NOTE: I will pick things out of
this chapter for now and detail it later. ~ SW
[Photo of Gen. Nathaniel Massie]
Founder of Manchester in 1790, the Third Settlement in
Massie's Settlement at Manchester - Character of the
Life in the Backwoods - Early Marriages - Reminiscences.
generation has but little conception of the environments
of the pioneers of Adams County, and of the hardships
and dangers endured by them. When the first
settlement was formed at the "Three Islands," what is
now Adams County, as in fact with two exceptions, all of
the present Sate of Ohio, was a vast wilderness,
inhabited by tribes of hostile savages, and filled with
ferocious beasts and venomous serpents. Thee was
not a white man's domicile in all the Virginia
Reservation, and there was not a fort nor a single
company of soldiers in all that vast region to shelter
the pioneer who ventured within its limits, or to stay
the course of the bands of murderous savages that roamed
the forests. For the most part the entire region
was an unbroken forest, and the stately monarchs of the
woods, the oak leviathans, whose lofty tops towered the
heavens, formed a canopy of green that was but dimly
penetrated by the summers' sun, and the creeks and
streams were overhung with foliage that shut out the
sunlight and cast deep shadows over the surface of the
waters. There was not a road nor a path through
this wilderness except those made by the herds of
buffaloes in their travels form one feeding place to
another. There were no means of travel through
this vast wilderness except on foot or on horseback and
these were fraught with the greatest dangers to life and
limb. With such surroundings and under such
conditions was the first white settlement begun in the
Massie's Settlement at Manchester.
Character of the Pioneers.
Life in the Backwoods.
The first law
regulating marriages in the Territory was published in
the fall of 1788, at Marrietta.
Provided that males of the age of fourteen, and not
prohibited by the laws of God, might be joined in
Provided that any of the Judges of the General Court of
Common Pleas and ministers of any religious society
within the district in which they resided, might
Section 3. Provided that before being
joined in marriage, the parties should give notice of
their intentions by having them proclaimed the preceding
Sabbath in their congregation; or notices in writing
under the hand and seal of one of the Judges before
mentioned, or a Justice of the Peace of the county, and
posted in some public place in the town where the
parties respectively resided; or a license might be
obtained from the Governor, under his hand and seal,
authorizing the marriage without the publication
A supplementary act was
passed August 1, 1792, empowering every Justice of the
Peace of solemnize marriages in their respective
counties, after publication aforesaid, or upon license.
The following list embraces
all the marriages that took place in Adams County down
to January 1, 1800. The records are missing from
that date down to May, 1803. We give a partial
list of the marriages for the subsequent ten years:
April 17 - James Scott and Elizabeth
Kilgore, by James Scott
April 17 - Joseph Lane and Mary Hastley, by James Scott
June 5 - Thomas Harrod and Esther Templin, by James
June 12 - Andrew Edgar and Nancy Brooks, by James
Aug. 7 - Turner Davis and Elizabeth Vance, by John
Aug. 7 - William Russell and Ruth Heneman, by John
Aug. 15 - John Stockham and Francis Kahn, by Moses
Oct. 31 - James Folsom and Elizabeth Martin, by John
Oct. 31 - Jacob Strickley and Martha Cox of Mason
County, Kentucky, by John Russell
Nov. 26 - Fred Baless and Nancy Erls, by Thomas Kirker
Jan. 10 - John Davis and Nancy Aikens, by Moses
Jan. 3 - David Miller and Catharine
Studebaker, by Moses Baird.
Jan. 22 - Peter Bible and Isabel Morrison, by Thomas
Jan. 22 - George Noleman and Polly Edgington, by Thomas
March 5 - Jesse Nelson and Martha Wilson, by Moses
April 4 - Thomas Foster and Jennie McGovney, by Rev.
May 16 - Wilson Stout and Margaret Bennett, by John
May 16 - Isaac Stout and Ann Snodgrass, by John
June 14 - Joseph White and Elizabeth McHenry, by
July 25 - John Smith and Nancy Dennis, by Noble Grimes
Aug. 8 - Abraham Thomas and Margaret Baker, by Rev. John
Aug. 20 - Elijah Shepherd and Hannah Rodgers, by John
Aug. 25 - Alexander Barker and Beckey Dennis, by
Sept. 12 - Abraham Shepherd and Peggy Moore, by Rev.
Sept. 17 - Jonathan Liming and Jane Liming, by Rev. John
Oct. 23 - Joseph Corns and Anna Truesdale, by John
Dec. 20 - Alexander Burnside and Margaret Martin, by
Dec. 30 - John Jones and Jane Mitchell, by John Belli
May 12 - Wm. Morrison and Prudence
Noleman, by Rev. John Dunlavy
May 5 - Richard Woodworth and Sarah Roberson by Rev.
May 26 - William McClelland and Margaret Fink, by Israel
June 2 - Robert Taylor and Sarah Palmer, by Mills
April 18 - Nathan Glaze and Nacy Creswell, by Mills
April 13 - Wilson Bayne and Patty Bayne, by Mills
June 3 - Marcus Tolonge and Sara Bagger, by Mills
Sept. 15 - Coleman Asberry and Amy Compton, by Nathan
Sept. 9 - Henry Shaw and Nancy Rogers, by Joseph
Oct. 6 - Peter Parker and Mary Fele by Joseph Newman
Sept. 15 - James McIntyre and Ann Roebuck, by John
May 14 - Michael Sloop and Mary Ann Gilsever, by John
Aug. 3 - William Frizel and Nancy Stolcup, by John
Sept. 22 - William Coole and Sara Stout, by John Russell
Sept. 15 - George Campbell and Caty Noland, by Thos.
Aug. 18 - William Taylor and Millie Key, by Jas. Parker
Aug. 30 - Daniel Kerr and Sarah Curry, by Jas. Parker
Nov. 1 - Alex. Harover and Mary Stevenson, by Nathan
Oct. 6 -John Davidson and Isabel Pence, by William
Sept. 29 - James Hunter and Hannah Gordon, by William
Oct. 20 - John Moore and Nancy Edwards, by Jos. Moore.
Nov. 21 - John Knots and Catharine Adams, by Rev. Thos.
Oct. 9 - Nicholas Washburn and Lily Lacock, by Mills
Oct. 20 - James King and Elizabeth Larwell, by Mills
Dec. 15 - John Davidson and Margaret Kincaid, by Rev.
Jan. 5 - Thomas Mullen and Ann Megonigle,
by Phillip Lewis
Jan. 26 - William McCormick and Mary Charlton, by John
Jan. 16 - John Shelton and Sarah Middleton, by Jas.
Jan. 15 - Thomas Lewis and Irene Smith, by Rev. T. W.
Feb. 23 - James McComas and Esther Smith, by Noble
Feb. 23 - James Horn and Elizabeth Miller, by Rev. John
Feb. 15 - Gilbert Hiett and Polly Gunnings, by William
March 1 - John Abbott and Hannah Reynolds, by Jos.
Feb. 29 - Jonathan Wamsley and Sarah Odell, by Rev.
May 6 - Joseph Reynolds and Jane Abbott, by Joseph
May 23 - George Fisher and Hannah Haden, by Joseph
May 17 - Solomon Shoemaker and Agnes Kerr, by Paul Kerr
June 26 - Aquilla Denham and Harriet Thompson, by Hiram
June 30 - George Roebuck and Ann Bealles, by Jas. Parker
May 23 - Adams Morrow and Frankie Barley, by Mills
April 19 - Samuel Smith and Mary Peyton, by Philip Lewis
Feb. 12 - Levi Sparks and Mildred Anderson, by Noble
July 12 - Joseph Lovejoy and Priscilla Anderson, by
July 12 - Stephen Clark and Rebecca Ogle, by Noble
Aug. 9 - Lewis Coleman and Elizabeth Stalcup, by John
July 15 - Cornelius Cain and Elizabeth Newman, by Jas.
Aug. 14 - William King and Peggy Wright, and Samuel
Dec. 26 - Mathew Thompson and Mary Simral, by John
Dec. 29 - John Copas and Betsey Grooms, by James Carson
Oct. 13 - William Dunbar and Rebecca Delaplane, by John
Feb. 4 - Isaac Edgington and Sarah
Bryan, by William Leedom
Jan. 20 - John Philips and Elizabeth Cole, by Paul
Feb. 7 - James Moore and Peggy Wade, by Wm. Leedom
March 25 - William Rolland and Sally Crawford, by John
March 25 - John Menas and Sally Collier, by John
May 23 - Thomas Palmer and Ruth Noleman, by William
July 4 - Philip Lewis, Jr., and Nancy Humble, by
Rev. T. W. Levinney
June 27 - William Wills and Sara Shepherd, by Rev.
Nov. 4 - John Baldridge and Lila Cole, by James
Dec. 2 - Andrew Elliott and Martha McCreight, by Robt.
June 23 - Isaac Edgington and Margaret
Palmer, by James Scott.
June 20 - James Wilson and Sally Horn, by Robt.
Dobbins, V. D. M.
June 26 - John Grooms and Deborah Sutterfield, by
July 17 - Isaac Aerl and Rebecca Collier, by P. Lewis,
July 21 - David Murphy and Catharine Williams, by P.
June 25 - Hugh Montgomery and Polly Secrist, by Robt.
June 25 - Jesse Stout and Sara Morrison, by John
June 19 - John Ailes and Rebeca Vires, by John
July 10 - John Bilyue and Grace Dunbar, by James
Oct. 11 - John Sellman and Nelly Parmer, by Wm. Leedom
Aug. 7 - Philip Bourman and Mary Dragoo, by Jas. Parker
Aug. 8 - Hezekiah Bellie and Sarah Stephenson, by John
Oct. 24 - John Hamilton and Isabella Smith, by Wm. Lee
Dec. 11 - Reuben Pennywitt and Mary Lucas by Wm.
Williamson, V. D. M.
Dec. 25 - George Washington Green
Harroll and Sarah Askren, by Mills Stephenson
Aug. 3 - Robel Butler and Comfort Pettijohn, by
Oct. 9 - Henry McGarah and Sarah Young,
by James Moore.
May 27 - Dr. Joseph Keith and Sarah Beasley (relict
Major John Beasley), by Rev. Wm. Williamson
Oct. 22 - John West and Barbara Platter, by Curliss
Dec. 11 - Samuel Laremore and Catherine McGate, by
Jan. 14 - Hamilton Dunbar and Delilah
Sparks, by James Scott.
Jan. 1 - William McClanahan and Nancy Paull, by Adam
Feb. 18 - Samuel Finley and Polly Glasgow, by James
Dec. 9 - Thomas Lockhart and Marry Grimes, by P.
Nov. 10 - Davis Reynolds and Milley Dunn, by John
March 10 - Jesse Grimes and Polly
Meggitt (McGate), by John Ellison.
Feb. 28 - Moses Lockhart and Sarah Aldred, by John
March 23 - Cornelius Washburn and Susanna Dunn, by
April 6 - John Mannon and Sarah Washburn, by John
June 8 - James Wikoff and Rachel Ellis, by Rev. Robt.
June 8 - William Russell and Nancy Wood, by Rev. Abbott
Aug. 17 - James Collier and Sarah Eyler, by Job
Sept. 14 - Thomas Hayslip and Isabel Paul, by Wm.
Williamson, V. D. M.
Sept. 13 - Robt. Glasgo and Rosanna Finley, by
John W. Campbell.
Sept. 25 - Enos Johnson and Sally Sparks, by John W.
Nov. 2 - Samuel Finley and Milley Sparks, by John W.
Oct. 24 - Horace L. Palmer and "the amiable Miss
Margeretia Campbell of Kentucky," by Mills Stephenson,
Dec. 11 - "The Honorable John Ewing to the amiable
Mrs. Hannah Cutler, both of the county of Adams," by
William Laycock, J. P.
March 2 - Mark Pennwitt and Nancy
Naylor, by Wm. Williamson, V. D. M.
March 14 - Thomas Dawson and Druzilla Palmer, by James
March 14 - Damascus Brooks and Priscilla Palmer, by
April 3 - Angus McCoy and Agnes Horn, by Rev. James
April 26 - Thomas McGovney and Jenny Graham, by
June 28 - Stout Pettit and Martha McDermott, by Jos.
Jan. 14 - John Dixon and Polly
Middleswart, by Mills Stephenson
Aug. 8 - Jacob Edgington and Mary Anne Dobbins, by
Rev. Robt. Dobbons.
March 26 - Joseph McKee to Peggy Eakins,
by Joseph Westbrook.
Feb. 11 - Zachariah Grooms to Fanny
Shanks, by Job Dinning.
* James Parker certified that "Archibald Ousler" was
married on the 8th day of April 1806.
Diseases of the Pioneers.
Medicinal Herbs and Roots.
Whiskey and Tobacco
Floods in the Ohio.
Great Gatherings of the People.
The Squirrel Plague.
In the early
history of the county and as recently as 1865, great
flocks of wild pigeons came into the county in the
seasons when there was much mast. These would fly
in such numbers as to darken the sky overhead, and in
lighting in the timber would crash the branches and
limbs like the force of the hurricane.
After the Civil
War, a class of "refugees" came into the eastern portion
of Adams County and the western border of Scioto and
committed many petty crimes. Some of them were
accused of horse stealing. A number of prominent
citizen formed a kind of league, known as the
"Regulators" who punished and drove out the most
offensive of the "refugees." The "Regulators" held
annual public re-unions for years.
A Glen on Beasley.
The Redbud and the Redbird.