OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS

A Part of Genealogy Express

 

Welcome to
BROWN COUNTY, OHIO
History & Genealogy

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

HISTORY OF CLERMONT & BROWN COUNTIES, OHIO
From the Earliest Historical Times Down to the Present
=========
IN TWO VOLUMES
=========

By Byron Williams
1913
 

VOLUME ONE

PAGE
PREFACE
CHAPTER I. - GEOLOGIC 17
  - The Purpose of this Work
- The Teaching of the Rocks
 - A Local Application of the Nebular Hypothesis
 - Chaotic Confusion
 - The Laurentian Land
 - World Making
 - The First Oceanic Floor
 - The Silurian Sea
 - The First Promenade of Life and March of Death
 - Geologic Upheavals
 - Heat, the Compelling Agent of Change
 - The Silurian Island
 - The Kingdom of Siluria
 - The Devonian System
 - The Creation of Process of Purification
 - When Coal was Made
 - The Age of Monsters
 - The Galacial Age in Old Clermont
 - The Land Finished for Man
 - The destruction of a Hundred Years
 
CHAPTER II. - ARCHAIC

29

   - The Land of the Blue Limestone and the Home of the Blue Grass
 - The Antiquity of Man in America
 - The Mound Builders in the Ohio Valley
 - Recently Gained Knowledge of Their Habits
 - Their Stupendous Sacrifice of Human Energy
 - The Motives
 - Post Holes
 - The Palisade
 - The Tepees
 - Grain Pits
 - The Rubbish in the Pits
 - The Home of the Mound Builder.  Tokens that Make all Time Arken
 - The Philosophy of Their Works
 - The Toltecan and Appalachian Indians
 - The Corn Plant
 - War between the Flesh Eaters and Grain Raisers
 - The Ancient Passes of Niagara and Detroit
 - The Hilltop Forts
 - The Masterpieces Arching Northward Around Old Clermont
 - Fort Ancient, the Key of the Cordon
 - The Mound Builders' Main Line of Defence
 - The Strife between Roving Hunters and Plodding Grainmen Centered in Southwestern Ohio
 - The Northern War for Southern Plunder
 - The Trails Through the Straits from the Fur Lands to the Corn Lands
 - The Ceremonial Works
 - The Milford Works
 - The Stonelick Works
 - Ancient Works Surveyed by General William Lytle
 - Indian Graves
 - Marathon Mounds
 - The Perry Township Mound
 - The Ripley Mounds
 - The Regrettable Effacement of Mounds in Brown and Clermont
 - "The Valley Which Was Full of Bones"
 - The Grave Does Not Cover all
 - The Author's Conclusion about the Mound Builders' Mission
 - The Sad Fated Planters and Fort Makers Served a Fine Purpose
 - The Kingly Corn, their Noble Gift to Humanity
 - The Grave Pleasure in a Study of a Perished Race of People
 
CHAPTER III - DISCOVERY AND EXPLORATION 53
   - A Tale of Trial and Triumph
 - The Wrongs of the Indians
 - They Did Not Inhabit Ohio
 - The Right of Discovery
 - Our Right to the Land Founded on War
 - The Missionaries
 - English Enterprise
 - Algonquin and Iroquois Rivalry
 - The Sparse Indian Population
 - The Ohio Valley the Most Vacant of All
 - The French Incur Iroquois Hatred
 - The Strategic Importance of the Iroquois
 - The Shawnees
 - Virginians Find Waters Flowing to the South Sea
 - LaSalle Claims the Mississippi Valley for the French
 - The Shawnees Migrate to Ohio
 - The Peaceful Delawares Grow Brave in Eastern Ohio
 - The Miamis and Wyandots Enter Lakes and down the Mississippi
 - The Fur Trade
 - The French and English prepare to Fight for No Man's Land Along the Ohio
 - The First Ohio Land Company
 - Enter, George Washington
 - Celoron's Expedition Passes Old Clermont, August 29, 1749
 - Pickawillany
 - Christopher Gist Searches for Good Land
 - Nothing Finer Found than the Miami Region
 - The French Destroy Pickawillany and War Begins
 - The End of Peaceful Exploration
 
CHAPTER IV. - UNDER TWO FLAGS 71
 - The Destruction of Pickawillany an Example of Extensive Indian Strategy
 - The Strategy of the Indian Defense of Ohio
 - The Loneliness of the Land
 - A Blundering War with Dazzling Results
 - The Showy French
 - The Miserly King George II
 - The Iroquois Consent to a Fort at the Fork of the Ohio
 - The French Begin to Fortify the Ohio
 - Major George Washington Sent to Protest
 - Jumonville's Party Killed or Captured
 - The Seven Years' War Begun
 - The French Seize the Ohio
 - The Big Trail
 - Braddock's Defeat
 - Washington Commander-in-Chief for Virginia
 - New England Resolves to Capture Canada
 - Virginia Resolves to Hold All to the Lakes and Mississippi
 - Forbes' Expedition
 - Major Grant's Defeat
 - The Fork of the Ohio Retaken
 - The French Flag Goes West by and Beyond Old Clermont
 - The Naming of Pittsburgh
 - Rogers' Mounted Rangers
 - A Continental Empire Changes Masters
 - The Indian Is Promised Protection Against Greed for Game Land
 - Washington's Leadership in Gaining Ohio
 
CHAPTER V. - UNDER BRITISH COLORS 81
 - Political Results of the French and Indian War
 - The Spectre of Independence Haunts the British Mind
 - Repressive Policy
 - The English Crown Takes the Place of the French
 - Settlers Forbidden to Go West of the Mountain Crest
 - Pontiac's Conspiracy
 - The Battle of Bushy Run
 - Bouquet's Expedition
 - The Treaty of Fort Stanwix Made the Ohio a Boundary Between the Races
 - The Odious Act of Quebec
 - The Ohio Valley a Hunting Ground for Savage Pleasure
 - Rebellion Rampant along the mountains before it was Whispered on the Coast
 - Washington again Goes West on the Big Trail
 - Dunmore's War
 - The Battle of Point Pleasant, the First Battle of the Revolution
 - The Shawnees
 - Cornstalk
 - Daniel Boone
 - First Surveying on the Ohio
 - Colonel Bowman's Expedition
 - George Rogers Clark
 - Clark's Conquest
 - The American Revolution as Told Is Mainly an Eastern Tale
 - The Western Side of the Revolution
 - Clark's Expedition in 1780
 - The Strife Along the Eastern Ohio
 - Fort Laurens
 - Official Report of British Governor De Peyster
 - The Avowed British Policy Was War on the Inhabitants of the West and South
 - The Massacre of Wyoming
 - The Massacre of Colonel Lochry's Command
 - The Massacre of Gnadenhutten
 - Crawford's Defeat
 - The Siege of Bryant's Station and the Battle of Blue Licks
 - The Last British Battle Flag Seen from Clermont
 - The Last Siege of Fort Henry, the Last Battle of the American Revolution
 - General Clark's Retaliating Expedition in 1782
 - What Might Have Been With Modern Inventions
 - The Motives of France and Spain in Making Peace
 - Franklin's Success in Treaty Making
 - Thirty-two Years Between Gist's Exploration and Independence.
 
CHAPTER VI. - THE INDIAN COUNTRY 109
 - British Hope for the Failure of Independence
 - Indians Not Consulted in the Treaty for Peace
 - The Malign Influence of the British Fur Traders
 - Old Clermont a Midway Hiding Place for Plundering Bands
 - War Debts and Public Lands
 - State Claims
 - Indian Titles
 - Treaty Councils at Fort Stanwix, Fort McIntosh and Fort Finney
 - Brant and Red Jacket Form an Indian Confederacy at Detroit
 - Moluntha Pleads for Peace
 - Congress Forbids Invasion of Indian Border
 - Clark's Expedition in 1786
 - Logan's Expedition against Mac-o-chee
 - The Murder of Moluntha
 - Civil Government Instituted
 - The Fertility
 - Spanish Hostility
 - Squatter Claims Rejected
 - The First Government Survey in Ohio, August, 1786
 - Surveying in the Virginia Military District begun in 1787
 - The Ordinance of 1787
 - The Second Ohio Land Company
 - Marietta
 - John Cleves Symmes
 - The Danger in 1787
 - Enter Arthur St. Clair, President of Congress
 - The Territory Northwest
 - Columbia
 - Losantiville
 - North Bend
 - Colonel Robert Todd's Expedition Against Paint Creek
 - Grant's Defeat near Vevay
 - "The Banditti Must be Intercepted"
 - Spanish Intrigue to Dissolve the Union
 - Cincinnati
 - Governor St. Clair Reports a Series of Disasters
 - Colonel Charles Scott's Expedition
 - War Resumed
 - Harmar's Expedition Against Omee
 - The Massacre at Big Bottom
 - Scott and Wilkinson's Expedition
 - Wilkinson's Second Expedition
 - St. Clair Planned a Chain of Forts
 - St. Clair's Defeat
 - Anthony Wayne
 - Two Years of Preparation and Two Hours of Victory
 - The Indian Country Passed into History After Forty Years of Conflict for the Ohio
 - Gallipolis, Massie's Station, or Manchester 
 
CHAPTER VII. - WILLIAM LYTLE 141
 - Homes as a Reward for Dangerous Duty
 - The Noble Idea and the Difficult Practice
 - The Difficulty Undertaken by Authorized Surveyors
 - General Massie and His Pupils
 - General Lytle
 - Lytle's Personal Narrative
 - Moving West
 - Life in a Palisade
 - The Boy of Fourteen Kills a Buffalo and a Bear
 - Watching for Indians
 - A Volunteer When Sixteen
 - Fighting at Mac-o-chee
 - The Capture and Murder of Moluntha
 - Chasing Indians
 - Grant's Defeat
 
CHAPTER VIII. - MAPPING THE WINDERNESS 173
 - The Innterrupted Surveying Resumed
 - Massie and Lytle Make a Narrow Escape
 - Belteshazzar Dragoo
 - A Battle with Tecumseh on the East Fork
 - Massie's Work in 1792
 - Linton's Survey, No. 681
 - Lytle's Work in 1793
 - The Profit on the Work
 - Lytle's Surveyor's Camp
 - James Taylor, Sr.
 - The Land Market in 1795
 - The Indian Peril of that Time
 - Two Traces from Lexington
 - Covalt's Station
 - Major Riggs Killed at Milford
 - The Winter of 1791-92
 - Adam Snider
 - The Tiller and the Man Who Would Not Work
 - The Shawnees Had Only Nominal Possession
 
CHAPTER IX. - COMING OF THE PIONEERS 191
 - The Effacement of a Hundred Years
 - The Settlements After Wayne's Treaty
 - Massie's Repulse from Paint Creek in 1795
 - The Origin of Williamsburg
 - James Kain
 - Massie and Lytle in the East in the Winter of 1795-96
 - Platting of Williamsburg Stopped by a Blizzard
 - Thomas Paxton
 - The Buchanan, Wood and Manning Settlement
 - The Ferguson Family
 - John Logston
 - Hamilton and Clark
 - Beltashazzar Dragoo
 - The Pioneers in a Forest Land
 - Adam Bricker
 - The People of 1796
 - The Pietists
 - The Five Ellis Brothers
 - The Dunlap-Kinkead Connection
 - James Edwards
 - Mills Stephenson
 - The Beaseleys
 - The Longs
 - Amos Ellis
 - Ezekiel Dimmitt and the Gest Brothers
 - The Light Family
 - The Christmas Fires of 1797
 - The Origin of Bethel
 - Obed Denham
 - The Baptist Church
 - The First Emancipation Society
 - Taylor and Lytle Build a Grain and Saw Mill
 - The Earliest Breadstuff
 - The First Mill East of the Little Miami and West of Chillicothe
 - Lytle in Philadelphia in 1797-98
 - Early Births
 - Rumors of a New County
 - Earliest Roads
 - First Marriage
 - Kain's Dug Wan and Morgan's Raid
 
CHAPTER X. - COMING OF THE PIONEERS - CONTINUED - STARTED 5/8/2019 225
 - Settlement Eastward from the Miami
 - A Methodist class Formed at McCormick's
 - The Immigration of 1798 More Than Doubled the Homes
 - Another Methodist Class Formed
 - An Official List of Settlers on Eagle and Straight Creeks
 - Jacob Ulrey and Captain W. H. Ulrey
 - Philip Gatch
 - The First Methodist Church North of the Ohio
 - Francis McCormick
 - Daniel Feagins
 - Round Bottom
 - More Roads
 - Warren Malott
 - John Metcalf
 - James Poage
 - John Boude
 - Benjamin Gardner
 - Joseph Dugan
 - Major Shaylor
 - Robert Christie
 - Leonard Raper
 - John Naylor
 - Joshua Lambert
 - The Lost Child
 
CHAPTER XI. - THE EARLIEST HOMES 249
 - The Traits and Trials of the First to Come
 - The Pioneer's House
 - The Roof
 - The Frow
 - The Floor
 - The Beds
 - The Fireplace
 - Their Cooking
 - Their Farming Tools
 - The Age of Wood
 - The Forest Seclusion
 - The Galmour of Tradition
 - The Positive Proof of Journals and Ledgers
 - Scarcity of Money
 - Fur Currency
 - What They Bought
 - The Drug and Book Trade
 - Bartering
 - Whiskey
 - A Complete Pioneer Outfit
 - The Awful Stress of Life
 - Maple Sugar Making
 - Woman's Work
 - The Philosophy of the Desire for Remembrance
 
CHAPTER XII. - THE FORMATION OF THE ANCIENT COUNTY OF CLERMONT 267
 - Governor St. Clair's Proclaations of Counties
 - Speculation in Land
 - Major General Arthur St. Clair
 - The Conditions of 1798
 - The First Territorial Legislature
 - Origin of Massie's Opposition
 - St Clair's Ideal of Duty
 - Bills for New Counties Vetoed and Consequenet Censure
 - The Second Session of the Legislature
 - Clermont County Proclaimed with 680 Males Above 16
 - The Political Tumult of the Time
 - The Name, Clermont - The County Officers
 - Thomas Morris
 - William Lytle
 - Harmony Hill
 - John Charles
 - The Old Stone Land Office
 - The Lost Child Found
 - The Settlement of the New County
 - The First Wagon Through by Chillicothe
 - St. Clairsville or Decatur
 - General Beaseley
 - Oscar Snell
 - Governor John M. Pattison
 
CHAPTER XIII. - EARLY DAYS OF THE COUNTY 295
 - Nearest Settlement to the North Line
 - Bugler William Sloane
 - The King of the Hay Haulers
 - The Price Paid for the Union by the Sloanes
 - Other Settlers in Territorial Times
 - Report on Population
 - Elections
 - Exit St. Clair
 - Early Courts
 - Log Court House
 - Thomas Morris' Taverns
 - Formation of Townships
 - Roads
 - Thomas Morris
 - Log Jail
 - The End of Territorial and the Beginning of Statehood
 
CHAPTER XIV. - THE COUNTY UNDER STATE LAW 321
 - State Courts Organized
 - Judge Francis Dunlavy
 - The First State Court in Old Clermont
 - The First Grand Jury for the State
 - Early County Officials
 - The Presiding Judges of Clermont and Brown
 - The Associate Judges
 - The County Commissioners
 - The Extirpation of Wild Animals
 - Adventures of Phoebe Dimmit and Mary Robinson
 - Benjamin Morris Rescued by Jesse Glancy
 - Jesse Glancy's Fight with a Bear
 - Adam Bricker and a Panther
 - The Last Bear
 - Buffalo
 - Game
 - The Turkey Trap
 - The Squirrel Scalp Currency
 - The Need of Roads and Bridges
 - Amos Ellis, Amos Smith and Other Early Commissioners
 - Roads with Names Now Strange
 - Public Buildings
 - John Charles
 - The Old Stone Court House
 - Stone Jail
 - Stone Clerk's Office
 - Bishop R. S. Foster
 - The Whipping Post
 - Traditions of the Second Log Jail
 - First of Many Bridges
 - The Second Bridge Where the Glancys Met Wolves
 - State Roads
 - The Anderson State Road
 - The Xenia State Road
 - The Formation of New Townships
 - Population in 1818
 
CHAPTER XV. - THE TONE OF THE TIME 347
 - The Jersey Settlement
 - John Collins
 - Charles H. Collins
 - Collins Chapel
 - Old Bethel
 - The Congregation Replete with Notable Names
 - White
 - Swing
 - Jenkins
 - Johnson
 - Simpson
 - Ulrey
 - A Student Group of Four
 - Influence of the Pulpit on Settlement
 - The Baptists at Bethel
 - At Ten Mile
 - At Twelve Mile
 - The Robbs
 - Charles Robb, the Teacher Poet
 - The Poets' Union
 - Dr. T. W. Gordon
 - "Eulalie"
 - Eliza Archard Conner
 - Robert Todd Lytle
 - William Haines Lytle, the Soldier Poet
 - Charles J. Harrison
 - Churchly Affairs
 - Hopewell Church
 - The Congregation of Gilboa
 - John Dunlavy
 - Muscular Christianity
 - Camp Meetings
 - Effects on Presbyterianism
 - James Gilliland
 - Robert B. Dobbins
 - The First Schools
 - The Best School House from 1804 to 1819
 - Dr. Alexander Campbell
 - Dr. Levi Rogers and His Son John G.
 - Surgeon General Richard Allison
 - The Early Healers
 - Peddlers First, Then Merchants
 - James Burleigh
 - Isaac Lines
 - William Waters and Benjamin Ellis
 - Postal Affairs
 - Newspapers
 
CHAPTER XVI. - THE ERA OF THE WAR OF 1812 369
 - The Conditions of That Era
 - Roads
 - Population
 - Cities
 - Effect of Napoleonic Wars
 - No Leisure Class Then
 - Renewal of the Long Conflict for Ohio
 - The Declaration Before the Preparation for War
 - Clermont's Answer to the First Call
 - Jacob Huber
 - Hull's Surrender
 - Colonel Mills Stephenson
 - Fort Stephenson
 - Perry's Victory and Captain Stephen Smith
 - Officers from Old Clermont
 - Deplorable Loss of the Muster Rolls
 - List of Revolutionary Soldiers in Clermont and Brown
 - Captain Jacob Boerstler's Company
 - Captain Robert Haines Company
 - General William Lytle in the War of '12
 - His Service in Promoting Old Clermont Reviewed and Censure Refuted
 - Ohio in the War of '12
 - The Migration from the Sea Board to Old Clermont after the War of '12
 - Captain Matthew Pease at the Execution of Louis XVI
 
CHAPTER XVII. - AFTER THE DIVISION OF OLD CLERMONT 385
 - The Agitation for New Counties
 - Comparative Population of New Counties
 - Relative Importance of Old Clermont
 - Township Histories
 - New Enterprise
 - Bridges
 - New County Seat for Clermont
 - New Richmond
 - Batavia
 - County Seat for Brown
 - Ripley
 - Bridgewater
 - Georgetown
 - The Woods Family
 - The Court House for Brown County
 - Coincidence in the Growth of Brown and Clermont
 - Better Roads
 - The Coming of Pikes from the Markets
 - A Tram Way
 - The Plank Road Delusion
 - The Canal Era
 - Thomas Morris
 - The Ohio Canal System a Victory for the Union
 - The Effect of the Canals
 - Brown and Clermont Classed as Anti-Canal Counties
 - The Use of Steam for Transportation
 - 'The First Railroads
 - The Prosperity of the Flat Boat Times
 - Flour, Pork and Whisky
 - The Temperance Movement
 - The River Trade and Slavery
 - The Underground Railroad
 
CHAPTER XVIII. - OTHER FORMS OF SOCIAL EXPANSION 403
 - The Early Days of Masonry in Old Clermont
 - Clermont Social Lodge No. 29, Free and Accepted Masons
 - Fraternal Organization between the Little Miami and the Scioto
 - The Lodge now Ranks as No. 9 in all Fraternity North and West of the Ohio -
 - "Refreshments" -
 - The First Two-Story Hall and the First Brick School House Between Cincinnati and Chillicothe
 - Other Lodges
 - Early Schools Depended Upon Individual Effort
 - Subscription Schools
 - Select Schools
 - Academies
 - Seminaries
 - Presbyterian Schools
 - The Quail Trap Academy
 - Union Schools
 - Teachers' Institutes
 - Clermont's Share in the Institution of Graduation from the Common Schools
 - General Lytle's Donation of the Origin of St. Martin's
 - The Catholic Church
 - Organization of New Townships
 - The Founding of Towns
 - Steam Boats
 - Stage Lines
 - Wagon Trains on the Pikes
 - Droves
 - Practical Emancipation now Popular
 - The Early Case
 
CHAPTER XIX. - THE MEXICAN WAR AND THE GOLD FEVER 415
 - The Mexican War a Preliminary Campaign in a Greater Struggle
 - The Volunteers from Brown
 - 'The Company from Clermont and Brown
 - General Thomas L. Hamer, His Youth, Political Success, Oratory and Death in Mexico
 - Discovery of Gold in California
 - The Light Family
 - Dr. William Wayland Light, One of the Argonauts
 - A Deadly Fight
 
CHAPTER XX. - IN THE CIVIL WAR 421
 - Change in Fashion and Custom
 - The Note of Preparation
 - The Roster of Ohio in the War
 - Those Who Heard the Call
 - The Terror of the First Tidings
 - The Fall of Sumter
 - A General Statement of the Organizations from Brown and Clermont
 - The Nearest Battle
 - The Morgan Raid
 - The Course of the Longest Single March on Record
 - The Conduct of the Raiders
 - 'A Fight for a Horse
 - The Story of Captain George Harris of Morgan's Artillery
 - The Reception of the Union Army in Pursuit of Morgan
 - The Difference Between the Armies
 - The General Service of the Troops from Brown and Clermont
 - When the Boys Came Marching Home.
 
CHAPTER XXI. - THE WONDERFUL STORY OF GRANT 435
 - The John Simpson Home
 - The House at Point Pleasant
 - Jesse Grant Clears Eleven Hundred Dollars in Twenty-two Months
 - The Home in Georgetown
 - Jesse Grant
 - The First Brick School House in Georgetown
 - Boyhood
 - Fondness for Horses
 - A Daring Rider
 - A Fine Example of a Well Raised American Boy
 - Attracts the Attention of Teacher John D. White, General Hamer and Senator Morris
 - At West Point
 - Excels all in Horsemanship
 - Hazed at Home
 - His Remarkable Reserve
 - The Teaching of Solitude
 - His Vision of War
 - His Patient Courtesy
 - The Simplicity of His Sincerity
 - The Gentle Quality of the Man
 - His Kindness in Victory
 - His World-wide Triumph
 - How He Rendered Good for Evil
 - His Tomb in the Center of the World
 - Lieut. Gen. Henry C. Corbin.
 
CHAPTER XXII. - AFTER THE GREAT WAR 449
 - The Care of the Unfortunate
 - The World is Growing Kinder
 - The Progress of Charity
 - The Old Poor Houses
 - The Modern Infirmaries
 - The Children's Home
 - Free Pikes
 - The Toll Gates a fading Memory
 - Agitation for a Central Railroad
 - The Gore Route
 - The Stimulating Effect of the Cincinnati Southern Railroad
 - The Narrow Gauge Era
 - Samuel Woodward
 - Two roads or none
 - The Cincinnati and Eastern
 - The Cincinnati, Georgetown - and Portsmith
 

VOLUME TWO

PREFACE  
BIOGRAPHICAL INDEX  
   

...

CLICK HERE to RETURN to
BROWN COUNTY, OHIO
CLICK HERE to Return to
OHIO GENEALOGY EXPRESS
FREE GENEALOGY RESEARCH is My MISSION
GENEALOGY EXPRESS
This Webpage has been created by Sharon Wick exclusively for Genealogy Express  2008
Submitters retain all copyrights