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Auglaize County
and the
Indian History of Wapakoneta, and the First
Settlement of the County.
Publ. Wapakoneta: Robert Sutton, Publisher

pg. 201


     THE soldiers of Auglaize County were largely embodied in the 37th, 4th, 99th, and 118th Regiments Ohio Volunteer Infantry.  Let us merely glance at these regiments.
     The 37th Regiment O. V. I. was the third German regiment organized in the State, and was mustered into service Oct. 2, 1862.  It participated in the campaigns of the Kanawha Valley, Arkansas, and the Yazoo River, and again in the investment of Vicksburg.  Here the Lieut.-Colonel was severely wounded, and the command during the next month devolved upon Major Hipp, now of St. Marys.  After the fall of Vicksburg, the regiment participated in the capture of Jackson, and returned to Cherokee Station, via Memphis and Corinth.  It next appeared at Chattanooga, operating in the Sugar Creek Valley, and in the march to Kingston, again in command of Major Hipp.  It afterward engaged in the movements on the Chattahoochee River, but moved rapidly from here against Atlanta.  After the fall of the city, forced marches were made across Georgia and Alabama in pursuit of Hood's cavalry.  On Nov. 13, 1864, the regiment entered Atlanta to obtain outfits for the "grand march to the sea" under Sherman.  The history of this march is known, and at its close we find the regiment in camp at Goldsboro', N. C., during the capitulations of Lee and Johnson.  It then marched to Washington, was reviewed by the President and Cabinet, and then transferred to Little Rock, Arkansas, and lastly to Cleveland, Ohio, where the men were discharged, Aug. 12,1865.
     The 45th O. V. I. was mustered into service Aug. 19, 1862, and proceeded the same day to Kentucky.  It operated about Danville, and with Woolford's and the Second Ohio Cavalry pursued the forces of John Morgan on his Ohio raid.  Again it pursued the command of Col. Scott as far as Winchester, Ky The regiment now operated in Kentucky and Tennessee until it took part in the battle of Resaca, after which it participated in the Atlanta campaign, including the engagements at New Hope Church, Lost Mountain, and Kenesaw Mountain.  It then returned to Middle Tennessee and took part in the battles of Franklin and Nashville, which broke the strength of Gen. Hood.  The regiment returned to Nashville, when it was mustered out of service, June 15, 1865.
     The 99th O. V. I. was mustered into service Aug. 26, 1862, and included one company from Auglaize County.  It left Camp Lima Aug. 31, under orders to report at Lexington, Ky.  It participated against Bragg in the retreat to Wild Cat, then marched against John Morgan, who was pushed from his own ground, but without any significant result.  Again it moved toward Nashville, took part in the battle of Stone River, and advanced on Murfreesboro'.  It next operated in the Tennessee and Sequatchie Valleys, but moved in time to engage in the battle of Chickamauga.  It afterward entered Lookout Valley, engaged in the "battle above the clouds," and the following day swept over Mission Ridge.  After these engagements it went into camp until it moved in the Atlanta campaign, when it participated in the battles of Kenesaw and  Pine Mountain, Atlanta, Jonesboro', and Lovejoy.  It then started in pursuit of Hood, via Resaca to Duck River, and after opening communications, was ordered to Franklin.  From here it proceeded to Nashville, where it took a position in front of the city, and moved against Hood's entrenchments.  The entrenchments were carried and the rebel guns turned upon the retreating army, which was pursued as far as Columbia.  Here the 99th was consolidated with the 50th Ohio, after which it moved to Wilmington, Kingston, Goldsboro', Raleigh, Greensboro', and was finally mustered out at Salisbury, N. C., June 26, 1865.
     The 118th O. V. I. was mustered into service in Aug. 1862, and was ordered at once to Kentucky.  It operated in Kentucky and Tennessee, without any particular engagement, until the campaign of 1864, when, on the 7th of May, it moved against Dalton, and again against Resaca.  In this latter engagement the regiment, in a single charge, lasting about ten minutes, lost 116 of the 300 men engaged.  A few days later it took part in the fierce encounters about Dallas and Pumpkinville Creek, in its irresistible advance.  It was engaged at Kenesaw, Chattahoochee, Utoy Creek, and the closing movements at Atlanta.  This city fell, and the regiment returned to Decatur and joined in the pursuit of Hood, who was driven here to Franklin, where a stand was made only to be lost.  From here the regiment pursued the retreating army as far as Columbia, and from there went to Clifton.  It then proceeded into North Carolina, and embarked for Cincinnati, from which city it went by rail to Washington.  From Washington it went to the mouth of the Cape Fear River, moved upon and captured Ft. Anderson, and was the first regiment to plant its colors on the fort.  Its next engagement was at Town Creek, from which point it marched to Kingston, and advanced to Goldsboro', when it joined Sherman's army, and participated in the final movements against the forces of Johnson.  The regiment was finally mustered out at Cleveland, Ohio, July 9, 1865.
     We have thus cast only a glance at the war record, for space forbids that we enter into a history of the Soldiers of Auglaize County.  For their record belongs to the Nation as  distinctly as the principles for which they fought belong to man.  Participating in all the suffering, defeats, and crowning triumps of the National Army, their record is a record of the war.  The results of their devotion are therefore, first, National, but ultimately, Universal, for they fought as men for man, the principles for which they contended being the foundation on which rests the welfare and happiness of the race.  They depend not upon local annals for the abiding history of their achievements, but find it traced in living characters of gratitude upon the hearts of a liberty loving nation.  In this national capacity they secure for themselves the grate benedictions of that Posterity for which whey preserved a Land of Liberty, Unity, and Peace.  Today, we stand before then dawn of an era of peace whose mild mission is destined to conquer, for the age of the pen guided by Reason is superseding the era of the sword.

ROLL OF HONOR - Commissioned Officers.

Name Rank. Co. Regiment. Date Enlistm't. Date of Death or Discharge.
Andrews, Geo. W. Brev. Brig. Gen.       Resigned 1864
Andrews, Geo. W. Colonel   15th & 71st O. V. I. April 27, '61 Promoted.
Mott, Sam'l R., Sr. Colonel   118th O. V. I. Sept. '62 Resigned Feb. 10, '64
Mott, Sam'l R., Jr. Colonel   57th O. V. I. Sept. '62 Aug. 25, '65
Kennedy, Wm. Lieut. -Col.   118th O. V. I. Aug. '62 Resigned Dec. 12, '64
Walkup, John Lieut. -Col.   118th O. V. I. Sept. 5, '62 Resigned April 17, '63
Bennet, O. Major.   Gen. Hill's STaff    
Hipp, Charles Major   37th O. V. I. Aug. 20, '61 Aug. 20, '65
Whiteman, A. L. Major   156th O. N. G. May 2, '64 Sept. 2, '64
Hunter, Franklin C. Surgeon   24th Iowa V.    
Bradley, Jacob Asst. Surgeon        
Barber, Abram Captain   118th O. V. I. May 15, '63 Wounded and Resigned
Baker, David Captain   57th O. V. I. June 16, '62 Aug. '65
Bitler, Samuel Captain K 99th O. V. I. Aug. 10, '62 July 19, '65
Bennet, O. Captain   Dayton Z    
Cutler, John Captain   34th O. V. I.    
Craig, Samuel Captain G 156th O. N. G. May 2, '64 Sept. '64
Heston, Joseph S. Captain F 4th N. J. V. Aug. 17, '61  
January, Benj. F. Captain K 154th O. N. G. May 2, '64 Sept. 2, '64
Kelley, Henry B. Captain K 99th O. V. I. Aug. 7, '64  
Kaga, Abraham Captain F 15th O. V. I. Apr. 16, '61 Sept. 27, '61
Kaga, Abraham Captain E Benton Cadets Sept. 9, '61 Jan. 9, '62
Kaggs, Abraham Captain K 20th O. V. I. Jan. 27, '62 Jan. 6, '64
Layton, W. V. M. Captain K 15th O. V. I. Apr. 20, '61 July, '61
Little, John C. Captain E 187th O. V. I. March 2, '65 Jan. 20, '66
Marhsall, J. D. Captain C 17th O. V. I. April, '61 Aug. '65
McMurray, Robert Captain E 67th O. V. I. May 25, '64 July 17, '65
Mott, S. R., Sr. Captain E 31st O. V. I. Sept. '61 Promoted to Col. 118.
NIeberg, Theo. Captain C 37th O. V. I. Aug. 30, '61 Aug. 12, '65
Schmidt, Henry Captain C 37th O. V. I. Aug. 22, '61 Aug. 7, '65
Silver, Wm. Captain G 52d Pa. Sept.  
Scott, Albert S. Captain   31st O. V. I.    
Stone, Michael Captain G 118th O. V. I. Aug. 13, '62 July 16, '64
Underwood, J. W. Captain   57th O. V. I. June 16, '63 Aug. '65
Breese, John 1st Lieut. G 156th O. N. G. May 2, '64 Sept. 2, '64
Dickman, Theo 1st Lieut. C 58th O. V. I. Jan. 8, '62 Resigned Dec. 8, '62
Finke, Henry 1st Lieut. C 37th O. V. I. Aug. 27, '61 Aug. 20, '65
Harter, Newton J. 1st Lieut.   71st O. V. I. Feb. 7, '62 Aug. 29, '62
Herring, Wm. 1st Lieut. C 59th U. S. Inf. May 4, '64 Jan. 31, '66             [Tenn.
Jones, Thos, H. B. 1st Lieut. B 45th O. V. I.   Killed at Jones's Hill,
Kishler, Wm. S. 1st Lieut. K 99th O. V. I. Aug. 23, '62 Wd. at Stone River, and died Jan. 23, '63
Nickell, Andrew 1st Lieut. E 82d O. V. I. Nov. 11, '61 Nov. 20, '62
Nickels, Amour 1st.Lieut.   71st O. V. I. Jan. 10, '62 Resigned June 8, '63
Phelps, F. E. 1st Lieut.   8th U. S. Cav. '70 Still in service
Rogers, Geo. M. 1st Lieut. B 57th O. V. I. Sept. 26, '61 Aug. 26, '64
Sawyer, Lewis Cass 1st Lieut.   5th O. Ind. Battery Aug. 31, '61 Jun. 17, '62
Storok, Fritz 1st Lieut. C 37th O. V. I. - -
Stevenson, T. W. 1st Lieut.   99th O. V. I. July, '62 Resigned Nov. 26, '62
Trimble, Henry M. 1st Lieut. K 99th O. V. I.   Dec. 31, 1864
Walkup, E. B. 1st Lieut.   99th O. V. I. Dec. '62 July 17, '65
Boesel, Charles 2d Lieut.   37th O. V. I.    
Burk, G. W. 2d Lieut G 156th O. N. G. May, '64 Sept. '64
Cordrey, Davis D. 2d Lieut. D 18th U. S. Inf. July '62 Died Jan. 24, '63
Fike, Jacob 2d Lieut D 71st O. V. V. I. Oct. 29, '65 ov. 30, '65
Kinsey, Jesse 2d Lieut. B 45th O. V. I. July '62  
Kuhn, R. A. 2d Lieut.   Telegrapher U. S. A. July 154, 862 June. 26, 2865
Means, Lyman N. 2d Lieut. B 4th O. V. I. July 14, '262 June 15, '65
Moody, J. W. 2d Lieut.   15th " May, '61  
Smith, Jacob H. 2d Lieut. K 1st Pa. Apri 19, '61 July 25, '61
Schmidt, Casper 2d Lieut.   37th Sept. 7, '61 March, '62








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