The great grandfather of these children was a lieutenant in the revolutionary war and served on the staff of General Washington.  His son Isaiah, was a soldier in the war of 1812, serving under Capt. William Blackburn, of Butler township.  The battalion was commanded by Col. Jacob B. Roller, the brigade was under the command of Brig.-Gen. Beall, and they served under Gen. Harrison Samuel Chisholm received his education in the schools of Perry township.  He learned the blacksmith's trade with his father, which he has since made his life vocation.  May 12, 1862, he answered his country's call and enlisted in Company G, Eighty-sixth Ohio volunteer infantry, and served faithfully and well for two years and ten months, when he received his honorable discharge.  In 1868, Nettie, daughter of Henry W. and Elizabeth (Deems) Bell, of Mount Vernon, Ohio, became his wife, and has borne him two children, John and Elsie.  Mr. Chisholm is a member of the I. O. O. F., K. of H., O. I. H. and G. A. R.  He is a republican.
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891  - Page 201
ADOLPHUS H. CLARK.  One of the successful lawyers of the city of East Liverpool is Adolphus H. Clark, who was born in Columbiana county, near the town of Salineville, in the year 1847.  He is the son of James Clark, whose father, Hugh Clark, came to Columbiana county at a very early day, and is remembered as one of the earliest school teachers in this part of the state.  Samuel Clark the great-grandfather of the subject of this sketch, was a native of Hagerstown, Md.  He had two brothers, George and John killed by the Indians.  He was married to Nellie Violette, who was at the time the widow of one Lyttleton.  She had a son named John Lyttleton, and two daughters, afterward married to George Dawson and Mr. ScottSamuel had four sons, namely: Alexander, Samuel, George and Hugh.  The latter, Hugh Clerk, and grand-father of Adolphus H. Clark, was born in the year 1788, in western Pennsylvania, we think in Fayette county, near Brownsville.  He came to Ohio in the year 1800, two yeas before it became one of the sisterhood of states.  What is now Columbiana county was then included in Jefferson.  When about eighteen years of age he was employed by an uncle living in Kentucky, named Violette, the owner of a slave plantation.  This gave him such opportunity to observe the iniquities of the slave system, that he was forever thereafter a hater of the institution, and an avowed and ever active abolitionist.  He was married in the year 1811, to Miss Fishel, and removed to Mad River, Clark county, Ohio.  Here two children were born to him, Mary and Eleanor.  Upon the death of his wife, about the year 1815; he returned to Columbiana county, settling upon Yellow creek, a few miles below what is now Salineville.  He was again married in 1816, to Miss Letitia Kerr, by whom he had seven children, viz: Violet, James, Amelia, Julia A., George D., Letitia J. and John L.  He died in December, 1857, having resided all these years in Columbiana county.  Besides following farming, he taught school many years, and was also a music teacher, when it was taught in school-houses by candle light.  He is said to have been the first music teacher in St. Clair township, this county.  Leitia Kerr, wife of Hugh Clark, and grandmother of A. H. Clark, was born in 1793, the child of James Kerr and Hannah Beard.  Her father moved to Yellow Creek in 1810, where he resided till 1812, the year of his death.  They had eight children, namely: Letitia Clark, William Kerr, Mary Downard, Amelia Woodburn, Hannah Marshall, James Kerr and Julia Roach.  She died in May, 1855, in Washington township, Columbiana county, Ohio.  Hugh Clark he three brothers: Alexander, Samuel and George, whose lives were spent in Jefferson and Columbiana counties, Ohio.  Alexander married Ruth Matthews, and had seven children:  Sallie Wycoff, Samuel Clark, Prudence Hart, Alanson Clark, John Clark, Nellie Russell and Rachel Clark.  Samuel married Jennie Carothers,  and had ten children:  Violet Adams, Rebecca Russell, Hugh Clark, Nellie Kerr, James Clark, Sarah Lowery, Hannah Clark, Jane Ewing, Margaret Barcus and Lydia Criss.  George Clark married Hannah Vaughn, and had eleven children:  Nellie Fishel, Alex Clark, Lydia Brothers, Stephen Clark, Elizabeth Clark, George Clark, Richard Clark, Diana Haumers, Frances Gilson, Hannah Clark,  and Perry J. Clark.  Of the children of Hugh Clark, grandfather of our subject, four are deceased, viz.: Mary Carman, Violet Saltsman, James Clark and Letitia Campbell.  Five are living viz.:  Ellen Van Fossan, West Point, Ohio; Amelia Paisley, New Lisbon, Ohio; Julia A. McCloskey, Canton, Ohio; George D. Clark, Irondale, Ohio, and J. Lyttleton Clark, Pawnee City, Neb.  James Clark, father of Adolphus H. Clark, was born in 1818, on Yellow Creek bottom, near the residence of Samuel C. Kerr, a few miles below Salineville.  He followed brick making for several years, teaching school in the winter.  He was also engaged at the coopering trade, making barrels for the flour mill and salt works, then called Farmers' Salt Works, and also followed farming to some extent.  He was a man of more than ordinary intelligence for his day, was possessed of a strong and well stored mind; was a good talker and formidable debater.  He was especially fond of discussion, held in the village and country school-houses. Theological, moral and political questions were mostly the themes for controversy.  He early espoused the anti-slavery cause; he worked with might for slavery's overthrow, at which he greatly rejoiced.  In line with his ideas upon this subject he became a member of the Free Presbyterian church, and continued his connection therewith, until the cause of its organization, the institution of slavery, went down, when that church disbanded and became a religious body of the past.  He then united with the Presbyterian church in which he remained a consistent member until his decease.  In politics he was an earnest and active advocate of the principles of the republic party, from its birth until his death.  In later years he was engaged in mining at Salineville.  He was a member of Company G, One Hundred and Forty-third Ohio volunteer infantry, and saw active duty on the Peninsula.  After a life of toil and devotion to his family, with a firm and unyielding desire for the promotion and betterment of mankind; with a love for his country confined only within the bounds of true patriotism, still staunchly maintaining his position with strong convictions of the right, he passed away in death in April, 1875, at his home in Salineville, Ohio, almost at the threshold of the place of his nativity, and where he spent the many years of his life.  James Clark was married to Miss Mary C. McMillen, a native of Carroll county, Ohio, in 1845, by whom he had eight children, viz.: Adolphus H. Clark, Harriet A. Carter, L. Cordelia Clark,  Lizzie E. Omohundro, Mary R. Clark, Hannah K., Rebecca T. and Blanche C. Clark.  Of these, five are living, namely: A. H. Clark, Lizzie E. Omohundro, Hannah K., Rebecca T. and Blanche C. Clark.  The mother died in June, 1871.  George D. Clark and John L. Clark were for many years engaged at teaching school, and were quite successful in that profession.  Both served their country for three years in the late war; the former in the One Hundred and Twenty-sixth Ohio volunteer infantry, and saw active and arduous service in the army of the Potomac; the latter enlisted in the One Hundred and Four Ohio volunteer infantry, and served in the west in Sherman's army, under Col. J. W. Reilly.  John L. learned the printer's trade, and for some years was editor of the Buckeye State.  He is now engaged at farming in Pawnee county, Neb.  Adolphus H. Clark was educated in the common schools of the county.  After reaching his majority, he entered one of the institutions of Columbiana county, presided over by his uncle, J. Lyttleton Clark, under whose instructions and tutorship he remained some two years.  A few of his earlier years were spent in coal mining.  After quitting school he taught for four years in the Union schools of Salineville and New Lisbon, during which time he began the study of law.  In the early summer of 1873, he entered the office of Nichols & Firestone, of New Lisbon, Ohio, under whose instructions he continued until his admission to the bar in 1874.  In the spring of the following year he began the practice oaf his profession in East Liverpool, where he has remained ever since in the enjoyment of a lucrative practice.  Mr. Clark has been a hard and close student, and is self-made and educated, having acquired his literary and professional training through his own efforts alone.  He was soon elected city and township clerk of East Liverpool and Liverpool township, and afterward served as mayor of the town from 1880 to 1882.  He is, and always has been a republican in politics, and has ever been active in promoting his party's interest having served as chairman of the local committee several years, and was county chairman in 1888, and conducted the presidential campaign of that year skillfully and successfully.  He is a member of the Masonic fraternity, in which he has attained the degree of Knight Templar, he is also a member of the I. O. O. F., having taken every degree in the order, including the Patriarch Militant, and is a prominent member and worker in the Order of United American Mechanics, in which order he has reached the rank of Councilor.  He was married in 1878 to Miss Kate E. Ikirt, daughter of Dr. J. J. Ikirt.  To them have been born five children, three of whom are living, namely:  Walter A., Willis I., and Lizzie E., two are deceased, Charles I. and Charlotte E.  He and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal and Presbyterian churches respectively.
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891  - Page 306
FRANK M. CLARK, M. D., was born in Strongsville, Cuyahoga county, Ohio, Jan. 14, 1854.  He is a son of Heman and Myra E. (Miles) Clark, and is of New England Extraction.  He was reared on a farm, and received his literary education at the normal school at Geneva, Ohio.  Having chosen medicine as the profession best suited to his talents, Dr. Clark first began to study with Dr. George Lee, of Strongsville, Ohio, but later with Dr. E. H. Peck, of Cleveland, Ohio, and was graduated from the Cleveland Homeopathic Hospital medical college, in the spring of 1880.  He began practicing at Monroeville, Huron county, Ohio, remaining there for three years.  In 1883, he came to Salem, Ohio.  In 1880, Dr. Clark married Miss Hattie E., daughter of D. M. and Almira (Bryant) Strong of Strongville, Ohio.  Both himself and wife are communicants of the Presbyterian church, the Doctor also being a member of the I. O. O. F., the Ohio State Homeopathic Medical society, the American Institute of Homeopathy, the Eastern Ohio Homeopathic Medical society, he being the secretary of the last named organization, and for two years he has been a member of the board of education of Salem.  His political faith is found on the platform of the republican party.
Source #2 History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891- Page 202
JAMES W. CLARK, attorney at law, was born in Liverpool township, Columbiana county, May 15, 1855, and is a son of Rev. Samuel W. and Sarah F. (White) Clark.  His paternal grandparents, James and Mary (Watt) Clark, were natives of Ireland and early pioneers of Jefferson county.  His maternal grandparents were James and Agnes (Fergus) White, of Washington County, Penn., but who spent their old age with their son-in-law and daughter in Columbiana County.  Samuel W. Clark was a clergyman of the United Presbyterian church, and at one time was pastor of the East Liverpool and Calcutta Churches.  He also attained considerable prominence in politics, having represented Columbiana county two terms in the state legislature, and Jefferson county as delegate to the state constitutional convention of 1872-3.  He resided in Liverpool township until 1867, at which time he removed to Jefferson county, where his death occurred in 1881.  James W. Clark was reared in Columbiana and Jefferson counties, and received a liberal education at Westminster college, New Wilmington, Penn., from which he was graduated in 1877.  He studied law with Battin & Andrews of Steubenville, was admitted to the bar in 1879, and at once commenced the practice of his profession at Steubenville, where he remained until March, 1881.  In April, 1882, he came to Wellsville, where he has since practiced in the courts of Columbiana and other counties.  He has been city solicitor, and is now mayor of Wellsville.  In 1881 he was married to Anna M., daughter of Robert and Rebecca Cox, of Steubenville, and has four children:  Arthur, Ethel, Helen and Robert.  Politically Mr. Clark is a republican, and has rendered his party valuable service.
Source #2 - Henry of Upper Ohio Valley - Vol. I - Madison, Wisc. - Brant & Fuller - 1891 - Page 235
MAJ. J. S. CLEMMER is a native of Stark county, Ohio, where he was born Aug. 24, 1825, the son of Joseph and Nancy (Swartz) Clemmer, natives of Bucks county, Penn., who settled in Stark county, Ohio, in 1825.  Son after, they again moved, this time to Summit county, where the balance of their lives were spent, the father dying at the age of seventy years, and the mother at the age of ninety-three.  J. S. Clemmer acquired his scholastic education in Summit county, and also learned the potters trade, which he followed until his enlistment in the union army in Aug., 1861.  He enlisted in Company G, Twenty-ninth Ohio volunteer infantry, and they went to the front from Jefferson, Ohio, Dec. 25, 1861.  He was mustered into the service Sept. 30, of the same year, and was promoted to the rank of major.  He was wounded at the battle of Port Republic, Jun 9, 1862, and on account of serious disability, was honorably discharged in December, 1862.  Prior to his enlistment in the army, for a number of years he and his wife were active members of the old anti-slavery guard, their house being one of the many depots on the "underground railroad."  After leaving the army, Maj. Clemmer returned to Summit county, and in 1864, located in Salem.  Here he founded a pottery in company with John Demming, for the manufacture of stoneware, under the firm name of Clemmer & Demming, which they operated up to 1871, when Mr. Clemmer was appointed post-master of Salem, by Gen. Grant.  After his term expired, he for some time engaged in the grocery business, and later, was elected mayor of Salem.  May 27, 1845, he espoused Maria, daughter of Moses and Tryphena (Holcomb) Miller, who was born in Hudson, Summit county, Aug. 13, 1825, by whom he has had three daughters: Felicia, deceased; Marcia, living unmarried and Florence, deceased.  Mr. Clemmer is a member of the G. A. R., and the I. O. O. F.  He is a loyal republican, and a charter member of the Trescott post of the G. A. R., and was actively engaged in securing the erection of the Soldiers and Sailors Home at Xenia, O.
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891  - Page 203
THOMAS CLINTON, foreman of the clay department of Taylor & Knowles' pottery, and also a member of the city council of East Liverpool, was born in Bucks county, Penn., Sept. 9th, 1849.  He is the son of Patrick and Bridget Clinton.  His father was born in the county of Kildare, and his mother was also a native of the Emerald Isle.  Patrick Clinton came to the United States in 1844, and located in Brownsborough, Bucks county, Penn., where he remained for about five years, and then moved to Trenton, N. J., where he now resides.  He was married while living in Pennsylvania to the mother of our subject who bore him eight children, five of whom are still living.  His wife died in 1879.  Our subject received his first schooling in Trenton, N. J., and finished his education in the state normal school of that city.  Immediately thereafter he began work in the potteries as presser and followed his trade four years in that city, after which he spent some years in different parts of the United States and Canada.  In1878 he came to East Liverpool and entered the employ of the company for which he now works.  He was married in 1880 to Mrs. Lizzie Croxall.  To this union have been born two children:  Edwin and Bessie, both still living.  Mr. Clinton  is a member of the Royal Arcanum.  He has never taken any active part in politics, but votes the republican ticket.  In 1888 he was elected to the city council, was re-elected in 1890 and is now filling that office.  He is one of the prosperous business men of East Liverpool, and enjoys the esteem of his fellow citizens.
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891  - Page 309
J. F. COLLINS.   Among the successful business men of Salineville worthy of special mention is J. F. Collins, junior member of the mercantile firm of McGarey, Conley & Collins, who was born in Salineville in 1859, the son of Thomas and Susan (Sweeney) Collins, natives of Ireland.  The parents came to the United States in a very early day and located near the town on a farm, having been among the pioneer settlers of this pat of the county.  J. F. Collins was reared amid the active scenes of farm life, attended the common schools at intervals during the years of his minority, and remained under the parental roof until 1873, at which time he entered the commercial department of Mt. Union college, near Alliance, Ohio, where he pursued his studies one year for the purpose of preparing himself for merchandising, which he early chose for his life work.  Soon after leaving college he entered upon his mercantile career as a book-keeper with the firm of McGarey, McGonagal & Co., in which capacity he continued three eyes, when he purchased an interest in the business which he still holds.  He has been quite successful as a merchant and is one of the popular salesmen of Columbiana county, and also one of its popular and highly respected citizens.  He was married in 1882 to Mary Nixon, daughter of John and Eliza Nixon, who came from Ireland to the United States, in 1851, and located at Salineville, where the mother is still living, the father having died in 1868.  Mr. and Mrs. Collins are members of the Roman Catholic church, and Mr. Collins is an earnest supporter of the democratic party.  They have one child, Harold, who was born Nov. 8, 1884.
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891  - Page 301
ARCHIBALD C. COOK, one of the leading lumber merchants of Salem, was born in Perry township, Oct. 19, 1839.  His parents were Henry and Mary (Taylor) Cook, sketches of whose families will be found elsewhere in this work.  Archibald was given all the educational advantages at hand, and after attaining his majority engaged in farming.  Subsequently he entered the clothing business in Salem, in which he continued two years.  In 1878 Mr. Cook established the lumber business which has since grown to its present magnitude.  Miss Bessie, daughter of Calvin and Sophia (Fitch) Brainard, became his wife Nov. 27, 1873, and Ella L., Bessie M. and Anna P. are the fruit of this union.  Mr. and Mrs. Cook are members of the Presbyterian church, of which he has been a trustee for twelve years.  His political faith is founded on the principles of the republican party.  Mrs. Cook's grandparents, John and Anna (Conn) Brainard, and David Fitch, were all natives of Connecticut and pioneer settlers of Canfield and Boordtown, respectively.
Source #2 History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891Vol. I - Page 204
(Portraits and photo of the residence of Mr. and Mrs. Enos Cook available)
ENOS COOK.  In another part of this work may be found a view of the home of Enos Cook, accompanied by the portraits of himself and wife.  Caleb Cook (father of Enos Cook) came from Pennsylvania to Knox township, Ohio, in 18354, bringing with him his family, which consisted of his wife and ten children, - eight girls and two boys.  Three girls and one boy are deceased, leaving one son only (Enos).  Caleb Cook died in 1870; Mrs. Caleb Cook died in 1864.  This family are of Scotch descent.
     Enos Cook was born in Chester Co., Pa., May 13, 1821.  Mrs. Enos Cook was born in Columbiana Co., Ohio, Jan. 8, 1827.  Enos Cook has been a farmer all his life; lives on the farm which his father bought when he came to this State; has helped to clear and to improve it, until it is now one of the finest in that section; and he is one of the thriftiest and best farmers in that part of the county.  Everything about his premises is kept up in the best style.  His barn is a model of convenience and neatness.  Over the door of his born may be found these words, "What you do, do well," - a sentiment which he has practiced to the fullest extent.  Some of the heaviest stock which has been weighed at Beloit has been raised upon his farm.  April 24, 1844, Enos Cook married Ann, daughter of James and Eliza Michener.  Three children have blessed this union, viz.: Eliza, Howard, and Leander.  One is deceased.  Mr. and Mrs. Cook belong to the Hicksite Quakers.  Mr. Cook has always been called a Republican, but he does not vote at all times with his party, his last vote being cast for Greeley.
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891  ~ Page 172
JOSEPH A. COOK.  The Cook Family has long been conspicuously identified with the development of Columbiana county.  It has produced men of ability and sterling worth, men who have helped to clear the land of timber, and redeemed it from a wilderness infested by savage beasts and more savage men, to one of the most important counties in Ohio.  Joseph A. Cook is a descendant of this sturdy pioneer family.  Mr. Cook was born in Salem township, on the land which he now occupies,  July 3, 1843, his parents being Henry and Mary (Taylor) Cook, of whom full mention is made in another place in this book.  Mr. Cook has always resided in Salem township, and now tills and owns a part of the land which has entered and cleared by his great-grandfather, He married Miss Emma A. Smiley, daughter of Dr. James and Lavinia (Smith) Smiley of Salem, June, 1874.  They have two children, James S. and Mary L.  The family are communicants of the Presbyterian church.  Mr. Cook's political convictions place him in the ranks of the independent voters.
Source #2 History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891Vol. I - Page 205
EDWIN COOKE, one of the enterprising and successful agriculturists of Perry township, was born in Goshen township, July 20, 1848, the son of Stacey and Martha J. (Johnson) Cooke.  Stacy Cooke, the grandfather, was born in the city of Philadelphia, Penn., and settled in Goshen township about 1832.  Here he cleared and improved a large farm, and later in life, removed to Salem, and there ended his days.  His children were: Isaac, James, Stacy, Mrs. Martha Street, Charles, Alexander, Mrs. Sarah Fawcett, Mrs. Abbie Cook and William.  William Johnson, the maternal grandfather, first settled in Goshen township and subsequently became a pioneer of Hanover township.  Finally he removed to Rootstown, Portage county, and lived there the balance of his life.  He was a native of New Jersey.  Stacy Cooke removed from Philadelphia with his parents, and settled in Goshen township at an early day.  Locating at Perry township, he purchased the farm now occupied by his son, Edwin Cooke.  His death occurred Mar. 4, 1884.  His two children were, William H. and EdwinEdwin has resided in Perry township since 1868.  Having chosen farming as his life work, he was no longer able to actively engage in the duties of a farm, and has since continued to operate this fine property.  He married Mary Hayes in 1880.  Mr. Cooke is the daughter of Charles I. and Deborah (Fawcett) Hayes, residents of Salem.  Mr. and Mrs. Cooke are members of the Wilbur Society of Friends, and are highly respected by all with whom they have acquaintance.  Mr. Cooke's political convictions are decidedly republican.
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891  - Page 203
COPE FAMILY.  Ten children were born to Nathan and Jane Cope, named as follows:  Byron, Mrs. Melinda Kinnear, Mrs. Louisa Gray, Joseph W., John D., M.D., Allen, Samuel F., Charles, deceased; Mrs. Emma Dildine and Mrs. Mary E. Phillips.  Nathan Cope was born in Columbiana county, Ohio, in 1817, on the farm which his grandfather bought from the government in 1810.  He passed his life on the farm, and was a celebrated fruit grower, having invented a process of preserving fruit which is used by almost all fruit dealers at this time.  He died in 1878.  His wife was Jane Hole, a daughter of Nathan and Sarah Hole.  She was born in 1824, and is now living at New Waterford.  Nathan Cope and wife were members of the Society of Friends by birthright.  JOSEPH W. COPE, the subject of this sketch was born in 1849, in Columbiana county, Ohio.  His boyhood was passed on the farm, and he was given a good education, having been graduated from Mount Union College.  In 1875, he was married to Miss Clara Denton, daughter of Hiram and Margaret Denton.  Seven children were born to Mr. and Mrs. Denton three of the sons being now engaged in the practice of law in Indiana.  Hiram Denton, died in 1873, and his wife in 1886.  To Mr. and Mrs. Joseph Cope three children were born; Sidney N., born in April, 1878; Frank T., born in April, 1884, and an infant now deceased.  For two terms Joseph Cope has served as justice of the peace.  He is engaged in a large fruit business, owning a fine fruit farm in Fairfield township, and a large fruit house at New Waterford.
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891  - Page 179
JOHN S. COPE, one of the most enterprising and intelligent farmers of Fairfield township, was born there on the 17th of September, 1892, his parents being Ellis and Amy (Stratton) Cope.  His father was also born and bred in that township, where he got his education and spent his life.  His parents were natives of Pennsylvania, but of English descent.  The subject of our sketch was brought up on the farm where he now resides, it being the same land that was entered by his grandfather about 1807.  It was not the good fortune of Mr. Cope to obtain a very thorough education in school, but his natural intelligence and fondness for reading have made up largely for early deficiencies in this respect.  The result is that he is now as well informed as any member of the useful calling to which he has devoted his life.  His marriage took place in 1861, the party of the second part being Sarah Derhodes, daughter of David and Mary A. (Miller) Derhodes.  The marriage proved a happy one, and resulted in the birth of three children:  Mary L., wife of David Hope, who has two children, Olive, and John; Nora L., wife of William Caldwell, who has one child, Howard L.; and Howard.  The mother is a native of this township, and her birth dates from the year 1844.  Mr. Cope was one of the national guards during the rebellion, and helped to pursue the notorious Morgan when that rattle-brained rebel was making his reckless raid through the populous counties of Ohio.  Mr. Cope has been successful in all his undertakings.  He began life for himself on the farm which has been in the Cope family ever since the day of its first entry.  He now owns ninety-one acres of the old homestead property, to which he has added twenty-seven acres since he took possession.  He is universally recognized as one of the live and enterprising citizens of the township, and enjoys the respect and confidence of a wide circle of friends. 
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891 - Page 407
WILLIAM H. COPE first saw the light of day in 1836, on the old Cope farm in Fairfield township.  The parents to whom he owned his existence were Amos and Amy (Stratton) Cope.  His father was born in 1809, of parents who came to Ohio from Red Stone, Penn., about 1803.  They entered and settled the land which has ever since been in the family.  There the subject of our sketch spent his boyhood days.  There he grew to manhood and there he has since made his living.  In 1866 came the great change in his condition which is always brought about by marriage, the lady selected as his life companion being Martha Derhodes, daughter of David Derhodes.  To their happy union resulted two children: Ada I. and Anna M., by name.  In 1863, Mr. Cope enlisted in Battery G, Second regiment Ohio artillery, and served until the regiment was discharged at the close of the war.  He has met the misfortune of losing his eyesight almost entirely, and it is commented on as an injustice on the pat of the government that he is only allowed the sum of $6 pension, notwithstanding his very serious disability.  Mr. Cope is a worthy and industrious man who has always set a good example in the way of industry, economy and obedience to the law.  He owns a good farm well improved, and his home has always been a happy one.
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891 - Page 407
F. LEE COPENHAVER is well and favorably known in East Liverpool where he is a manager of C. W. Lowers & Company.  He was born near St. Marys, W. Va., July 30, 1889, and is the son of F. Marion and Virginia (Baron) Copenhaver.
     F. Marion Copenhaver
is a native of St. Marys, W. Va., born Feb. 22, 1865.  His wife was born Dec. 17, 1864.  He began life as a farmer and in 1897 came to East Liverpool, where he has since been employed as a potter.  Mr. and Mrs. Copenhaver have five children, as follows:  Margaret, married Frank Hoobler, lives at DeRuyter, N. Y.; F. Lee, subject of this sketch; Mary, married Bert Gilson, a druggist, lives in East Liverpool; and Clem, lives in East Liverpool.
     F. Lee Copenhaver attended the public schools of Maxwell county, W. Va., and Ohio Valley Business College, East Liverpool.  He has always been interested in the grocery business and since 1910 has served as manager of C. W. Lowers & company, 755 Dresden Avenue.  This was formerly the Robinson & Lowers Company, but since 1901 has been known as C. W. Lowers & Company.  Mr. Copenhaver is a partner in the business, which one of the well established firms of the city.
     On Feb. 22, 1911, Mr. Copenhaver  was married to Miss Nettie O. Lowers, of East Liverpool, the daughter of C. W. and Harriet (McVay) Lowers.  Mr. Lowers was born at Wadesville, W. V. Mar. 6, 1869, and died July 21, 1925.  He is buried in Riverview Cemetery, East Liverpool.  To Mr. and Mrs. Copenhaver have been born four children: Ralph, born Apr. 4, 1912; Roy, born May 27, 1916; Lee, Jr., born Dec. 30, 1918; and Harriet, born Sept. 27, 1920.
     Mr. Copenhaver is a republican, member of the Methodist Episcopal Church, and belongs to the Independent Order of Odd Fellows and Modern Woodsmen of America.
Source #3 - Page 615
CHARLES E. CRAWFORD, who is successfully engaged in the general merchandise business at Damascus, is a native of Columbiana County.  He was born n Butler Township, Feb. 15, 1887, the son of Thomas A. and Sarah (Brantingham) Crawford.
     Thomas A. Crawford
, who lives retired, is a native of Ireland.  When a young man he came to this country and settled in Butler Township, Columbiana County, where he engaged in general farming.  He specialized in dairying and for 35 years was manager of the Garfield Creamery, near Damascus.  His wife is a native of Starke County, Ohio.
     Charles E. Crawford was reared and educated at Damascus and until 1917 engaged in business with his father.  He then conducted a general merchandise business at Winona, Ohio, until 1921, at which time he purchased the business of Wesley Whinery, which he has since conducted.
     In March, 1910, Mr. Crawford was united in marriage with Miss Alice Brantingham, the daughter of William and Anna Brantingham, both deceased.  They have two children:  Robert W., born in 1911, and Arthur B., born in 1914.
     Mr. Crawford and his family are members of the Friends Church and they have a wide acquaintance in the community.
(Source: History of Columbiana County, Ohio:  Historical Publ. Co. Topeka - Indianapolis - 1926 - Page 1024)
DANIEL CRAWFORD.  Prominent among the successful business men of Columbiana county, is Daniel Crawford, dealer in real estate, whose brief biographical sketch is herewith presented.  His grandfather was John Crawford, who came from Ireland to America in the time of the colonies, and served gallantly in the war of the revolution.  The father of the subject was Daniel Crawford, Sr., who was born in the year 1778, in the state of Virginia, and his mother, whose maiden name was Margaret Robinson, was a native of New Jersey.  The father came to Ohio in 1806, and located on the west fork of Beaver Creek, in Columbiana county, where his death occurred in 1846.  He served in the war of 1812, and earned the reputation of a brave and gallant soldier.  His first wife, a Miss Bowers, who died in 1810, bore him three children, and by his second wife, the mother of the subject,  He had eight children, all deceased but three, two daughters and one son.  Mrs. Crawford was the daughter of Jonah Robinson, also one of the early settlers of this county, moving here in 1809, and locating on the present site of Wellsville.  He afterward settled on the west fork of Beaver, and remained there until the time of his death.  Mrs. Crawford died in 1875.  The immediate subject of this mention was reared to manhood on a farm and in his youth attended such schools as the country afforded, in which he obtained a practical English education.  He embarked in the pursuit of agriculture for himself on attaining his majority, and followed the same with very encouraging success, until within a very recent date.  He abandoned farming in 1889, and coming to East Liverpool engaged in the real estate business, which he has since continued, and in which he has dealt quite extensively in Columbiana and other counties of the Upper Ohio Valley.  In his business relations he enjoys the esteem of all those who deal with him, and his business in real estate has built up a large patronage in which is constantly increasing.  Mr. Crawford was married in 1854, to Mary McBeth of Wellsville, who has borne him six children, viz:  Minnie B., James C., Kate C., Mazie M., Susie McB., and Lizzie S.  Mr. and Mrs. Crawford are members of the Presbyterian church, in which he has held the position of elder for a period of fifteen years.  While not taking an active part in politics, he is a supporter of the republican party, and in 1890, was elected a member of the city council, which position he still holds.
Source: History of the Upper Valley - Vol. I - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891  - Page 310
J. C. CRAWFORD, who is successfully engaged in the hardware business in East Liverpool, is a substantial citizen of Columbiana County.  He was born at Newark, W. Va., June 27, 1865, and is the son of John and Mary E. (Hickman) Crawford.
     John Crawford
, deceased, was a farmer during his life.  He died when J. C., the subject of this sketch, was a small child.  His wife died in 1919 and they are buried at Newark, W. Va.  Mr. and Mrs. Crawford were the parents of the following children: Golda Pearl, deceased; Martha, deceased; J. C., the subject of this sketch; Canzida, deceased, was the wife of Austin Pickering, Wirt County, W. Va.; A. L., lives at Wellsville, Ohio; Molly, the widow of M. C. Cleland, lives at Elizabeth, W. Va.; and Emma, deceased, was the wife of William Cleland, Akron, O.
     J. C. Crawford attended the schools of Newark, W. Va., and Noble County, Ohio.  He operated a farm of 52 acres until 1890, at which time he removed to East Liverpool  He worked in the mines as a machine man for 13 years and in June, 1924, purchased the hardware business of E. D. Wilson, at 533 Mulberry Street.  Mr. Crawford carries a complete line of hardware and has an up-to-date place of business.  While living at Newark, W. Va., he also engaged in the mercantile business and served as postmaster.
     In 1891 Mr. Crawford was united in marriage with Miss Ermine Melvin, of Newark, W. Va., the daughter of Jerry and Roxanna Melvin, both deceased.  To them were born six children as follows: Golda Pearl, deceased; B. H., lives in East Liverpool, married Elsie Kerr, deceased, and they had twin daughters, Ada and Erma; Mary Roxanna, deceased; Fostine, married Isaac Alman has a son, John, and they live in East Liverpool; C. Blair, lives at Beachwood, Ohio, is a veteran of the World War; and Erma, married Harry Wolf, lives at East Liverpool.
     In politics Mr. Crawford is identified with the Republican party.  He is a member of the Baptist Church and has a wide acquaintance in the community in which he lives.
(Source: History of Columbiana County, Ohio:  Historical Publ. Co. Topeka - Indianapolis - 1926 - Page 989)
STEPHEN CRAWFORD, a prosperous farmer and stock-raiser of Elk Run township, was born in Middleton township, in 1837, the son of Mordecai and Lydia (Ward) Crawford.  Mordecai was a native of Pennsylvania, having been born in Fayette county, that state, in 1819.  When sixteen years of age his parents removed to Ohio.  His parents were James and Margaret Crawford, who were also natives of Fayette county, Penn.  When the family came to Ohio they settled in Middleton township, where James lived until his death.  Mordecai Crawford remained in Middleton township until 1854, at which time he changed his place of abode to Elk Run township, where he bought 160 acres of land, part of which was cleared.  His death occurred in 1872.  He and his wife were members of the United Brethren church.  Although he had never enjoyed any educational advantages and indeed could not write nor read, yet, by his keenness and energy he accumulated a fair competence.  For a time he was engaged in driving a huxter's wagon to Pittsburg, doing all his business calculations mentally.  At the time of his death he was possessed of 160 acres of good farming land in Elk Run township, and 117 acres of this land is now owned by his son Stephen, the subject of this sketch.  Stephen  was seventeen years of age when his family removed to Elk Run township, and being the oldest son at home was obliged to remain on the farm and assist his father in its management.  As soon as he had obtained the necessary amount of experience his father turned the farm over into his keeping.  In 1863 he espoused Hester C. Wollen.  L. Dora, John H., O. Netta, Y. Nora, Burchard Hayes and four children deceased are the result of this union.  The mother was born in Middleton township in 1842.  She is a member of the Disciples church.  In 1864 Mr. Crawford responded to his country's call and enlisted in Company B, One Hundred and Forty-third Ohio volunteer infantry, under Capt. J. Newton George.  After serving for 120 days he received his honorable discharge at Columbus, Ohio.  He makes a specialty of raising all kinds of fruits and berries, and also fine Jersey cattle among his herd.  Both as a farmer and as a citizen Mr. Crawford is acknowledged as a leader.
Source #2 History of the Upper Valley - Vol. II - Publ. Madison, Wis. - Brant & Fuller - 1891 - Page 379
S. J. CRIPPS, member of the firm of Sebring Bros., potters, was born in Beaver county, Penn., in the year 1856, and is the son of William and Margaret (Sebring) Cripps, parents both natives of Pennsylvania.  William Cripps was a farmer by occupation, and followed his chosen calling in Beaver county, until 1857, at which time he became a resident of East Liverpool.  He returned to Pennsylvania in a short time and in 1861, entered the army and served until the close of the war.  He died at Gallipolis, Ohio.  The subject of this mention spent his early life of Beaver county, Penn., and in 1861, came to this city in the schools of which he received his educational training.  His early inclinations leading him to mechanical pursuits he learned the carpenter's trade, which he followed in Liverpool and adjacent country until December, 1889, at which time he became a member of the firm of Sebring Bros., manufacturers of pottery, with which he is still identified.  He was for a number of years a prominent contractor and erected many buildings in Liverpool and other places.
(Source: History of Columbiana County, Ohio:  Historical Publ. Co. Topeka - Indianapolis - 1926 - Page 311
FRANK CROOK, senior member of the firm of Crook, McGraw & Lewis, is a native of Columbiana county, born in Elk Run township, in the year 1854.  He is a son of Thomas and Jane (Bachelor) Crook, parents both natives of Staffordshire, England.  Thomas Crook was born in the year 1817, and when a young man began working in the woolen mills as a dyer, which he followed in his native country until 1836, when he came to the United States, locating in Columbiana county.  He erected a woolen mill on Elk Run, which he operated successfully for a number of years, and afterward engaged in the mercantile business at Elkton, where he sold goods for some time.  He afterward retired, and for the last twenty years of his life was not actively engaged in any business or occupation.  The subject of this sketch early learned the trade of wagon making, and followed the same until 1884, at which time he came to Liverpool and purchased an interest in the firm of Allbright & McGraw, with which he is still identified.  This firm is upon a substantial basis, and is in the enjoyment of large and constantly increasing business.  To the marriage of Mr. Crook and Miss Jennie Fisher one child has been born, Pauline.
(Source: History of Columbiana County, Ohio:  Historical Publ. Co. Topeka - Indianapolis - 1926 - Page 311
FRANK S. CROWL, editor of the East Liverpool Gazette, one of the leading publications of Columbiana county, was born in the city of New Lisbon, this county, in the year 1854.  His parents were George and Jane Crowl.  His father is a native of Ohio and his mother of New Jersey.  George Crowl is the son of George Crowl, Sr., who came from Pennsylvania in to Columbiana Co. some time about the year 1802.  They located in what is now New Lisbon and remained there until his death.  By occupation he is a farmer, following that until his death.  George Crowl, Jr. was born in the year ___.  He received a limited education in the schools of the county.  He learned the trade of tailor when quite young and followed it for some years.  In later years he invented an iron roofing, and has been engaged in handling this for some years.  He is the father of five sons and four daughter; all are living except one daughter.  Three of the sons are now running newspapers.  Our subject was educated in the schools of this county.  After completing his trade he began serving an apprenticeship as a printer in the office of the New Lisbon Journal, and remained there two years.  He then went to Marshalltown, Iowa, and there completed his trade; he followed his trade in different parts of the west until the year 1879; he returned east in that year, coming to East Liverpool, and worked as journeyman until 1885.  He established the East Liverpool Gazette, which he conducted as a weekly for five years, and in March, 1890, he began the publication of a daily, and has worked it up to one of the leading papers in the county.  HE was married in March, 1882, to Emma T. Smith, a resident of Wellsville.  To this union has been born three children,  Edwin W., Donald  and Howard; all are living.  He and wife are members of the Methodist Episcopal church, he is also a member of the I. O. O. F.  In politics  he has always been an ardent republican, and has been one of the most ardent workers in the county for his party's success.  He has been very successful in business and now enjoys a large and a growing circulation.
(Source: History of Columbiana County, Ohio:  Historical Publ. Co. Topeka - Indianapolis - 1926 - Page 311
JOHN W. CROXALL.  In the front rank of successful business men of East Liverpool stands John W. Croxall, one of the leading potters of the Ohio Valley who was born in Derbyshire, England, in 1824.  His parents were Richard and Phoebe (Wilson) Croxall, both natives of England, whose ancestors can be traced back through many generations to some of the oldest families of that country.  Richard Croxall was by occupation a tailor, but the greater part of his life was spent in merchandising.  He came to the United States in 1844 and the same year located in East Liverpool, Ohio, and after remaining here some years moved to Louisville, Ky., where his death occurred about 1856.  He had a family of nine children, of whom four are living.  His wife died in 1860.  The immediate subject of this biography was educated in his native country and remained with his parents until after they came to the United States, after which he began working for himself in East Liverpool, for Bennett & Bros., well known potters.  He remained with his employers until their removal from the city in 1844, at which time, in partnership with his brothers, Thomas, Samuel and Jesse Croxall, the took the lease formerly held by Bennett Brors., and operated the works very successfully until their destruction by fire in 1852.  After this he was for some time in the employ of different firms, and in 1856 effected a co-partnership with Joseph Cartwright, John Kinsey and Thomas Croxall, and purchased the Union pottery, which had previously been erected by Messrs. Ball & Morris.  The firm thus formed continued for some years, but since 1888 Mr. Croxall has been sole owner, and under his successful management the business has become largely extended.  Recently Mr. Croxall took his two sons, George W. and Joseph H. into partnership, and the firm is now known as Croxall & Sons.  It will thus be seen that Mr. Croxall's life has been a very active one and in his business ventures his success has been the result of good management and superior judgment.  While prominently identified with the material interests of East Liverpool, Mr. Croxall has also taken an active part in the public affairs of his adopted town having served as a member of the common council and also as township trustee.  In his political affiliations he is an ardent republican and fraternally is a member of the Masonic and I. O. O. F. orders.  Mr. Croxall was married in the year 1848 to Sarah Johnson, who bore him eight children, the following living:  George W., Joseph H., Phoebe B. and Maggie.  The names of those deceased are:  Hannah, Edith, Agnes, and Richard.  Mrs. Croxall dying, Mr. Croxall afterward married Margaret A. Dilinger.
(Source: History of Columbiana County, Ohio:  Historical Publ. Co. Topeka - Indianapolis - 1926 - Page 12

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